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Table 1. Demographic, sexual habits and clinical data of woman treated in public health care, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil

From: Trichomonas vaginalis as a risk factor for human papillomavirus: a study with women undergoing cervical cancer screening in a northeast region of Brazil

  Total (N = 562) Trichomonas vaginalis p value
Yes (N = 107) No (N = 455)  
N % N % N %
Age        
< 29 years 155 27.58 30 19.35 125 80.65 0.473
30–49 years 272 48.40 56 20.59 216 79.41  
50+ years 135 24.02 21 15.56 114 84.44  
Skin color        
White 56 9.96 5 8.93 51 91.07 0.042
Non-white 506 90.04 102 20.16 404 79.84  
Relationship status        
With partner 267 47.51 51 19.10 216 80.90 0.972
Single 295 52.49 56 18.98 239 81.02  
Education level        
Elementary school 196 34.88 41 20.92 155 79.08 0.707
High-school level 295 52.49 53 17.97 242 82.03  
Graduate school 71 12.63 13 18.31 58 81.69  
Smoking status        
No 508 90.39 95 18.70 413 81.30 0.531
Yes 54 9.61 12 22.22 42 77.78  
Alcohol consumption        
No 349 62.10 65 18.62 284 81.38 0.749
Yes 213 37.90 42 19.72 171 80.28  
Condom use        
No 433 77.05 73 16.86 360 83.14 0.016
Yes 129 22.95 34 26.36 95 73.64  
Menarche        
Before 13 years old 342 60.9 52 48.6 290 63.7 0.004
After 13 years old 220 39.1 55 51.4 165 36.3  
Anal sex        
No 180 32.03 38 21.11 142 78.89 0.390
Yes 382 67.97 69 18.06 313 81.94  
Oral sex        
No 25 4.45 3 12.00 22 88.00 0.359
Yes 537 95.55 104 19.37 433 80.63  
Cytological abnormality        
No 514 91.5 86 80.4 428 94.1 0.001
ASC-US 16 2.8 6 5.6 10 2.2  
LGSIL 16 2.8 8 7.5 8 1.8  
ASC-H 6 1.1 4 3.7 2 0.4  
HGSIL 4 0.7 3 2.8 1 0.2  
CIN II + CIN III 6 1.1 0 0 6 1.3  
HPV        
No 299 53.2 28 26.2 271 59.6 0.001
Yes 263 46.8 79 73.8 184 40.4  
  1. Bold values indicate the results were considered statically significant when p ≤ 0.05
  2. ASCUS atypical squamous cells of unknown significance, ASCH atypical squamous cells of indeterminate significance, LGSIL Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion, HGSIL high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, CIN II cervical intraepithelial neoplasia II, CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III