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Table 3 Adolescent girls’ viewpoint on the causes of child marriage

From: Knowledge and viewpoint of adolescent girls regarding child marriage, its causes and consequences

Variable Totally agree Agree No opinion Disagree Totally disagree
1. The economic poverty of the family is one of the main causes of early marriage. 15 (5.0) 92 (30.7) 86 (28.7) 36 (12.0) 71 (23.7)
2. The family agrees to early marriage because of the reduction of one of its members. 12 (4.0) 57 (19.0) 86 (28.7) 46 (15.3) 99 (33.0)
3. The family agrees to early marriage to receive Mehr (marriage portion). 5 (1.7) 35 (11.7) 105 (35.0) 53 (17.7) 102 (34.0)
4. Early marriage in girls is carried out to control sexual behavior and premarital pregnancy. 12 (4.0) 49 (16.3) 118 (39.3) 47 (15.7) 74 (24.7)
5. Early marriage in girls is due to family problems and conflicts. 40 (13.3) 139 (46.3) 65 (21.7) 22 (7.3) 34 (11.3)
6. Girls undergo early marriage to meet their emotional needs. 45 (15.0) 133 (44.3) 55 (18.3) 38 (12.7) 29 (9.7)
7. Girls undergo early marriage to meet their sexual needs. 8 (2.7) 54 (18.0) 94 (31.3) 75 (25.0) 69 (23.0)
8. Early marriage in girls is due to a lack of educational and occupational opportunities for girls in accordance with their families. 29 (9.7) 101 (33.7) 87 (29.0) 43 (14.3) 40 (13.3)
9. In Iran, early marriage is carried out due to religious beliefs. 40 (13.3) 91 (30.3) 76 (25.3) 52 (17.3) 41 (13.7)
10. In Iran, early marriage is carried out due to cultural and traditional causes. 52 (17.3) 91 (30.3) 87 (29.0) 44 (14.7) 26 (8.7)
11. Lack of intellectual-psychological maturity is the most important cause of early marriage in girls. 80 (9.6) 112 (37.3) 68 (22.7) 28 (9.3) 12 (4.0)
12. Early marriage is more prevalent in larger families. 36 (12.0) 117 (39.0) 79 (26.3) 48 (16.0) 20 (6.7)
13. Early marriage is conducted to continue the previous family and tribal marriage (for instance marrying the cousin, etc.). 24 (8.0) 90 (30.0) 103 (34.3) 50 (16.7) 33 (11.0)
14. Early marriage is carried out to increase the independence and capability of girls in life. 18 (6.0) 55 (18.3) 105 (35.0) 61 (20.3) 61 (20.3)
15. Illiteracy or lack of education of parents are among other causes of early marriage in girls. 71 (23.7) 121 (40.3) 37 (12.3) 37 (12.3) 34 (11.3)
16. Early marriage is more common in families that the parent got married at a younger age. 40 (13.3) 86 (28.7) 92 (30.7) 55 (18.3) 27 (9.0)
17.Lack of exhilaration in daily life, especially in the rural regions and outskirts can result in the increase of child marriage. 61 (20.3) 114 (38.0) 77 (25.7) 32 (10.7) 16 (5.3)
18. Mothers are of the opinion that girls must get married earlier and when they are in their teen years. 32 (10.7) 48 (16.0) 58 (19.4) 83 (27.7) 79(26.3)
19. Girls cannot make decisions about their marriage, pregnancy health and rights, and their gender on account of cultural problems and patriarchal beliefs. 47 (15.7) 81 (27.0) 86 (28.7) 41 (13.7) 45 (15.0)
20. The intellectual, emotional, social, and economic maturity of girls is necessary in additionto their physical puberty. 230 (76.7) 47 (15.7) 19 (6.3) 2 (0.7) 2 (0.7)
21. With increase in the girls’ education, early marriage decreases. 160 (53.3) 77 (25.7) 44 (14.7) 12 (4.0) 7 (2.3)
22. Raising girls’ awareness of the consequences of early marriage in schools and the media is an effective way to reduce early marriage. 127 (42.3) 82 (27.3) 75 (25.0) 8 (2.7) 8 (2.7)