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Table 3 Differences of mean scores for parent efficacy, social support (SS) and SS subscales within the family form: one parent (N = 65), two parents (N = 51), extended (N = 25) and guardian-skip generation (N = 11)

From: A comparison of the relationship between parental efficacy and social support systems of single teen mothers across different family forms in South African low socioeconomic communities

  Mean Standard deviation Standard error 95% Confidence interval of the difference Min Max
Lower Upper
One parent
 Parental efficacy 3.04 0.76 0.09 2.85 3.23 1.94 5.71
 Social support 2.56 0.67 0.84 2.39 2.73 1.17 3.88
 Guidance 2.53 0.81 0.10 2.33 2.74 1.00 4.00
 Reassurance of worth 2.31 0.73 0.91 2.12 2.49 1.00 4.00
 Social integration 2.46 0.76 0.94 2.27 2.65 1.00 4.00
 Attachment 2.52 0.65 0.81 2.36 2.69 1.00 4.00
 Opportunity for nurturance 2.45 0.78 0.97 2.25 2.64 1.00 4.00
 Reliable alliance 2.39 0.83 0.10 2.18 2.59 1.00 4.00
Two parent
 Parental efficacy 3.07 0.57 0.08 2.91 3.23 2.24 4.53
 Social support 2.60 0.63 0.89 2.42 2.78 1.33 4.00
 Guidance 2.45 0.78 0.10 2.23 2.67 1.00 4.00
 Reassurance of worth 2.32 0.66 0.93 2.13 2.51 1.00 4.00
 Social integration 2.50 0.68 0.95 2.13 2.70 1.00 3.75
 Attachment 2.62 0.63 0.88 2.44 2.80 1.25 4.00
 Opportunity for nurturance 2.58 0.80 0.11 2.36 2.81 1.00 4.00
 Reliable alliance 2.49 0.78 0.10 2.27 2.71 1.00 4.00
Extended
 Parental efficacy 3.21 0.66 0.13 2.94 3.49 2.00 5.24
 Social support 2.90 0.50 0.10 2.69 3.11 1.71 3.96
 Guidance 2.91 0.67 0.13 2.62 3.19 1.00 4.00
 Reassurance of worth 2.67 0.57 0.11 2.43 2.90 1.25 3.75
 Social integration 2.79 0.57 0.11 2.55 3.02 1.50 4.00
 Attachment 2.77 0.57 0.11 2.53 3.00 1.25 4.00
 Opportunity for nurturance 2.82 0.55 0.11 2.59 3.04 1.50 4.00
 Reliable alliance 2.86 0.69 0.13 2.57 3.14 1.25 4.00
Guardian-skip generation
 Parental efficacy 3.81 0.52 0.15 2.45 3.16 1.94 3.35
 Social support 2.89 0.50 0.15 2.55 3.23 1.75 3.50
 Guidance 2.93 0.71 0.21 2.45 3.41 1.25 3.75
 Reassurance of worth 2.36 0.47 0.14 2.04 2.68 1.75 3.25
 Social integration 2.79 0.63 0.19 2.37 3.21 1.50 3.50
 Attachment 2.81 0.48 0.14 2.49 3.14 1.75 3.50
 Opportunity for nurturance 2.86 0.59 0.17 2.46 3.26 1.50 3.25
 Reliable alliance 2.95 0.73 0.22 2.46 3.44 1.75 4.00