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Table 4 Determinants of loneliness among mothers (n = 492)

From: Individual, family, and community factors related to loneliness in mothers raising children less than 3 years of age: a cross-sectional study

Independent variables β p-value
Mediating factors: Social isolation (social network size)   
LSNS-6 (1 = isolated; low social network) 0.310  < 0.001***
Individual and family factors   
Number of parenting and life concerns 0.211  < 0.001***
Not eating breakfast every day (1 = yes) 0.087 0.023*
No exercise habit (1 = yes) 0.042 0.258
Not sufficient rest from sleep (1 = yes) 0.041 0.281
Partners’ supportive behaviors for household and childcare  − 0.240  < 0.001***
Community factors   
Number of people to consulted about parenting  − 0.104 0.008**
Community commitment  − 0.122 0.002**
Adjusted R2 0.376  
  1. Multiple regression analysis (forced entry method): adjusted for age and the number of years of residence
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001