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Table 3 Adjusted obstetric outcomes, healthcare utilization and expenditures among women with depression/anxiety and serious mental illness, 2006–2015 (N = 7,906,820)a

From: Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, serious mental illness, and delivery-related health outcomes, United States, 2006–2015

  All Other Hospital Deliveries
(n = 7,637,348)
PMAD
(n = 219,294)
SMI
(n = 50,178)
Obstetric outcomes
 Severe maternal morbidity/mortality 1.5 (1.5–1.5) 2.3 (2.2–2.4) 2.1 (1.9–2.2)
 Preterm deliveryb 6.7 (6.7–7.0) 9.7 (9.4–10.0) 10.8 (10.4–11.1)
 Cesarean delivery 32.7 (32.4–33.0) 37.7 (37.3–38.1) 38.8 (38.2–39.2)
Healthcare utilization
 Hospital transfer 0.7 (0.7–0.8) 1.5 (1.4–1.6) 2.2 (2.0–2.4)
 Mean Length of stay (days)c 2.6 (2.6–2.6) 3.1 (3.0–3.1) 3.1 (3.1–3.2)
Healthcare expenditures
 Mean cost per delivery hospitalization (USD, mean)d 4400 (4300-4500) 5200 (5100-5200) 5300 (5200-5400)
  1. aAll proportions are survey-weighted and represented as rate per 100 delivery hospitalizations (95% Confidence Interval) unless otherwise noted. Adjusted for maternal age, payer, ZIP code income quartile, rural residence, hospital region. P < 0.001 for all comparisons
  2. bDelivery at less than 37 weeks gestational age
  3. cMeans are reported with 95% confidence intervals
  4. dCosts are inflation-adjusted to 2015 U.S. dollars (USD)