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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants in the intervention (counselling) and control groups

From: The effect of prenatal counseling on breastfeeding self-efficacy and frequency of breastfeeding problems in mothers with previous unsuccessful breastfeeding: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Variablescounseling group(n = 54)
n (%)a
Control group(n = 54)
n (%)a
P-value
Age32.3 (5.3) b30.2 (6.0) b0.056 c
Parity  0.068
 128 (51.9)39 (72.2) 
 219 (35.2)13 (24.1) 
 3 ≤7 (13.0)2 (3.7) 
Live child  0.258¥
 132 (59.3)40 (74.1) 
 220 (37/0)13 (24.1) 
 32 (3.7)1 (1.9) 
Willingness to pregnancy  0.020
 Yes35 (64.8)44(81.5) 
 No13 (24.1)10 (18.5) 
 In future6 (11.1)0 (0.0) 
Occupation  0.153¥
 Housekeeper52 (96.3)54 (100.0) 
 Employed2 (3.7)0 (0.0) 
Level of Education  0.039£
 Elementary14 (25.9)7 (13.0) 
 Secondary9 (16.7)12 (22.2) 
 High school7 (13/0)5 (9.3) 
 Diploma20 (37.0)12 (22.2) 
 University4 (7.4)18 (33.3) 
spouse’s education  0.011£
 Illiterate1 (1.9)2 (3.7) 
 Elementary15 (27.8)5 (9.3) 
 Secondary12 (22.2)10 (18.5) 
 High school11 (20.4)8 (14.8) 
 University15 (27.8)29 (53.7) 
Husband occupation  0.419¥
 Unemployed1 (1.9)1 (1.9) 
 Manual worker18 (33.3)20 (37.0) 
 Employee11 (20.4)11 (20.4) 
 Shopkeeper6 (11.1)1 (1.9) 
 Self-employment18 (33.3)21 (38.9) 
Adequacy of monthly income  0.376£
 Quite enough3 (5.6)1 (1.9) 
 Somewhat enough43 (79.6)43 (79.6) 
 Not enough at all8 (14.8)10 (18.5) 
Previous breastfeeding problem  0.704¥
 Inadequate milk25 (46.3)27 (50.0) 
 Refusing to breastfeed20 (37.0)21 (38.9) 
 Common problems and condition9 (16.7)6 (11.1) 
  1. a Number (Percent)
  2. bAge variable was reported based on mean (Standard Deviation)
  3. c Independent T-test / Fisher’s Exact test / ¥ Chi-square / £ x2 for trend