Skip to main content

Table 3 Surrogates’ experiences and motivation

From: The social paradoxes of commercial surrogacy in developing countries: India before the new law of 2018

  n/N(a) % 95% CI(b)
Stage of surrogacy at the interview
 Awaiting agreement and pregnancy 15/33 45 [29-63]
 During pregnancy 14/33 42 [26-61]
 After delivery 4/33 12 [4-29]
Previous experience as a surrogate
 Yes 4/32 13 [4-30]
 No 28/32 88 [70-96]
Previous experience as an egg donor
 Yes 15/18 83 [58-96]
 No 3/18 17 [4-42]
Main reason for surrogacy commitment
 Financial 32/33 97 [82-100]
 Other 1/33 3 [0-18]
Comparison of surrogacy with previous job
 Surrogacy is better paid 14/21 67 [43-85]
 Surrogacy offers better working conditions 5/21 24 [9-48]
 No comparison made 2/21 10 [2-32]
Would recommend her daughter to become a surrogate
 Yes 7/13 54 [26-80]
 No 6/13 46 [20-74]
Would recommend surrogacy to another woman
 Yes 17/18 94 [71-100]
 No 1/18 6 [0-29]
Would repeat the surrogacy experience
 Yes 3/15 20 [5-49]
 No 12/15 80 [51-95]
Surrogate thinks that surrogacy is an unaccepted practice in the Indian society
 Yes 30/30 100 [86-100]
 No 0/30 0 [0-14]
Surrogate will keep surrogacy commitment secret
 Yes 28/33 85 [67-94]
 No 5/33 15 [6-33]
Expressed desire to see the child at birth or to have some news
 Yes 10/21 48 [26-70]
 No 11/21 52 [30-74]
Expressed difficulties or apprehension about being a surrogate
 Yes 18/32 56 [38-73]
 No 14/32 44 [27-62]
Why did surrogate think that intended parents would choose / had chosen her (sevezral possible answers)
 Physical criteria 14/26 54% [34-73]
 Already a mother and a wife 12/26 46% [27-66]
 Personality 5/26 19% [7-40]
 Reproductive history 6/26 23% [10-44]
 Chance or the will of God 4/26 15% [5-36]
Intended use of money (several possible answers)
 Children 17/33 52% [34-69]
 Regular expenses 14/33 42% [26-61]
 Pay debts 10/33 30% [16-49]
 Get the family its own home 9/33 27% [14-46]
 Other 5/33 15% [6-33]
Had a preference regarding intended parents (age, marital status, religion or origins)
 Yes 3/21 14% [4-37]
 No 18/21 86% [63-96]
Who suggested surrogacy
 Friends and/or family 17/33 52% [34-69]
 Media, TV 11/33 33% [19-52]
 Broker 3/33 9% [2-25]
 Other 2/33 6% [1-22]
Who took the decision for surrogacy commitment
 Family or marital decision 26/30 87% [68-96]
 Surrogate alone 4/30 13% [4-32]
  1. (a)For each item, the number (N) of surrogates who answered the question is indicated so that the item could be coded
  2. (b)As per recommendations for the analysis of small sample data, confidence intervals were estimated using the Wilson score interval with continuity correction [43]. Contrary to confidence intervals based on the classic approximation by Gaussian law, the Wilson score intervals are non-centered confidence intervals
\