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Fig. 3 | BMC Women's Health

Fig. 3

From: Effects  of rural–urban residence and education on intimate partner violence among women in Sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis of health survey data

Fig. 3Fig. 3Fig. 3Fig. 3Fig. 3Fig. 3Fig. 3Fig. 3

a The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence among women aged 15–24 years in rural areas, compared to women of the same age group in urban areas, by region of Africa. The dotted vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the types of residence. b The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence among women aged 15–24 years in rural areas, compared to women of the same age group in urban areas, by period. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the types of residence. c The excess of overall Intimate Partner Violence prevalence among women aged 25–49 years in rural areas, compared to women of the same age group in urban areas, by region of Africa. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the types of residence. d The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence among women aged 25–49 years in rural areas, compared to women of the same age group in urban areas, by period. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the types of residence. e The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence in women aged 15–24 with less than a secondary education, compared to women with at least a secondary school education, by region of Africa. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the education levels. f The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence in women aged 15–24 with less than a secondary education, compared to women with at least a secondary school education, by region of Africa. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the education levels. g The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence in women aged 25–49 with less than a secondary education, compared to women with at least a secondary school education, by region of Africa. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the education levels. h The excess of Intimate Partner Violence prevalence in women aged 25–49 with less than a secondary education, compared to women with at least a secondary school education, by period. The broken vertical line represents the pooled risk ratio, with its 95% confidence interval. The solid vertical line at the value of 1 represents no difference in IPV rates between the education levels

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