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Table 3 Distribution of adolescent girls aged 15–19 years using contraception by background characteristics, 1996–2013/14

From: Patterns, trends, and factors associated with contraceptive use among adolescent girls in Zambia (1996 to 2014): a multilevel analysis

Current Contraceptive Use 1996 2001/2 2007 2013/14
% N % N % N % N
Marital Status
 Never in union 4.3 1435 4.7 1307 6.8 1302 5.6 3058
 Married/Living with Partner 17.0 416 24.3 449 28.5 270 36.4 572
 Widowed/Separated/Divorced 8.7 46 10.0 50 34.6 26 19.6 56
P-Value 0.000   0.000   0.000   0.000  
Province
 Central 5.3 170 5.4 223 6.6 152 9.8 327
 Copperbelt 6.5 309 11.1 235 6.3 190 6.7 417
 Eastern 9.0 244 7.3 192 13.8 196 11.0 472
 Luapula 2.1 242 13.2 159 3.3 152 5.7 279
 Lusaka 8.0 274 15.7 204 8.5 224 12.7 434
 Muchinga¶ - - - - - - 7.9 340
 Northern 9.3 204 7.6 288 7.1 169 9.1 352
 North western 20.2 114 11.1 198 15.3 157 12.9 381
 Southern 4.9 205 8.4 166 8.9 191 13.5 377
 Western 9.6 220 9.2 141 28.7 167 15.6 307
P-Value 0.000   0.014   0.000   0.000  
Residence
 Urban 8.1 799 11.4 639 10.0 809 10.1 1850
 Rural 7.3 1183 8.8 1167 11.8 789 11.1 1836
P-Value 0.476   0.075   0.255   0.297  
Highest Education Level
 Education 5.8 174 10.1 158 10.1 69 7.3 69
 Primary 7.4 1254 9.2 1073 13.0 756 11.6 1428
 Secondary & Higher 8.7 554 10.6 575 8.9 773 10.0 2197
P-Value 0.407   0.656   0.040   0.199  
Literacy*
 Cannot read at all   9.9 765 15.0 386 12.5 750
 Able to read only par   11.2 188 9.9 151 9.2 283
 Able to read whole se   9.1 834 9.7 1032 10.1 2621
P-Value    0.657   0.015   0.121  
  1. ¶ – Data on Muchinga province not available for 1996, 2001/2 and 2007 surveys. Muchinga only became a province in 2011.
  2. * – Data on literacy was not collected in the 1996 ZDHS
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