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Table 3 Relationship between demographic characteristics and physical activity with Kupperman index and Beck depression inventory II in postmenopausal women (N = 245)*

From: Association of depression, anxiety and menopausal-related symptoms with demographic, anthropometric and body composition indices in healthy postmenopausal women

Characteristics Modified Kupperman Index P* Beck Depression Inventory II P*
16–25 26–35 36–45 No (0–13) Mild (14–19) Moderate (20–28)
Age (years)         
 < 55 45 (40.17%) 51 (45.53%) 16 (14.30%) 0.512 19 (16.96%) 92 (82.14%) 1 (0.90%) 0.004**
 ≥ 55 53 (46.90%) 67 (59.29%) 13 (9.19%)   7 (5.26%) 121 (90.97%) 5 (3.77%)  
Education         
 Illiterate 2 (22.22%) 5 (55.56%) 2 (22.22%) 0.294 1 (11.12%) 8 (88.88%) 0 (00.00%) 0.818
 Under diploma 60 (36.58%) 27 83 (50.60%) 21 (12.82%)   15 (9.20%) 144 (88.34%) 5 (2.46%)  
 Diploma (48.21%) 23 (41.07%) 6 (10.72%)   7 (12.50%) 48 (85.71%) 1 (1.799%)  
 College 9 (56.25%) 7(43.75%) 0(00.0%)   3 (18.75%) 13 (81.25%) 0 (00.00%)  
Occupation         
 Unemployed 7 (38.88%) 9 (50.00%) 2 (11.12%) 0.512 3 (16.66%) 14 (77.77%) 1 (5.57%) 0.514
 Employed 4 (80.0%) 1 (20.0%) 0 (00.0%)   0 (00.0%) 5 (100.00%) 0 (00.00%)  
 Retired 8 (50.00%) 8 (50.00%) 0 (00.00%)   3 (18.75%) 13 (81.25%) 0 (00.00%)  
 Housewife 79 (38.34%) 100(48.54%) 27(13.12%)   20 (9.70%) 181(87.86) 5 (2.44%)  
Marital status         
 Single 5 (55.55%) 4 (44.45%) 0 (00.0%) 0.767 1 (11.12%) 8 (88.88%) 0 (00.00%) 0.751
 Married 91 (39.56%) 110 (47.82%) 29 (12.62%)   24 (10.43%) 200 (86.95%) 6 (2.62%)  
 Other 2 (33.34%) 4 (66.66%) 0 (0.00%)   1 (16.67%) 5 (83.33%) 0 (00.00%)  
Physical activity         
 Mild 63 (37.27%) 86 (50.88%) 20 (11.85%) 0.486 6 (3.56%) 157 (92.88%) 6 (3.56%) < 0.001**
 Moderate 34 (47.22%) 29 (40.27%) 9 (12.54%)   18 (25.00%) 54 (75.00%) 0 (00.00%)  
 Severe 1 (24.00%) 3 (75.00%) 0 (00.00%)   2 (50.00%) 2 (50.00%) 0 (00.00%)  
  1. Values are presented as n (%); (*): Using Fisher’s exact test; (**): Significant correlation