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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression for selected predictors vs maternal undernutrition and overweigh/obesity, N = 9949

From: Inequalities in maternal malnutrition in Ethiopia: evidence from a nationally representative data

  Model 1: undernutrition Model 2: overweight/obesity
  Adjusted OR 95%CI P Value Adjusted OR 95%CI P Value
Age of the women     < 0.001     < 0.001
15-24RC       
25–34 0.726 0.638–0.827  < 0.001 2.824 2.036–3.918  < 0.001
34 +  0.880 0.752–1.031 0.113 3.002 2.076–4.342  < 0.001
Place of residence       
UrbanRC       
Rural 1.651 1.286–2.121  < 0.001 0.368 0.271–0.0.500  < 0.001
Household size    0.003     < 0.001
0–3RC       
4–6 0.772 0.653–0.913 0.002 0.775 0.567–1.059 0.110
7 and above 0.731 0.607–0.880 0.001 1.242 0.878–1.755 0.220
Education of mothers    0.004    0.015
No educationRC       
Primary level 0.825 0.727–0.935 0.003 1.442 1.125–1.849 0.004
Secondary and above 1.052 0.810–1.365 0.704 1.313 0.929–1.854 0.122
Education of father    0.273     < 0.001
No education       
Primary level 0.943 0.845–1.052 0.292 0.577 0.450–0.741  < 0.001
Secondary and above 0.856 0.697–1.052 0.139 1.218 0.908–1.635 0.189
Religion     < 0.001    0.041
Orthodox ChristiansRC       
Muslims 1.101 0.985–1.230 0.090 1.336 1.067–1.673 0.012
Others 0.647 0.565–0.741  < 0.001 1.157 0.905–1.480 0.244
Wealth status    0.001     < 0.001
PoorestRC       
Poorer 0.784 0.684–0.898  < 0.001 0.886 0.611–1.286 0.525
Middle 0.0.821 0.714–0.944 0.006 0.832 0.566–1.224 0.351
Richer 0.843 0.725–0.979 0.025 1.527 1.078–2.162 0.017
Richest 0.698 0.555–0.876 0.0.002 3.973 2.742–5.758 0.000
Women’s work status       
Not workingRC       
Working 0.932 0.834–1.042 0.0.218 0.0.823 0.673–1.006 0.057
Household headship       
MaleRC       
Female 1.118 0.968–1.291 0.129 0.813 0.642–1.030 0.086
Constant 0.385    < 0.001 0.037    < 0.001
  1. RC = reference category