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Table 3 Association wealth index and anemia stratified by place of residence (n = 14,100)

From: The urban–rural differential in the association between household wealth index and anemia among women in reproductive age in Ethiopia, 2016

Variables Rural Urban
AOR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value
Mother's age    
 15–24 1.13 (1.057–1.68) 0.017 0.81 (0.59–1.12) 0.199
 24–34 1.27 (1.05–1.52) 0.013 0.75 (0.56–1.01) 0.58
 35–49* 1 1   1
Mother's education    
 None 1.59 (1.13–2.23) 0.008 0.98 (0.68–1.41) 0.906
 Primary 1.27 (0.94–1.71) 0.122 1.14 (0.75–1.730) 0.539
Secondary or above* 1   1
Marital status    
 Unmarried 0.84 (90.62–1.14) 0.268 0.81 (0.50–1.2) 0.284
 Married 1.53 (1.20–1.97) 0.001 0.98 (0.71–1.35) 0.901
 Others** 1 1   1
Wealth index    
 Poor 1.37 (1.14–1.65) 0.001 0.86 (0.46–1.62) 0.648
 Middle 1.11 (0.93–1.33) 0.247 1.10 (0.43–2.77) 0.843
 Rich* 1 1   1
Use hormonal contraceptive    
 Yes* 1 1   1
 No 1.67 (1.41–1.95)  < 0.001 1.53 (1.13–2.07) 0.006
Body mass index    
 Under weight 1.06 (0.74–1.52) 0.752 1.10 (0.71–1.7) 0.674
 Normal weight 0.89 (0.65–1.24) 0.507 1.10 (0.72–1.58) 0.741
 Overweight* 1    
Employment status    
 Yes* 1    
 No 1.04 (0.89–1.21) 0.634 1.159 (0.87–1.51) 0.326
  1. wt%, weighted percent; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. *Reference group
  3. **Divorced, widowed and no longer living together