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Table 1 Demographic variables of interest and partner communication among survey participants in Rwanda at baseline (n = 606)a

From: Predictors of postpartum family planning in Rwanda: the influence of male involvement and healthcare experience

  n (%)
Age (years)
17–25 198 (32.7)
26–35 302 (49.8)
36–46 105 (17.3)
Education level
None or some primary 275 (45.2)
Completed primary or some secondary 262 (43.1)
Completed secondary or some/completed university 65 (10.7)
Occupation
Farmer 439 (72.4)
Homemaker 66 (10.9)
Small business owner 40 (6.6)
Unemployed 36 (5.9)
Government or private employee 12 (2.0)
Student 5 (0.8)
Undeclared 8 (1.3)
Earn money for household 106 (18.06)
Cooking fuel type
Wood/Other solid fuel 596 (98.5)
Kerosene/Gas 9 (1.5)
Place for cooking
Indoor 110 (18.6)
Outdoor 481 (81.4)
Food security: food availability in last monthb
Stressed to find enough food for family 353 (58.1)
Missed food due to affordability 331 (54.4)
Stressed to run out of food 333 (54.8)
Run out of food before expected 289 (47.6)
Gone whole day with no food 140 (23.3)
Middle upper arm circumference (MUAC)c
 < 21 cm 7 (1.4)
 > 21 cm 484 (94.3)
Tobacco use/exposure
Smoking while pregnant 5 (0.8)
Smoking in home 37 (6.1)
Alcohol use during pregnancy 84 (13.8)
HIV test result
Positive 8 (1.6)
Negative 480 (97.8)
Unknown 3 (0.6)
History of diabetes 4 (0.8)
History of hypertension 5 (1.0)
Gravidityd   
1 122 (23.8)
2 103 (20.1)
3 99 (19.3)
4 87 (17.0)
5 +  102 (19.9)
Paritye   
0 133 (25.9)
1 107 (20.9)
2 99 (19.3)
3 84 (16.4)
4 37 (7.2)
5 +  53 (10.3)
Attended PNC with previous pregnancyf 125 (24.2)
Can discuss any matter related to pregnancy openly with partner 521 (86.1)
  1. aInformation not available for some participants; bYes/No statement, yes answers listed; cThe cut-off of < 21 cm for the MUAC variable identifies pregnant women with nutrition intake most at risk for low birth weight deliveries; < 23 cm is considered a conservative estimate [52]; d includes those ended in abortion; individuals pregnant with twins recorded as gravid 1; e most often women do not include stillbirths and infants who died shortly after birth; fcalculated only for women with reported parity ≥ 1; PNC = postnatal care