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Table 2 Comparison of the prevalence of FGM in Iraqi Kurdistan Region by different variables between 2011 and 2018

From: Changes in the prevalence and trends of female genital mutilation in Iraqi Kurdistan Region between 2011 and 2018

Variable Sample size and prevalence of characteristic FGM
2011 2018 P value 2011 2018 Relative change in %a
No % No % No % (95% CI) No % (95% CI)
Age           
15–19 2176 (19.1) 523 (16.8) < 0.001 807 37.1 (35.1–39.1) 118 22.6 (19.0–26.1) − 39.2
20–24 2228 (19.6) 508 (16.3)   977 43.9 (41.8–45.9) 127 25.0 (21.2–28.8) − 43
25–29 1977 (17.4) 469 (15.0)   1011 51.1 (48.9–53.3) 159 33.9 (29.6–38.2) − 33.7
30–34 1634 (14.4) 513 (16.5)   906 55.4 (53.0–57.9) 192 37.4 (33.2–41.6) − 32.5
35–39 1493 (13.1) 435 (14.0)   839 56.2 (53.7–58.7) 174 40.0 (35.4–44.6) − 28.8
40–44 1090 (9.6) 385 (12.4)   650 59.6 (56.7–62.5) 182 47.3 (42.3–52.3) − 20.7
45–49 786 (6.9) 284 (9.1)   503 64.0 (60.6–67.4) 141 49.6 (43.8–55.5) − 22.4
Education           
None 3353 (29.5) 489 (15.7) < 0.001 2079 62.0 (60.4–63.6) 243 49.7 (45.3–54.1) − 19.9
Primary 3919 (34.4) 841 (27.0)   2031 51.8 (50.3–53.4) 382 45.4 (42.1–48.8) − 12.4
Secondary +  4112 (36.1) 1787 (57.3)   1583 38.5 (37.0–40.0) 468 26.2 (24.2–28.2) − 32
Wealth index quintiles           
Poorest 3276 (28.8) 91 (2.9) < 0.001 2000 61.1 (59.4–62.7) 34 37.4 (27.4–47.3) − 38.8
Second 3071 (27.0) 100 (3.2)   1603 52.2 (50.4–54.0) 38 38.0 (28.5–47.5) − 27.2
Middle 2440 (21.4) 191 (6.1)   1171 48.0 (46.0–50.0) 83 43.5 (36.4–50.5) − 9.5
Fourth 1541 (13.5) 450 (14.4)   608 39.5 (37.0–41.9) 165 36.7 (32.2–41.1) − 7.1
Richest 1056 (9.3) 2285 (73.3)   311 29.5 (26.7–32.2) 773 33.8 (31.9–35.8) 14.9
Area           
Urban 7548 (66.3) 2577 (82.7) < 0.001 3662 48.5 (47.4–49.6) 908 35.2 (33.4–37.1) − 27.4
Rural 3836 (33.7) 540 (17.3)   2031 52.9 (51.4–54.5) 185 34.3 (30.3–38.3) − 35.3
  1. a(FGM prevalence in 2018 − FGM prevalence in 2011)/FGM prevalence in 2011