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Table 3 Description of characteristics among groups of adherence of LCD

From: Circulating inflammatory markers may mediate the relationship between low carbohydrate diet and circadian rhythm in overweight and obese women

Variable Low adherence of LCD
n = 79
30.3%
Other groups
n = 212
69.7%
P value* P-ANCOVA**
Age (years) 35.05 ± 8.64 1 37.07 ± 8.41 0.07 0.86
Body weight (kg) 84.19 ± 14.04 79.43 ± 11.25 0.001 0.21
Height (cm) 162.37 ± 5.61 160.88 ± 6.1 0.04 0.2
BMI (kg/m2) 32 ± 5.06 30.69 ± 3.96 0.04 0.02
Sleep night 7.91 ± 1.71 7.56 ± 1.54 0.11 0.62
Sleep day 5.79 ± 17.12 3.42 ± 12.09 0.49 0.79
Stress status 8.5 ± 4.96 7.75 ± 5.06 0.27 0.54
Physical activity (MET-minutes/week 1512.32 ± 2602.91 1096.31 ± 1901.06 0.24 0.08
Blood parameters  
 Glucose (mmol/dl) 87.96 ± 9.41 87.49 ± 9.72 0.7 0.28
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 182.07 ± 31.1 185.96 ± 38.04 0.41 0.95
 TG (mg/dl) 124.56 ± 74.99 121.29 ± 68.94 0.74 0.77
 HDL (mg/dl) 46.21 ± 9.48 46.93 ± 11.34 0.64 0.49
 LDL (mg/dl) 93.61 ± 22.15 95.2 ± 25.27 0.65 0.73
 TGF-β (mg/L) 72.71 ± 22.09 80.03 ± 54.1 0.21 0.81
 IL-1β (mg/L) 2.82 ± 0.84 2.68 ± 0.96 0.59 0.41
 Galectin-3 (ng/ml) 4.89 ± 8.35 3.66 ± 6.6 0.7 0.67
Body composition
 BFM (kg) 36.44 ± 10.33 33.1 ± 10.8 0.01 0.06
 BFP (%) 42.15 ± 6.45 41.28 ± 5.15 0.03 0.06
 FFM 47.94 ± 5.44 46.34 ± 5.58 0.03 0.6
 FFMI 18.16 ± 1.58 17.85 ± 1.46 0.12 0.54
 FMI 13.89 ± 3.91 12.88 ± 3.14 0.04 0.001
 WC (cm) 101.03 ± 10.86 98.19 ± 9.62 0.03 0.52
 VFA (cm) 171.61 ± 42.64 159.94 ± 36.52 0.02 0.1
 ODP (%) 148.84 ± 23.6 142.36 ± 19 0.03 0.01
  1. N: 304; 1: Mean ± SD; BMI, Body mass index; TG, Triglyceride; HDL, High density lipoprotein; LDL, Low density lipoprotein; protein; TGF-β, Transforming growth factor β; Il-1β, Interleukin-1β; BFM, Body fat mass; BFP, Body fat percentage; FFM, Fat free mass; FFMI, Fat free mass index; FMI, Fat mass index; WC, Waist circumference; VFA, Visceral fat area; ODP, Obesity degree percentage
  2. *P-values are resulted from independent t sample test
  3. **P-value reported after adjusting total energy intake, physical activity and education with ANCOVA