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Table 1 Sociodemographic Characteristics of the Sample, Stratified by Time 3 PTSD Service Connection Status and Stratified by Sex

From: Reversals in initially denied Department of Veterans Affairs’ PTSD disability claims after 17 years: a cohort study of gender differences

Characteristic Time 3 PTSD service connection status Sex
SC − 
N = 579
SC + 
N = 337
Men
N = 253
Women
N = 663
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Race/ethnicity     
White 371 (64.1%) 220 (65.3%)*** 164 (64.8%) 427 (64.4%)***
Black or African American 150 (25.9%) 87 (25.8%)*** 64 (25.3%) 173 (26.1%)***
Hispanic 31 (5.4%) 17 (5.0%)*** 16 (6.3%) 32 0(4.8%)***
Other 46 (7.9%) 31 (9.2%)*** 19) 0(7.5% 58 0(8.7%)***
Served during Vietnam Conflict 199 (34.4%) 167 (49.6%)*** 207 (81.8%) 159 (24.0%)***
Married at Time 1 230 (60.3%) 124 (36.8%)*** 122 (48.2%) 232 (35.0%)***
History of combat exposure 220 (38.0%) 184 (54.6%)*** 220 (87.0%) 184 (27.8%)***
History of military sexual assault 273 (47.2%) 173 (51.3%)*** 16 (6.3%) 430 (64.9%)***
Any PTSD diagnosis, 1994–2006 328 (56.6%) 301 (89.3%)*** 180 (71.1%) 449 (67.7%)***
  1. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, SC − not service connected, SC + is service connected
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001