Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations between physical activity and environment factor using unadjusted and adjusted linear mixed-effects regression models

From: An ecological momentary assessment study of physical activity behaviors among mothers of toddlers from low-income households

  Unadjusted Modela Adjusted Modelab
Between subject Within subject Between subject Within subject
β
(95% CI)
p β
(95% CI)
p β
(95% CI)
p β
(95% CI)
p
Television: off 146.41
(21.35, 271.47)
0.022 164.60
(130.25, 198.94)
 < .001 121.02
(− 6.83, 248.88)
0.063 164.81
(130.45, 199.17)
 < .001
Adults nearby: no 151.51
(31.24, 271.78,)
0.014 − 9.26
(− 44.92, 26.41)
0.611 164.79
(46.95, 282.63)
0.006 − 11.34
(47.31, 24.62)
0.536
Children nearby: no 40.54
(− 90.62, 171.70)
0.543 45.21
(6.06, 84.35)
0.024 41.50
(− 87.61, 170.62)
0.527 42.71
(3.43, 82.00)
0.033
Engaging with child: yes − 25.68
(− 189.30, 137.94)
0.757 88.23
(50.79, 125.67.39)
 < .001 − 13.77
(− 180.45, 152.91)
0.871 90.15
(52.66, 127.63)
 < .001
Physical Location: Outside 202.42
(− 105.64, 510.48)
0.197 333.89
(276.52, 391.26)
 < .001 258.48
(− 45.50, 562.47)
0.095 335.21
(277.74, 392.67)
 < .001
  1. Note: Boldface indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)
  2. aNon-normalized activity counts are used in both models due to similarity to log-transformed activity counts
  3. bModel adjusted for maternal age, time of day, maternal BMI, recruitment location, and number of children