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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of cervical cancer prevention and pap smears in two low-income communities in Lima, Peru

Characteristics Pampas Oasis Total P-Value
(n = 101) (n = 123) (n = 224)
% (n) % (n) % (n)
Education     
None/primary only 31.7 (32) 26.8 (33) 29.0 (65) 0.426
Secondary or more 68.3 (69) 73.2 (90) 71.0 (159)
Civil status*     
In a relationship (married/living together) 60.4 (61) 84.6 (104) 73.6 (165)  < 0.001
Single (separated, divorced, widowed, single mother) 39.6 (40) 15.4 (19) 26.4 (59)
Number of children*     
0 children 17.8 (18) 1.6 (2) 8.9 (20)  < 0.001
1–3 children 52.5 (53) 71.5 (88) 62.95 (141)
4 or more children 29.7 (30) 26.8 (33) 28.1 (63)
Occupation*     
Job requiring higher educationa 8.9 (9) 0.0 (00) 4.0 (9)  < 0.001
Job with higher education not necessaryb 14.9 (15) 16.3 (20) 15.6 (35)
Homemaker 52.5 (53) 71.5 (88) 62.9 (141)
Student 12.9 (13) 0.8 (1) 6.3 (14)
Other 10.9 (11) 11.4 (14) 11.2 (25)
Monthly per capita income     
Less than or equal to 500 PEN (~ 156 USD) 18.8 (19) 20.3 (25) 19.6 (44) 0.777
More than 500 PEN 81.2 (82) 79.7 (79) 80.4 (180)
Type of Health insurancec     
Seguro Integral de Salud (SIS) 45.5 (46) 70.7 (87) 59.4 (133)  < 0.001
EsSalud 24.8 (25) 21.1 (26) 22.8 (51)
Private 4.0 (04) 0.0 (00) 1.8 (04)
None 25.7 (26) 8.1 (10) 16.1 (36)
Median age (range)* 39 (18–83) 32 (20–64) 34 (18–83)  < 0.001
Median number of people per household (range) 5 (2–13) 5 (2–17) 5 (2–17) 0.227
Median number of children (range) 2 (0–9) 3 (0–7) 2 (0–9) 0.224
Premenopausal and received a Pap smear in the last year* 9.9 (10) 45.5 (56) 29.5 (66)  < 0.001
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. aExamples include business person, administrator, health or education professional, office worker, professional work
  3. bExamples include salesperson, public transportation charger, waitress, maid, gas attendant, among others
  4. cMost people in Peru are covered by SIS (about 60%), another large segment of the population is covered by EsSalud which covers individuals who are salaried by any type of employer, and a small percentage are covered by private insurance. Those without insurance must represent women who made enough income to not qualify for SIS, but who did not have EsSalud