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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models of unintended last pregnancy on medium to high internalized stigma among women who have ever been pregnant (n = 1116)

From: The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya

  Unadjusted Model Adjusted model
OR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Unintended last pregnancy
 Yes 1.74*** (1.26–2.39) 1.64** (1.16–2.30)
 No Ref   Ref  
Experienced HIV-related discrimination
 Yes 2.02*** (1.48–2.77) 1.79*** (1.25–2.58)
 No Ref   Ref  
Experienced HIV-related violence/abuse
 Yes 1.63*** (1.21–2.20) 1.17 (0.82–1.66)
 No Ref   Ref  
Length of time on ARV treatment
 No treatment/1 year or less 0.83 (0.58–1.18) 0.91 (0.62–1.33)
 More than 1 year Ref   Ref  
Age
 18–24 1.13 (0.62–2.06) 0.96 (0.49–1.90)
 25–29 0.77 (0.48–1.23) 0.78 (0.47–1.29)
 30–34 0.73 (0.47–1.13) 0.72 (0.46–1.15)
 35–39 Ref   Ref  
 40–44 0.98 (0.66–1.45) 0.94 (0.62–1.41)
Marital status
 Single 1.28 (0.51–3.20) 1.06 (0.40–2.81)
 Living together 2.10 (0.94–4.69) 1.76 (0.76–4.04)
 Married Ref   Ref  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 1.39* (1.01–1.92) 1.31 (0.93–1.85)
Number of living children
 0 1.71 (0.73–4.01) 2.00 (0.81–4.93)
 1–2 1.06 (0.73–1.55) 1.04 (0.69–1.58)
 3–4 Ref   Ref  
 5+  0.93 (0.65–1.33) 0.80 (0.54–1.18)
Children living with HIV
 At least 1 0.81 (0.51–1.31) 0.74 (0.45–1.22)
 None/don’t know Ref   Ref  
Education
 None 1.14 (0.70–1.85) 1.09 (0.65–1.81)
 Did not complete primary Ref   Ref  
 Completed primary 0.86 (0.52–1.43) 0.81 (0.48–1.38)
 Secondary or more 3.07 (0.96–9.79) 2.91 (0.84–10.16)
Duration living in same village
 < 10 years 0.92 (0.67–1.27) 0.97 (0.68–1.39)
 ≥ 10 years Ref   Ref  
Sub-County
 Butula Ref   Ref  
 Samia 1.92*** (1.33–2.77) 1.90*** (1.30–2.77)
Self-reported health status
 Poor/don’t know 1.65* (1.02–2.66) 1.44 (0.87–2.38)
 Fair 0.95 (0.69–1.31) 0.87 (0.62–1.21)
 Good Ref   Ref  
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.00