Skip to main content

Table 3 Sex’s association with time 3 PTSD service connection after controlling for other potential confounders

From: Reversals in initially denied Department of Veterans Affairs’ PTSD disability claims after 17 years: a cohort study of gender differences

Controlling for: Association between gender and PTSD service connection Size of effect modification (%)
β SE Wald χ2 df p value OR 95% CI
Nothing (unadjusted) 0.845 0.15 31.26 1 < 0.001 2.33 1.73, 3.13
Service during Vietnam 0.672 0.18 14.32 1 < 0.001 1.96 1.38, 2.77 15.9
PTSD chart diagnosis 0.907 0.16 30.81 1 < 0.001 2.48 1.80, 3.41 6.4
Military sexual assault history 1.420 0.20 51.97 1 < 0.001 4.14 2.81, 6.09 77.7
Combat history 0.630 0.18 12.55 1 < 0.001 1.88 1.33, 2.66 19.3
Sufficient summary scorea 0.420 0.17 6.284 1 0.01 1.52 1.10, 2.11 34.8
  1. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, SE standard error, OR odds ratio; OR > 1 indicates men have greater odds of having PTSD service connection at Time 3 than women. CI confidence intervals
  2. – Not applicable
  3. aSufficient summary score simultaneously adjusts for service during Vietnam, PTSD chart diagnosis, military sexual assault history, and combat history