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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the respondents and their association with stigma (Hangzhou, China; 2017–2018)

From: The social stigma of infertile women in Zhejiang Province, China: a questionnaire-based study

Variable Cases Percentage (%) Stigma score P value
Age (year)     0.61
 20–25 11 4.33 52.27 ± 30.00  
 26–35 164 64.57 55.91 ± 22.33  
 36–45 73 28.74 58.64 ± 19.1  
 46–50 6 2.36 49.5 ± 28.51  
Education level     < 0.01
 Elementary school 5 1.97 81.4 ± 15.96  
 Junior high school 62 24.41 63.34 ± 21.10  
 High school 40 15.75 53.95 ± 24.94  
 Secondary school 21 8.27 56.24 ± 16.61  
 College 47 18.5 53.17 ± 22.88  
 Bachelor’s degree 69 27.17 52.88 ± 20.6  
 Master’s degree and above 10 3.94 50.1 ± 16.86  
Monthly Income (Yuan)     < 0.01
 < 3000 33 12.99 71.97 ± 20.39  
 3000–6000 88 34.64 55.21 ± 22.55  
 6000–10,000 77 30.31 55.27 ± 20.92  
  > 10,000 56 22.05 50.63 ± 20.19  
Whether the patient is an only child     0.95
 Yes 60 23.62 56.23 ± 20.70  
 No 194 76.38 56.43 ± 22.33  
Whether the husband is an only child     0.26
 Yes 90 35.43 54.28 ± 21.78  
 No 164 64.57 57.54 ± 21.97  
Family types     0.41
 Living with the husband only 114 44.88 55.93 ± 21.02  
 Living with the husband and parents-in-law 103 40.55 57.83 ± 23.07  
 Living with the husband and own parents 23 9.06 49.96 ± 18.00  
 Living with the husband, his brother’s family and parents-in-law 14 5.51 60.14 ± 27.27  
Work status     < 0.01
 Yes 163 64.17 53.27 ± 20.29  
 No 91 35.83 61.67 ± 23.80  
Medical payment status     0.03
 Insurance-paid 84 33.07 52.13 ± 21.34  
 Self-paid 170 66.93 58.51 ± 22.02  
Marital status     0.24
 First marriage 220 86.61 55.87 ± 22.07  
 Remarriage 34 13.39 60.59 ± 20.45  
Previous pregnancy     0.72
 Yes 164 64.57 56.13 ± 21.52  
 No 90 35.43 57.18 ± 22.63  
Fetal number     0.48
 First 181 71.26 56.93 ± 22.67  
 Second 73 28.74 54.75 ± 20.15  
Infertility cause     0.047
 Ovulation disorder 17 6.69 50.41 ± 18.67  
 Tubal factor 145 57.09 50.52 ± 22.12  
 Endometrial factor 49 19.29 52.63 ± 23.26  
 Unknown factor 43 16.93 59.86 ± 19.26  
Duration of infertility (years)     0.017
 < 3 25 9.84 48.45 ± 19.18  
 3–5 112 44.09 53.97 ± 20.19  
 > 5 117 46.06 60.48 ± 23.64