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Table 2 Baseline characteristics in women with urinary incontinence (UI) who have sought care using e-health, in three randomized studies

From: Quality of life in women with urinary incontinence seeking care using e-health

Variable RCT onec (n = 250) RCT twoc (n = 123) RCT threed (n = 123) p values Total (n = 496)
Age, years, mean (SD) 48.6 (10.2) 44.7 (9.4) 58.3 (9.5) < 0.001 h 50.1 (11.0)
BMI, kg/m2, median (IQR) 23.5 (21.9–26.5)a 23.2 (21.4–25.9) 25.2 (23.2–28.6) < 0.001i 23.9 (22.0-26.9)a
University education ≥ 3 years, n (%) 135 (54.0) 98 (79.7) 79 (64.2) < 0.001j 312 (62.9)
Any university education, n (%) 188 (75.2) 107 (87.0) 105 (85.4) 0.008j 400 (80.6)
Daily smokers, n (%) 9 (3.6) 5 (4.1) 0 (0) 0.055k 14 (2.8)
Nulliparous, n (%) 16 (6.4) 9 (7.3) 15 (12.2) 0.145j 40 (8.1)
Comorbiditye, n (%) 102 (41.1)b 52 (42.3) 43 (35.0) 0.428j 197 (39.9)b
ICIQ-UI SF scoref, mean (SD) 10.4 (3.3) 11.1 (2.8) 11.6 (3.3) 0.003 h 10.9 (3.2)
Severity of UI:     0.095k  
Slight, n (%): 14 (5.6) 3 (2.4) 3 (2.4)   20 (4.0)
Moderate, n (%): 170 (68.0) 78 (63.4) 73 (59.3)   321 (64.7)
Severe/Very severe, n (%): 66 (26.4) 42 (34.1) 47 (38.2)   155 (31.3)
ICIQ-LUTSqol scoreg, mean (SD) 33.6 (7.5)a 34.4 (6.1) 37.8 (8.2) < 0.001 h 34.9 (7.6)a
  1. RCT randomized controlled trial, BMI Body Mass Index, SD standard deviation; IQR Interquartile range
  2. aOne missing
  3. bTwo missing
  4. cWomen with Stress UI
  5. dWomen with Urgency UI/Mixed UI
  6. eComorbidity defined as regularly use of prescription drugs
  7. fInternational Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) measuring symptoms
  8. gInternational Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Quality of Life (ICIQ-LUTSqol) measuring condition-specific quality of life
  9. hp values by ANOVA
  10. i p values by Kruskal-Wallis test
  11. j p values by Chi-square test
  12. kp values by Fisher’s exact test