Skip to main content

Table 3 Distributions and chi-square test statistics of the factors influencing women's exposure to sexual violence

From: Determination of the factors affecting sexual violence against women in Turkey: a population-based analysis

Variables History of experiencing sexual violence n (%) χ2 P
No Yes
Survey year
 2008 9849 (62) 1867 (71.4) 11,716 (63.3) 86.62 < .001
 2014 6048 (38) 747 (28.6) 6795 (36.7)   
Health condition
 Perfect/good 7341 (46.2) 725 (27.7) 8066 (43.6) 503.99 < .001
 Not bad 6533 (41.1) 1177 (45) 7710 (41.7)   
 Bad/very bad 2018 (12.7) 711 (27.2) 2729 (14.7)   
First-degree relative violence
 No 14,258 (89.7) 2104 (80.6) 16,362 (88.4) 183.29 < .001
 Yes 1637 (10.3) 508 (19.4) 2145 (11.6)   
Husband/partner's level of education
 Illiterate 538 (3.4) 191 (7.3) 729 (3.9) 343.68 < .001
 Elementary school graduate 6434 (40.5) 1376 (52.7) 7810 (42.2)   
 Secondary school graduate 2288 (14.4) 404 (15.5) 2692 (14.6)   
 High school graduate 4044 (25.5) 438 (16.8) 4482 (24.2)   
 University graduate 2578 (16.2) 204 (7.8) 2782 (15)   
Husband/partner's employment status
 Unemployed 2831 (17.8) 572 (21.9) 2403 (18.4) 43.37 < .001
 Public sector 2404 (15.1) 294 (11.2) 2698 (14.6)   
 Private sector 10,647 (67) 1748 (66.9) 12,395 (67)   
Husband/partner's alcohol usage
 No 12,770 (80.4) 1897 (72.6) 14,667 (79.3) 82.97 < .001
 Yes 3120 (19.6) 717 (27.4) 3837 (20.7)   
Husband/partner's gambling history
 No 15,661 (98.6) 2456 (94) 18,117 (97.9) 232.762 < .001
 Yes 226 (1.4) 157 (6) 383 (2.1)   
Husband/partner’s drug usage
 No 15,831 (99.7) 2576 (98.6) 18,407 (99.6) 65.180 < .001
 Yes 45 (0.3) 37 (1.4) 82 (0.4)   
Husband/partner's infidelity
 No 14,819 (93.3) 2028 (77.6) 16,847 (91.1) 681.902 < .001
 Yes 1059 (6.7) 584 (22.4) 1643 (8.9)   
Exposure to economic violence
 No 11,966 (76.6) 1211 (46.5) 13,177 (72.3) 1016.10 < .001
 Yes 3646 (23.4) 1395 (53.5) 5041 (27.7)   
Exposure to verbal abuse
 No 10,141 (63.8) 365 (14) 10,506 (56.8) 2270.96 < .001
 Yes 5956 (36.2) 2249 (86) 8005 (43.2)   
Exposure to physical violence
 No 11,276 (70.9) 451 (17.3) 11,727 (63.4) 2785.97 < .001
 Yes 4621 (29.1) 2163 (82.7) 6784 (36.6)