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Table 2 Prevalence of UTI across socio-demographic, obstetric, and clinical variables of pregnant women attended ANC clinic of HFSUH, Harar, Eastern Ethiopia, from November 2017 to January 2018

From: Prevalence of bacterial uropathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among pregnant women in Eastern Ethiopia: hospital-based cross-sectional study

Variables Significant bacteriuria, n = 31 (%) Non-significant bacteriuria, n = 169 (%) Total (n = 200)
Age (in year)    
 18–22 4(12.9) 48(28.4) 52
 23–27 14(45.2) 58(34.3) 72
 28–32 10(32.3) 38(22.5) 48
 33–37 2(6.4) 13(7.7) 15
 38–42 0(0) 12(7.1) 12
  ≥ 43 1(3.2) 0(0) 1
Residence
 Rural 4(13) 18(10.7) 178
 Urban 27(87) 151(89.3) 22
Educational status    
 Illiterate 5(16) 23(13.6) 28
 Read and write 10(32.2) 23(13.6) 33
 Primary cycle(1–8 grade) 7(22.6) 39(23) 46
 Secondary cycle(9–12 grade) 7(22.6) 54(31.9) 61
 Higher education(> 12 grade) 2(6.6) 30(17.6) 32
Marital status
 Married 30(96.8) 155(91.7) 185
 Divorced 1(3.2) 9(5.3) 10
 Widowed 0(0) 5(3) 5
Gravidity
 1–3 30(96.8) 128(75.7) 158
 4–6 1(3.2) 31(18.3) 32
 7–9 0(0) 10(6) 10
Parity
 Nulliparous 12(38.7) 73(43.2) 85
 Primapara(one) 11(35.5) 39(23.1) 50
 Multipara 8(25.8) 57(33.7) 65
Gestational age
 1st trimester 5(16.1) 29(17.2) 34
 2nd trimester 16(51.6) 76(44.9) 92
 3rd trimester 10(32.3) 64(37.9) 74
History of obstetric and gynecologic surgery
 Yes 5(16.1) 8(4.7) 13
 No 26(83.9) 161(95.3) 187
History of catheterization
 Yes 4(12.9) 4(2.4) 8
 No 27(87.1) 165(97.6) 192
History of UTI
 Yes 19(61.3) 35(20.7) 54
 No 12(38.7) 134(79.3) 146
A symptom of UTI on presentation
 Symptomatic 13(41.9) 49(29) 62
 Asymptomatic 18(58.1) 120(71) 138
Diabetes mellitus
 No 28(90.3) 164(97) 192
 Yes 3(9.7) 5(3) 8
  1. ANC, antenatal care; HFSUH, Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital; UTI, urinary tract infection