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Table 2 Percentage of adverse pregnancy outcome, sexual and reproductive health among ever-married women in age group 15–49 and its association with various forms of spousal violence

From: Spousal violence against women and its consequences on pregnancy outcomes and reproductive health of women in India

Exposure of violence STI (in last 12 months) Current unwanted pregnancy Abortion Miscarriage Ever had a termination of pregnancy Prolonged labour during pregnancy
Spousal violence (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n
Physical ***   ***   ***   *   ***   ***  
 No 2.25 43,472 11.05 2698 3.0 16,026 5.65 16,026 14.53 43,472 40.58 15,127
 Yes 2.83 18,435 16.18 836 5.0 6755 5.91 6755 20.34 18,435 47.49 6306
Emotional ***   ***   ***   **   ***   ***  
 No 2.24 53,341 11.68 3114 3.3 19,737 5.49 19,737 15.45 53,341 41.53 18,630
 Yes 3.59 8565 16.61 420 5.7 3044 7.26 3044 21.33 8565 49.85 2803
Sexual ***   ***   ***   *   ***   ***  
 No 2.28 57,597 11.54 3302 3.4 21,091 5.82 21,091 15.79 57,597 42.03 19,873
 Yes 4.37 4309 22.52 231 6.3 1690 4.61 1690 22.63 4309 50.09 1560
Any violence ***   ***   ***   **   ***   ***  
 No 2.17 41,278 10.62 2542 2.9 15,236 5.55 15,236 14.31 41,278 40.18 14,404
 Yes 2.95 20,628 16.46 992 4.9 7545 6.08 7545 20.17 20,628 47.60 7029
India 2.43 61,906 12.26 3534 4 22,781 5.73 22,781 16.26 61,906 42.61 21,433
  1. Significant level ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05
  2. n is un-weighted sample