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Table 2 Multivariate odds ratios of firearms perceptions among women with a history of exposure to intimate partner violence

From: Perceptions of firearms in a cohort of women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) in Central Pennsylvania

  “How easy is it for people who live near you to get a gun?”a “Are any firearms kept in or around your home?”b “Does having a gun around make you feel safer or less safe?”c
aOR 95% CI aOR 95% CI aOR 95% CI
Age       
 Mean 1.05 (1.00, 1.10)* 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02)
Race/ethnicity       
 Non-white Reference      
 Non-Hispanic White 0.72 (0.17, 3.12) 1.29 (0.48, 3.43) 1.60 (0.63, 4.11)
Near poverty       
 Not near poverty Reference      
 Near poverty 1.12 (0.28, 4.52) 0.99 (0.40, 2.43) 1.24 (0.52, 2.95)
Urban       
 Urban Reference      
 Not urban 0.78 (0.31, 1.97) 0.66 (0.36, 1.22) 0.86 (0.46, 1.60)
Marital status       
 Married Reference      
 Divorced/separated 1.66 (0.42, 6.56) 0.22 (0.09, 0.54)* 0.77 (0.34, 1.74)
 Partnered 1.81 (0.58, 5.62) 0.45 (0.20, 0.97)* 0.93 (0.14, 2.08)
 Widowed/single 6.27 (0.68, 58.12) 0.23 (0.08, 0.67)* 0.40 (0.14, 1.09)
Education       
 College graduate Reference      
 High school or less 0.52 (0.15, 1.83) 0.94 (0.43, 2.08) 1.26 (0.56, 2.84)
 Some college 0.82 (0.27, 2.43) 0.66 (0.32, 1.34) 1.38 (0.66, 2.88)
Lifetime IPV exposure type       
 Non physical (humiliate-afraid) Reference      
 Physical (rape-kick) 1.61 (0.60, 4.33) 1.14 (0.58, 2.24) 1.68 (0.83, 3.40)
Past year exposure to IPV       
 No Reference      
 Yes 0.45 (0.16, 1.23) 1.40 (0.68, 2.88) 0.73 (0.35, 1.50)
Unwanted sexual exposure       
 Never Reference      
 Past year 1.47 (0.14, 15.97) 0.39 (0.08, 1.83) 0.31 (0.07, 1.31)
 Lifetime 0.61 (0.22, 1.72) 0.96 (0.47, 1.93) 0.60 (0.29, 1.26)
Adverse childhood events       
 0–1 events Reference      
 2–3 events 1.28 (0.46, 3.60) 0.77 (0.38, 1.55) 0.75 (0.36, 1.58)
 4–10 events 2.72 (0.76, 9.71) 0.68 (0.32, 1.45) 0.31 (0.14, 0.67)*
  1. aHigher aOR indicates “easier”
  2. bHigher aOR indicates “Yes”
  3. cHigher aOR indicates “safer”
  4. *Indicates significant odds ratios