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Table 5 General healthcare access and utilization among adult women in rural Constanza, Dominican Republic

From: A cross-sectional evaluation of HIV testing practices among women in the rural Dominican Republic

Characteristic% (n)
Frequency of medical visits
 Twice per year75.2 (79)
 Once per year17.1 (18)
 Once every 1–2 years3.8 (4)
 Less than every 2 years2.9 (3)
 Never1.0 (1)
Last medical visit
 Within past year84.8 (89)
 1–2 years ago8.6 (9)
 More than 2 years ago3.8 (4)
 Never/unsure2.9 (3)
Location of last medical visit
 Hospital49.5 (52)
 Private clinic12.4 (13)
 Public clinic in community20.0 (21)
 Public clinic outside community14.3 (15)
 Other3.8 (4)
Difficulty accessing healthcare, ever
 Yes46.7 (49)
 No53.3 (56)
Barriers to healthcare access
 Cost of healthcare33.3 (35)
 Cost of transportation14.3 (15)
 Access to transportation9.5 (10)
 Distance18.1 (19)
 Don’t know where to access1.9 (2)
 Stigma7.6 (8)
 Feel uncomfortable accessing8.6 (9)
 Family member will not allow3.8 (4)
 Other10.5 (11)
 No barriers indicated40.0 (42)
Pregnant, ever
 Yes92.4 (97)
 No7.6 (8)
Total number of live births
 07.6 (8)
 18.6 (9)
 2–340.0 (42)
 4–521.0 (22)
 6–1019.0 (20)
 More than 103.8 (4)
Location of most recent delivery
 Hospital80.0 (84)
 Outpatient center4.8 (5)
 Someone else’s home1.0 (1)
 Own home4.8 (5)
 Other public clinic1.9 (2)
 Not applicable (no delivery)7.6 (8)
Prenatal vitamin use during last pregnancy
 Yes64.8 (68)
 No/unknown27.6 (29)
 Not applicable (no pregnancy)7.6 (8)
Had Pap test, ever
 Yes68.6 (72)
 No26.7 (28)
 Unknown1.0 (1)
Time of most recent Pap test
 Less than 1 year ago28.6 (30)
 1 to 2 years ago21.0 (22)
 More than 2 years ago21.9 (23)
 Unknown28.6 (30)