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Table 1 Trauma and demographic variables relating to firearm perceptions in a cohort of IPV-exposed woman

From: Perceptions of firearms in a cohort of women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) in Central Pennsylvania

   Overall** How easy is it for people who live near you to get a gun? Are any firearms kept in or around your home? Does having a gun around make you feel more or less safe?
Very Easy/ Easy Hard/ Impossible   No Yes   Very Safe/ Safe Somewhat Less Safe/ Very Unsafe  
Demographic variables
   mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD) p-value mean (SD) mean (SD) p-value mean (SD) mean (SD) p-value
Age in years n = 266 44.48 (12.13) 44.92 (12.05) 40.91 (11.81) 0.07 44.85 (12.19) 44.06 (12.18) 0.60 43.24 (12.34) 45.54 (11.86) 0.14
   n (%) n (%) n (%) p-value n (%) n (%) p-value n (%) n (%) p-value
Race/ Ethnicity Non-Hispanic white 236 (89%) 194 (86%) 31 (14%) 0.65 128 (55%) 106 (45%) 0.19 129 (58%) 92 (42%) 0.23
non-white 28 (11%) 25 (89%) 3 (11%)   19 (68%) 9 (32%)   13 (46%) 15 (54%)  
Near poverty Yes 42 (17%) 35 (87%) 5 (13%) 0.90 29 (69%) 13 (31%) 0.07 23 (55%) 19 (45%) 0.76
No 210 (83%) 179 (88%) 24 (12%)   112 (54%) 96 (46%)   114 (57%) 85 (43%)  
Urban Yes 121 (46%) 102 (88%) 14 (12%) 0.57 76 (63%) 45 (37%) 0.05* 60 (53%) 53 (47%) 0.23
No 144 (54%) 118 (86%) 20 (14%)   72 (51%) 70 (49%)   83 (61%) 54 (39%)  
Marital status Divorced/ Separated 47 (18%) 42 (89%) 5 (11%) 0.33 35 (74%) 12 (26%) < 0.01* 22 (50%) 22 (50%) 0.48
Married 127 (48%) 103 (85%) 18 (15%)   53 (42%) 73 (58%)   71 (60%) 47 (40%)  
Partnered 60 (23%) 47 (82%) 10 (18%)   36 (61%) 23 (39%)   36 (60%) 24 (40%)  
Widowed/ Single 32 (12%) 29 (97%) 1 (3%)   24 (75%) 8 (25%)   14 (48%) 15 (52%)  
Education High school or less 62 (23%) 51 (85%) 9 (15%) 0.86 35 (56%) 27 (44%) 0.63 35 (58%) 25 (42%) 0.87
Some College 84 (32%) 69 (87%) 10 (13%)   50 (60%) 33 (40%)   46 (58%) 33 (42%)  
College Graduate 119 (45%) 101 (88%) 14 (12%)   63 (53%) 55 (47%)   61 (55%) 50 (45%)  
Interpersonal trauma variables
 Lifetime IPV exposure type Non Physical (Humiliate-Afraid) 93 (35%) 77 (86%) 12 (14%) 0.94 51 (55%) 41 (45%) 0.85 48 (57%) 36 (43%) 0.93
Physical (Rape-Kick) 174 (65%) 145 (87%) 22 (13%)   98 (57%) 75 (43%)   95 (57%) 73 (43%)  
 Past year exposure to IPV Yes 56 (21%) 45 (83%) 9 (17%) 0.41 29 (52%) 27 (48%) 0.45 24 (44%) 30 (56%) 0.04*
No 211 (79%) 177 (88%) 25 (12%)   120 (57%) 89 (43%)   119 (60%) 79 (40%)  
 Unwanted sexual exposure Never 94 (37%) 77 (86%) 13 (14%) 0.77 46 (49%) 47 (51%) 0.11 59 (69%) 27 (31%) 0.01*
Past Year 14 (5%) 12 (92%) 1 (8%)   11 (79%) 3 (21%)   4 (31%) 9 (69%)  
Lifetime 149 (58%) 126 (88%) 18 (12%)   85 (57%) 63 (43%)   77 (53%) 68 (47%)  
 Adverse childhood events T1 (0-1) 96 (37%) 78 (83%) 15 (16%) 0.50 49 (51%) 47 (49%) 0.18 57 (66%) 29 (34%) < 0.01*
T2 (2-3) 78 (3%) 64 (88%) 9 (12%)   42 (55%) 34 (45%)   47 (64%) 27 (36%)  
T3 (4-10) 82 (32%) 71 (90%) 8 (10%)   53 (65%) 29 (35%)   33 (41%) 48 (59%)  
  1. * Significant using p-value of 0.05
  2. **“Overall” percentages refer to those of the column (the entire study cohort); Specific variable column percents refer to the row