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Table 3 Distribution of perception of women about FGC discontinuation according to 5-year birth cohort by background characteristics

From: Cohort analysis of the state of female genital cutting in Nigeria: prevalence, daughter circumcision and attitude towards its discontinuation

Background variables 5-year cohort according to year of birth
1959–1963 1964–1968 1969–1973 1974–1978 1979–1983 1984–1988 1989–1993 1994–1998 1999–2003
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Total 1073(72.7) 1864(74.4) 1271(78.5) 1268(77.0) 1516(77.9) 1567(76.4) 1761(73.2) 1637(73.3) 1713(75.9)
Religion 36.3* 101.3* 53.1* 167.3* 196.3* 234.3* 250.8* 236.9* 174.4*
 Christian 714(77.8) 1148(82.1) 839(84.4) 809(88.9) 968(89.6) 971(89.9) 1022(88.0) 896(89.2) 954(88.3)
 Islam 329(65.9) 691(65.1) 425(69.1) 447(61.8) 536(63.0) 587(61.1) 727(59.3) 735(60.2) 750(64.5)
 Others 30(51.7) 25(54.3) 7(70.0) 12(85.7) 12(80.0) 9(81.8) 12(75.0) 6(66.7) 9(64.3)
Ethnicity 62.1* 99.8* 85.8* 185.9* 164.3* 264.1* 244.1* 245.7* 164.3*
 Hausa/F 167(68.4) 485(65.7) 253(64.9) 278(55.9) 335(59.3) 368(54.8) 473(54.5) 501(55.7) 531(61.6)
 Igbo 275(73.9) 376(78.2) 403(85.0) 321(89.7) 371(87.7) 376(87.4) 403(85.6) 346(88.7) 413(87.3)
 Yoruba 212(59.6) 330(66.1) 191(71.0) 241(80.6) 267(81.7) 255(81.0) 245(82.5) 259(80.7) 250(79.1)
 Others 419(83.3) 673(85.3) 424(87.2) 428(86.8) 543(86.1) 568(89.3) 640(83.2) 531(85.4) 519(85.8)
Region 47.3* 106.2* 76.5* 207.3* 186.6* 274.9* 262.4* 254.2* 157.9*
 North Cent 141(77.5) 187(83.1) 160(86.5) 157(84.4) 234(85.7) 194(81.2) 256(77.1) 237(81.2) 215(83.7)
 North East 135(90.0) 206(77.7) 189(80.1) 190(74.5) 252(75.0) 283(75.7) 373(71.9) 337(70.2) 290(72.5)
 North West 141(66.2) 425(64.1) 188(63.1) 182(50.3) 207(53.6) 223(49.1) 276(48.9) 309(51.4) 376(59.8)
 South East 246(74.1) 335(77.2) 368(85.4) 275(89.0) 303(86.8) 292(85.1) 326(85.3) 296(88.1) 351(87.1)
 South South 196(76.0) 389(88.2) 185(86.0) 227(88.7) 241(88.9) 296(94.6) 262(88.8) 196(92.5) 232(89.2)
 South West 214(62.9) 322(67.2) 181(71.3) 237(84.9) 279(84.3) 279(84.8) 268(85.6) 262(84.0) 249(81.1)
Residence 0.109NS 3.5NS 2.3NS 30.1* 43.9* 36.2* 78.9* 78.6* 69.8*
 Urban 397(73.2) 862(76.1) 621(80.1) 621(83.2) 789(84.4) 820(82.2) 886(82.1) 794(82.9) 888(83.9)
 Rural 676(72.5.) 1002(72.9) 650(77.0) 647(71.8) 727(71.9) 747(70.9) 875(66.0) 843(66.1) 825(68.9)
Education 24.1* 52.2* 66.8* 178.4* 222.2* 267.2* 256.7* 290.8* 192.9*
 None 469(67.9) 735(68.1) 392(69.1) 360(59.3) 364(58.0) 367(54.6) 423(53.2) 346(50.6) 292(54.4)
 Primary 313(74.0) 506(77.5) 400(85.3) 300(84.3) 290(84.1) 249(84.4) 220(77.5) 169(71.0) 164(74.2)
