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Table 3 HIV testing access and utilization among adult women in rural Constanza, Dominican Republic

From: A cross-sectional evaluation of HIV testing practices among women in the rural Dominican Republic

 % (n)
Most recent HIV test, among ever tested (n = 71)
  < 1 year ago45.1 (32)
 1–2 years ago18.3 (13)
  > 2 years ago36.6 (26)
Location of most recent HIV test, among ever tested (n = 71)
 Hospital64.8 (46)
 Private clinic15.5 (11)
 Public clinic in community5.6 (4)
 Public clinic outside community1.4 (1)
 Private residence1.4 (1)
Difficulty accessing HIV test
 Cost of test6.7 (7)
 Cost of transportation6.7 (7)
 Access to transportation6.7 (7)
 Distance13.3 (14)
 Don’t know where to access1.0 (1)
 Husband will not allow1.0 (1)
 Do not feel comfortable accessing10.5 (11)
 Stigma6.7 (7)
 No perceived risk22.9 (24)
 Other1.9 (2)
 No difficulty indicated59.0 (62)
Reasons for unwillingness to take HIV test, among never tested (n = 34)
 Fear of positive result5.9 (2)
 Prefer not to know status0.0 (0)
 Stigma8.8 (3)
 No perceived risk8.8 (3)
 Believe HIV diagnosis does not make a difference0.0 (0)
 Religion0.0 (0)
 Fear tests are used multiple times2.9 (1)
 No reason indicated35.3 (12)
 Prefer not to answer38.2 (13)
Reasons for unwillingness to take HIV test, among unlikely to test (n = 14)
 Fear of positive result0.0 (0)
 Prefer not to know status7.1 (1)
 Stigma7.1 (1)
 No perceived risk50.0 (7)
 Believe HIV diagnosis does not make a difference7.1 (1)
 Religion7.1 (1)
 Prefer not to answer21.4 (3)