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Table 2 Distribution of adolescent girls by background characteristics and survey year, ZDHS 1996–2013/14

From: Patterns, trends, and factors associated with contraceptive use among adolescent girls in Zambia (1996 to 2014): a multilevel analysis

Variable ZDHS 96 ZDHS 2001/2 ZDHS 2007 ZDHS 2013/14 Total
N = 1982 N = 1806 N = 1598 N = 2686 N = 9072
Current Contraceptive Use
 No 1831 (92.4%) 1630 (90.3%) 1424 (89.1%) 3296 (89.4%) 8181 (90.2%)
 Yes 151 (7.6%) 176 (9.8%) 174 (10.6%) 390 (10.9%) 891 (9.8%)
Knowledge of Any Modern Method
 Knows no method 247 (12.5%) 127 (7.0%) 150 (9.4%) 162 (4.4%) 686 (7.6%)
 Knows modern method 1728 (87.5%) 1677 (93.0%) 1447 (90.6%) 3519 (95.6%) 8371 (92.4%)
Age
 15 Years 395 (19.9%) 372 (20.6%) 370 (23.2%) 735 (19.9%) 1872 (20.6%)
 16 Years 419 (21.1%) 326 (18.1%) 330 (20.7%) 759 (20.6%) 1834 (20.2%)
 17 Years 369 (18.6%) 325 (18.0%) 303 (19.0%) 674 (18.3%) 1671 (18.8%)
 18 Years 404 (20.4%) 406 (22.5%) 299 (18.7%) 774 (21.0%) 1883 (20.8%)
 19 Years 395 (19.9%) 377 (20.9%) 296 (18.5%) 744 (20.2%) 1812 (20.0%)
Current Marital Status
 Never Married 1435 (74.2%) 1307 (72.4%) 1302 (81.5%) 3058 (83.0%) 7102 (78.3%)
 Married/Living with Partner 501 (25.3%) 449 (24.9%) 270 (16.9%) 572 (15.5%) 1792 (19.8%)
 Widowed/Separated/Divorced 46 (2.3%) 50 (2.8%) 26 (1.6%) 56 (1.5%) 178 (2.0%)
Residence
 Urban 799 (40.3%) 639 (35.4%) 809 (50.6%) 1850 (50.2%) 4097 (45.2%)
 Rural 1183 (59.7%) 1167 (64.6%) 789 (49.4%) 1836 (49.8%) 4975 (454.8%)
Province
 Central 170 (8.6%) 223 (12.4%) 152 (9.5%) 327 (8.9%) 872 (9.6%)
 Copperbelt 309 (15.6%) 235 (13.0%) 190 (11.9%) 417 (11.3%) 1151 (12.7%)
 Eastern 244 (12.3%) 192 (10.6%) 196 (12.3%) 472 (12.8%) 1104 (12.2%)
 Luapula 242 (12.2%) 159 (8.8%) 152 (9.5%) 279 (7.6%) 832 (9.2%)
 Lusaka 274 (13.8%) 204 (11.3%) 224 (14.0%) 434 (11.8%) 1136 (12.5%)
 Muchingaa 340 (9.2%) 1001 (11.0%)
 Northern 204 (10.3%) 288 (16.0%) 169 (10.6%) 352 (9.6%) 821 (9.1%)
 North western 114 (5.8%) 198 (11.0%) 157 (9.8%) 381 (10.3%) 943 (10.4%)
 Southern 205 (10.3%) 166 (9.2%) 191 (12.0%) 377 (10.2%) 905 (10.0%)
 Western 220 (11.1%) 141 (7.8%) 167 (10.5%) 307 (8.3%) 307 (3.4%)
Highest Educational Level
 No education 174 (8.8%) 158 (8.8%) 69 (4.3%) 69 (1.9%) 470 (5.2%)
 Primary 1254 (63.3%) 1073 (59.5%) 756 (47.5%) 1418 (38.6%) 4501 (49.8%)
 Secondary 553 (27.9%) 574 (31.8%) 767 (48.2%) 2183 (59.5%) 4077 (45.0%)
Literacyb
 Cannot Read at All 765 (42.8%) 386 (24.6%) 750 (20.5%) 1901 (27.1%)
 Able to Read Only Parts of Sentence 188 (10.5%) 151 (9.6%) 283 (7.7%) 622 (8.9%)
 Able to Read Whole Sentence 834 (46.7%) 1032 (64.8%) 2621 (71.7%) 4487 64.0%)
  1. a - Data on Muchinga province not available for 1996, 2001/2 and 2007 surveys. Muchinga only became a province in 2011
  2. b - Data on literacy was not collected in the 1996 ZDHS
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