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Table 4 Individual and household-level variations in women’s FGM/C intentions

From: Women’s empowerment and female genital mutilation intention for daughters in Sierra Leone: a multilevel analysis

Variable OR (95% CrI)
Fixed-effect  
Individual level factors  
Labour force participation  
 Yes 1.8* (1.0–3.3)
 No Ref
Wife beating acceptance  
 Low Ref
 Medium 1.4* (1.0–1.9)
 High 1.8** (1.19–2.9)
Women’s knowledge level  
 Low Ref
 Medium 0.6 (0.3–1.3)
 High 0.5*** (0.3–0.6)
Decision making power  
 Low Ref
 Medium 0.9 (0.6–1.3)
 High 0.7* (0.5–0.9)
Age  
 15–19 Ref
 20–24 0.2* (0.1–0.8)
 25–29 0.3 (0.1–1.0)
 30–34 0.2* (0.1–0.9)
 35–39 0.2* (0.1–0.7)
 40–44 0.3* (0.1–0.9)
 45–49 0.1** (0.0–0.5)
Wealth index  
 Poorest Ref
 Poorer 0.6 (0.3–1.1)
 Middle 0.6 (0.3–1.1)
 Richer 0.5* (0.2–0.8)
 Richest 0.3** (0.2–0.6)
Partner’s education  
 No education Ref
 Primary 0.7 (0.4–1.2)
 Secondary + 0.4*** (0.3–0.6)
Circumcised  
 No Ref
 Yes 23.8*** (11.8–47.8)
Contextual level  
Social Acceptance of FGM/C  
 No Ref
 Yes 10.0*** (8.1–12.3)
Required by religion  
 No Ref
 Yes 5.0*** (4.1–6.0)
Family head  
 Male Ref
 Female 0.8 (0.7–1.0)
Residence  
 Urban Ref
 Rural 2.1*** (1.7–2.7)
Random-effect  
Sample Size  
 District level 14
 Contextual level 369
 Individual level 2,399
  1. OR = Odds ratios, Crls = credible intervals
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001