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Table 5 Community-level variations in FGM/C intentions

From: Women’s empowerment and female genital mutilation intention for daughters in Sierra Leone: a multilevel analysis

Variable aOR (95% CrI)
Individual level factors  
Labour force participation  
 Yes 2.5** (1.3–4.7)
 No Ref
Wife beating acceptance  
 Low Ref
 Medium 1.8** (1.2–2.6)
 High 2.7*** (1.7–4.5)
Women’s knowledge level  
 Low Ref
 Medium 0.7 (0.3–1.6)
 High 0.4*** (0.3–0.7)
Decision making power  
 Low Ref
 Medium 0.9 (0.5–1.3)
 High 0.8 (0.5–1.3)
Age  
 15–19 Ref
 20–24 0.3 (0.1–1.2)
 25–29 0.4 (0.1–1.5)
 30–34 0.3 (0.1–1.3)
 35–39 0.3 (0.1–1.0)
 40–44 0.3 (0.1–1.2)
 45–49 0.2** (0.0–0.6)
Wealth index  
 Poorest Ref
 Poorer 0.6 (0.3–1.3)
 Middle 0.6 (0.3–1.3)
 Richer 0.5 (0.3–1.1)
 Richest 0.5 (0.2–1.0)
Partner’s education  
 No education Ref
 Primary 0.7 (0.4–1.3)
 Secondary +  0.5** (0.4–0.8)
Circumcised  
 No Ref
 Yes 9.4*** (4.3–20.6)
Contextual level  
Social acceptance of FGM/C  
 No Ref
 Yes 9.9*** (6.7–14.8)
Required by religion  
 No Ref
 Yes 8.9*** (6.0–13.3)
Family head  
 Male Ref
 Female 0.79 (0.5–1.2)
Residence  
 Urban Ref
 Rural 0.7 (0.6–1.8)
Random-effect  
District level  
 Variance (95% CrI) 0.2 (0.1–0.4)
 VPC % (95% Crl) 5.4 (1.2–10.2)
 MOR (95% Crl) 1.5 (1.2–1.9)
 Explained variation (%) 76.7
Contextual level  
 Variance (95% CrI) 0.2 (0.1–0.6)
 VPC % (95% Crl) 11.6 (4.1–23.5)
 MOR (95% CrI) 1.6 (1.3–2.0)
 Explained variation (%) 67.1
Sample size  
 District level 14
 Contextual level 369
 Individual level 2,399
  1. OR, odds ratios; Crls, credible intervals
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001