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Table 4 Recognition of cervical cancer risk factors

From: Knowledge of cervical cancer risk factors among Palestinian women: a national cross-sectional study

Risk factor Total (n = 7058)
n (%)
Gaza strip (n = 2655)
n (%)
WBJ (n = 4403)
n (%)
p value
Having a weakened immune system 5458 (77.3) 2139 (80.6) 3319 (75.4)  < 0.001
Infection with a sexually transmitted infection 5388 (76.3) 2132 (80.3) 3256 (73.9)  < 0.001
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) 4693 (66.5) 1977 (74.5) 2716 (61.7)  < 0.001
Having a relative with cervical cancer 4250 (60.2) 1538 (57.9) 2712 (61.6) 0.002
Long term use of the contraceptive pill 4236 (60.0) 1620 (61.0) 2616 (59.4) 0.18
Smoking any cigarettes at all 4167 (59.0) 1600 (60.3) 2567 (58.3) 0.10
Not going for regular smear (Pap) tests 3543 (50.2) 1507 (56.8) 2036 (46.2)  < 0.001
Having a husband who is not circumcised 2818 (39.9) 1127 (42.4) 1691 (38.4)  < 0.001
Having a husband with many previous partners 2562 (36.3) 842 (31.7) 1720 (39.1)  < 0.001
Being married at a young age (before age 17) 2197 (31.1) 779 (29.3) 1418 (32.2) 0.012
Having many children (five or more) 1597 (22.6) 559 (21.1) 1038 (23.6) 0.014
  1. n, number of participants; WBJ, West Bank and Jerusalem