 Secondary 164(76.6) 393(76.8) 303(76.9) 398(86.1) 556(86.5) 602(85.8) 772(82.0) 799(83.4) 1187(83.4)
 Higher 127(86.4) 230(87.8) 176(93.1) 210(94.6) 306(92.7) 349(91.1) 346(89.9) 323(91.5) 70(93.3)
Wealth Ind. 7.21NS 84.3* 42.1* 155.1* 154.5* 177.7* 185.9* 244.0* 128.2*
 Poorest 149(73.4) 239(59.2) 169(66.0) 153(52.6) 197(57.8) 212(55.6) 240(51.1) 211(48.6) 243(60.6)
 Poorer 194(68.6) 320(69.7) 215(75.2) 203(71.7) 205(69.7) 213(65.9) 304(68.5) 280(64.8) 289(68.0)
 Middle 243(70.8) 386(77.7) 323(83.0) 247(77.7) 271(76.3) 286(78.8) 359(76.7) 345(77.7) 362(76.1)
 Richer 245(73.1) 488(77.0) 295(78.2) 292(87.2) 374(85.4) 362(83.2) 433(82.5) 427(84.6) 405(81.3)
 Richest 242(77.8) 431(84.0) 269(86.5) 373(88.8) 469(90.5) 494(89.8) 425(85.3) 374(89.5) 414(90.8)
Marital Stat. 0.120NS 5.61NS 11.1** 6.64*** 18.3** 27.5* 71.1* 153.2* 108.9*
 Never mar. 10(76.9) 20(87.0) 35(89.7) 32(86.5) 83(90.2) 157(91.3) 364(90.1) 712(88.8) 1382(81.3)
 Curr. Mar. 891(72.7) 1534(73.5) 975(76.8) 1087(76.0) 1301(76.4) 1313(74.5) 1341(69.7) 890(64.5) 323(59.4)
 Separated/D 172(72.9) 310(78.1) 261(84.2) 149(83.2) 132(87.4) 97(82.9) 56(73.7) 35(67.3) 8(66.7)
Partner’s Ed. 30.1* 64.3* 33.5* 166.5* 240.1* 199.7* 174.9* 183.3* 29.0*
 None 375(67.1) 660(66.5) 265(67.4) 242(54.8) 218(50.0) 276(52.5) 305(49.8) 216(42.4) 143(51.6)
 Primary 328(72.2) 476(76.0) 257(80.8) 226(84.3) 253(83.2) 202(85.6) 182(76.8) 124(74.7) 38(54.3)
 Secondary 186(75.6) 357(79.2) 255(78.2) 370(82.4) 505(84.6) 515(82.7) 571(79.6) 403(78.4) 100(70.4)
 Higher 168(87.0) 339(85.4) 186(86.1) 242(92.0) 319(90.1) 314(85.8) 272(80.5) 144(80.0) 40(83.3)
 Don’t know 3(75.0) 5(83.3) 12(70.6) 7(77.8) 6(50.0) 6(50.0) 11(52.4) 3(30.0) 2(28.6)
CRR 284.2* 503.1* 374.2* 310.0* 472.1* 486.1* 657.4* 627.4* 702.6*
 No 899(84.0) 1571(84.1) 1144(87.3) 1124(85.7) 1379(87.0) 1408(86.3) 1571(85.1) 1467(85.4) 1540(88.0)
 Yes 101(34.8) 118(30.0) 84(32.9) 102(36.8) 99(31.4) 106(30.8) 127(26.7) 114(26.1) 103(25.6)
 Don’t know 71(62.8) 175(71.4) 43(79.6) 42(71.2) 38(82.6) 53(69.7) 63(74.1) 56(70.9) 70(68.0)
CSR 292.4* 132.1* 106.3* 76.7* 138.4* 198.7* 277.3* 302.4* 457.8*
 No 595(96.0) 1021(84.9) 760(88.4) 812(84.7) 1060(86.0) 1166(85.5) 1385(82.9) 1340(63.1) 1384(88.3)
 Yes 475(55.8) 779(64.6) 469(66.9) 414(65.8) 389(62.0) 345(56.5) 308(48.6) 230(44.4) 251(44.0)
  1. Bold values shows Chi square value of each variable
  2. CRR circumcision required by religion, CSR circumcision status of the respondent, n number of cases of females circumcised within the group; *p < 0.001; **p < 0.01, ***p<0.05; ns not statistically significant at 5%