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Table 5 Prognostic factors for good health estimated by the SF36 subscales Mental health, General health, Role emotional and Bodily pain at 6 years follow-up

From: Prognostic factors for future mental, physical and urogenital health and work ability in women, 45–55 years: a six-year prospective longitudinal cohort study

  MH n = 70
≥ 80a
GH n = 70
≥ 75a
RE n = 71
≥ 87a
BP n = 69
≥ 71a
Predictors p-value Effect sizeb p-value Effect sizeb p-value Effect sizeb p-value Effect sizeb
Agec 0.11 1.4 (0.94–2.0) 0.071 1.2 (0.98–1.5) 0.062 1.2 (0.99–1.5) 0.93 0.99 (0.82–1.2)
Tertiary education 0.47 0.52 (0.092–3.0) 0.14 0.37 (0.10–1.4) 0.085 0.25 (0.050–1.2) 0.88 1.2 (0.33–3.6)
Work abilityd 0.64 2.1 (0.093–48) 0.025 18 (1.4–220) 0.82 1.3 (0.16–10) 0.14 4.3 (0.62–29)
Living with a partner 0.74 1.9 (0.060–58) 0.12 8.3 (0.59–116) 0.017 29 (1.8–460) 0.43 0.37 (0.029–4.5)
Children at home 0.94 1.1 (0.094–13) 0.47 1.7 (0.39–7.6) 0.97 0.97 (0.18–5.3) 0.98 0.98 (0.22–4.4)
Depressione 0.16 0.18 (0.017–1.9) 0.13 0.33 (0.080–1.4) 0.24 0.38 (0.075–2.0) 0.062 0.30 (0.083–1.1)
MRS symptoms
 Somaticf 1.0 0.00 (0.00- ∞) 0.73 0.67 (0.070–6.5) 0.64 0.59 (0.061–1.9) 0.98 0.98 (0.14–7.1)
 Psychologicf 1.0 0.00 (0.00-∞) 0.37 0.46 (0.084–2.5) 0.011 0.11 (0.020–0.61) 0.99 1.01 (0.22–4.6)
 Urogenitalf 0.44 2.1 (0.32–14) 0.52 0.63 (0.16–2.5) 0.74 1.3 (0.23–61) 0.75 1.2 (0.33–4.6)
Active interventiong 0.89 1.2 (0.24–5.2) 0.87 9.1 (0.34–3.6) 0.25 0.43 (0.10–1.8) 0.55 1.4 (0.46–4.3)
Nagelkirke R square   0.35   0.33   0.40   0.22
Hosmer & Lemeshow 0.94   0.33   0.47   0.98  
Area Under Curveg 0.001 0.84 (0.75–0.94) < 0.001 0.79 (0.68–0.90) < 0.001 0.85 (0.75–0.95) 0.001 0.72 (0.60–0.85)
Omnibus test of model 0.13   0.029   0.010   0.28  
  1. aCut of norm for Swedish women 45–54 years, SF36. SF36 Subscales; Mental health (MH), General health (GH), Role emotional (RE) and Bodily pain (BP). Higher score indicated better health
  2. bEffect size is Odds Ratio and (95% CI) for all predictors. First figure is p-value, second figure is predicted probability and CI. The odds ratio increase in score value
  3. cOdds Ratio for an increase in age of 1 year between 45 and 55 years
  4. dWorking more than one hour/week
  5. eMontgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score ≥ 7 indicating at least mild depression. Information is missing in 5 women (66/71)
  6. fMenopause Rating Scale and total Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) scoring. Somatic symptoms - hot flushes, heart discomfort, sleeping problems and muscle and joint problems; Psychological symptoms - depressive mood, irritability, anxiety and physical and mental exhaustion; Urogenital symptoms - sexual problems, bladder problems and vaginal dryness. Higher score indicates more severe symptoms
  7. gThe active group intervention is just as an adjustment and it is not the focus of this study