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Table 7 Multivariable logistic regression of associations between workplace incivility, bullying, sexual harassment, demographic and work-related characteristics of participants

From: Workplace gender-based violence and associated factors among university women in Enugu, South-East Nigeria: an institutional-based cross-sectional study

*Variables Workplace incivility Workplace bullying Sexual harassment P-value
AOR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Age       
18–34 years 1.00   1.00   1.00  
35–49 years 0.15 (0.06, 0.40)  < 0.000 2.50 (1.16, 5.40) 0.020 1.25 (0.56, 2.78) 0.582
 ≥ 50 years 0.04 (0.01, 0.14)  < 0.000 0.39 (0.16, 0.94) 0.035 0.51 (0.20, 1.27) 0.148
Academic qualification       
SSCE 1.00   1.00   1.00  
OND/NCE 1.86 (0.61, 5.67) 0.273 0.32 (0.12, 0.89) 0.030 0.31 (0.09, 1.05) 0.059
B.Sc./B.Ed./B.A./equiv 2.02 (0.80, 5.13) 0.140 0.32 (0.13, 0.80) 0.015 1.64 (0.59, 4.53) 0.344
M.Sc./M.Ed./M.A./equiv 0.88 (0.33, 2.35) 0.791 0.53 (0.21, 1.32) 0.171 2.78 (0.99, 7.76) 0.052
Doctoral degree (PhD) 8.32 (2.01, 34.38) 0.003 1.11 (0.41, 2.99) 0.837 3.57 (1.24, 10.34) 0.019
Marital status       
Married 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Single 1.51 (0.53, 4.26) 0.438 0.36 (0.14, 0.88) 0.025 0.19 (0.06, 0.58) 0.003
Separated/divorced 0.71 (0.22, 2.28) 0.569 0.27 (0.08, 0.88) 0.029 0.74 (0.24, 2.34) 0.609
Widowed 1.63 (0.43, 6.12) 0.473 1.00 (0.33, 3.09) 0.995 1.67 (0.48, 5.77) 0.419
Employment status       
Permanent appointment 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Temporal appointment 6.99 (1.48, 32.94) 0.014 7.79 (2.26, 26.91) 0.001 91.26 (14.27, 583.4)  < 0.000
Casual/Contract 19.9 (3.10, 128.4) 0.002 29.93(4.57, 196.2)  < 0.000 73.81 (7.26, 750.78)  < 0.000
Work experience       
 < 5 years 1.00   1.00   1.00  
5–9 years 1.22 (0.43, 3.49) 0.705 0.33 (0.12, 0.89) 0.029 1.08 (0.37, 3.12) 0.889
 ≥ 10 years 23.36 (8.19, 66.7)  < 0.000 3.71 (1.75, 7.86) 0.001 3.94 (1.85, 8.42)  < 0.000
Salary grade level       
aCONTISS II Grade 01–05 1.00   1.00   1.00  
bCONTISS II Grade 06–10 2.73 (1.03, 7.22) 0.043 1.15 (0.49, 2.69) 0.747 1.63 (0.66, 3.99) 0.288
cCONTISS II Grade 11–15 1.40 (0.61, 3.18) 0.429 0.70 (0.32, 1.55) 0.377 0.59 (0.24, 1.45) 0.249
dCONUASSII Grade 01–04 9.14 (3.08, 27.08)  < 0.000 1.22 (0.53, 2.18) 0.639 2.92 (1.25, 6.84) 0.014
eCONUASSII Grade 05–07 1.26 (0.52, 3.08) 0.611 1.02 (0.45, 2.33) 0.965 0.97 (0.38, 2.46) 0.948
  1. OND, Ordinary National Diploma; NCE, National Certificate of Examination; B.Sc., Bachelor of Science; B.Ed., Bachelor of Education; B.A., Bachelor of Arts; M.Sc., Master of Science; M.Ed., Master of Education; M.A., Master of Arts; equiv., Equivalent; CONTISS II, The Consolidated Tertiary Institutions Salary Structure II; CONUASS II, The Consolidated University Academic Staff Salary Structure II; aCONTISS II, Annual gross salary from step 01–15; bCONTISS II, Annual gross salary from step 01–11; cCONTISS II, Annual gross salary from step 01–09; dCONUASS II, Annual gross salary from step 01–09; eCONUASS II, Annual gross salary from step 01–09; AOR, adjusted Odds Ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; 1.00, reference group; *Variables, only variables with p ≤ 0.05 were entered into the multivariable logistic regression, staff category and type of institution were not included in the model
  2. ***p < .0001; ** p < .001; * p < .05