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Table 5 Average elasticity values of the factors influential in women's exposure to sexual violence

From: Determination of the factors affecting sexual violence against women in Turkey: a population-based analysis

Variables Binary logistic regression Binary probit regression VIF 1/VIF
Elasticity (%) Std. Error Elasticity (%) Std. Error
Survey year (reference category: 2008)
 2014 − 26.466a 0.058 − 34.445 0.074 1.040 0.958
Region (reference category: TR1)
 TR2/TR4 6.083 0.112 7.559 0.142 2.720 0.367
 TR3 16.740 0.123 21.345 0.154 1.960 0.511
 TR6 7.997 0.118 9.027 0.151 1.990 0.502
 TR5/TR7 21.717b 0.108 29.054b 0.137 2.650 0.377
 TR8/TR9 22.737b 0.111 28.876b 0.141 2.710 0.369
 TRC 17.757 0.117 24.915 0.149 2.160 0.463
 TRA/TRB 43.159a 0.108 55.149a 0.136 2.930 0.342
Place of residence (reference category: rural)
 Urban − 9.691c 0.057 − 12.385 0.071c 1.140 0.874
Age (reference category: 15–24 years)
 25–34 years − 20.356c 0.109 − 24.064c 0.134 3.100 0.323
 35–44 years − 26.390b 0.117 − 32.166b 0.146 3.320 0.301
 45–54 years − 7.295 0.122 − 7.462 0.149 3.140 0.318
 55 + years − 11.750 0.143 − 13.766 0.177 2.050 0.487
Level of education (reference category: university graduate)
 Illiterate 32.711c 0.179 41.427c 0.220 4.320 0.231
 Elementary school graduate 23.362 0.167 30.789 0.203 5.730 0.175
 Secondary school graduate 18.144 0.181 25.321 0.222 2.490 0.402
 High school graduate 13.288 0.169 16.700 0.205 2.800 0.357
Employment (reference category: unemployed)
 Employed 16.433b 0.066 20.273b 0.083 1.150 0.872
Marital status (reference category: widowed/divorced/separated)
 Single − 148.104a 0.314 − 178.415a 0.386 3.080 0.324
 Married − 35.862a 0.088 − 45.788a 0.106 2.150 0.466
Health condition (reference category: bad/very bad)
 Perfect/good − 25.292a 0.078 − 31.430a 0.096 2.670 0.375
 Not bad − 19.346a 0.069 − 23.895a 0.088 2.370 0.422
Number of children (reference category: no children)
 One child − 24.535c 0.132 − 30.591c 0.161 2.820 0.354
 Two or more children 1.415 0.118 1.290 0.143 3.790 0.264
Exposure to first-degree relative violence (reference category: no)
 Yes 26.417a 0.072 33.965a 0.091 1.040 0.960
Husband/partner's level of education (reference category: elementary school graduate)
 Illiterate 37.007a 0.114 43.925a 0.137 1.160 0.863
 Secondary school graduate − 4.641 0.080 − 4.767 0.101 1.230 0.813
 High school graduate − 17.698b 0.081 − 23.014b 0.101 1.530 0.652
 University graduate − 11.069 0.122 − 15.610 0.151 2.110 0.473
Husband/partner's employment status (reference category: public sector)
 Unemployed 26.696b 0.104 34.702a 0.130 2.150 0.465
 Private sector 9.286 0.091 11.719 0.114 2.200 0.455
Husband/partner's alcohol usage (reference category: no)
 Yes 5.999 0.067 7.050 0.084 1.180 0.850
Husband/partner's gambling history (reference category: no)
 Yes 18.574 0.132 28.190 0.171 1.070 0.934
Husband/partner’s drug usage (reference category: no)
 Yes 60.976a 0.225 78.987a 0.275 1.030 0.971
Husband/partner's infidelity (reference category: no)
 Yes 42.132a 0.071 56.495a 0.089 1.150 0.869
Exposure to economic violence (reference category: no)
 Yes 62.957a 0.056 76.978a 0.068 1.160 0.866
Exposure to verbal abuse (reference category: no)
 Yes 124.329a 0.079 137.174a 0.085 1.440 0.695
Exposure to physical violence (reference category: no)
 Yes 128.457a 0.074 144.131a 0.077 1.510 0.662
Pseudo R2 0.274 0.275     
Cox-Snell/M 0.201 0.202     
AIC 10,892.562 10,884.229     
BIC 11,197.012 11,188.679     
Log-likelihood − 5407.281 − 5403.114     
Classification success 86.94 86.83     
p value 0.000 0.000     
N 18,150 18,150     
  1. ap < 0.01, bp < 0.05, cp < 0.10; Std. Error: Standard Error; VIF: Variance Inflation Factor