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Table 2 Binary logistic regression on quality of ANC received among women in Cameroon

From: Do women empowerment indicators predict receipt of quality antenatal care in Cameroon? Evidence from a nationwide survey

Background characteristics Model 1
Adjusted odds ratio (confidence interval)
Model 2
Adjusted odds ratio (confidence interval)
Women empowerment   
Knowledge level   
 Low 0.48*** (0.58, 0.69) 0.66* (0.45, 0.98)
 Medium Ref Ref
 High 1.16 (0.97, 1.39) 0.91 (0.76, 1.12)
Labour force participation   
 Not working 0.86 (0.70, 1.04) 0.83 (0.67, 1.02)
 Working Ref Ref
Decision making power   
 Low Ref Ref
 Medium 0.97 (0.76, 1.23) 1.05 (0.77, 1.41)
 High 0.97 (0.81, 1.18) 1.00 (0.76, 1.31)
Approval of wife beating   
 Low Ref Ref
 Medium 0.78 (0.58, 1.02) 0.85 (0.64, 1.14)
 High 0.50** (0.33, 0.76) 0.54** (0.35, 0.83)
Age   
 15–19   0.80 (0.56, 1.15)
 20–24   0.98 (0.77, 1.26)
 25–29   Ref
 30–34   0.94 (0.73, 1.22)
 35–39   1.11 (0.84, 1.48)
 40–44   1.07 (0.72, 1.58)
 45–49   0.66 (0.25, 1.71)
Place of residence   
 Urban   Ref
 Rural   0.93 (0.73, 1.17)
Wealth status   
 Poorest   0.82 (0.53, 1.24)
 Poorer   1.15 (0.87, 1.53)
 Middle   Ref
 Richer   1.30 (0.99, 1.69)
 Richest   1.49** (1.12, 1.99)
Marital status   
 Never in union   1.21 (0.88, 1.66)
 Married   Ref
 Living with partner   0.96 (0.76, 1.20)
 Widowed   1.70 (0.89, 3.23)
 Divorced   0.52 (0.16, 1.73)
 Separated   1.20 (0.78, 1.84)
Antenatal care visit   
 Less than 4   0.40*** (0.30, 0.52)
 More than 4   Ref
Health insurance coverage   
 No   Ref
 Yes   1.02 (0.61, 1.71)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. Ref Reference category