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Table3 The association for the health consequences on women and exposure of physical, sexual, and emotional violence in India

From: Spousal violence against women and its consequences on pregnancy outcomes and reproductive health of women in India

Exposure of violence STI (in last 12 months) Unwanted pregnancy Abortion Ever had a termination of pregnancy
AOR 95% C.I AOR 95% C.I AOR 95% C.I AOR 95% C.I
Physical
No 1    1    1    1   
Yes 1.11 0.97 1.27 1.22 0.94 1.57 1.61*** 1.36 1.91 1.43*** 1.35 1.50
Emotional
No 1    1    1    1   
Yes 1.44*** 1.23 1.67 1.01 0.72 1.41 1.36** 1.10 1.66 1.18*** 1.10 1.25
Sexual
No 1    1    1    1   
Yes 1.77*** 1.47 2.10 1.72** 1.19 2.50 1.53*** 1.20 1.93 1.24*** 1.14 1.34
Place of residence
Urban 1    1    1    1   
Rural 1.06 0.94 1.20 1.22 0.92 1.61 0.87 0.74 1.03 0.87** 0.82 0.91
Wealth index
Poorest 1    1    1    1   
Poorer 1.45*** 1.19 1.78 0.84 0.63 1.12 1.52** 1.19 1.95 1.12** 1.05 1.21
Middle 1.83*** 1.51 2.23 0.80 0.60 1.08 1.99** 1.56 2.54 1.08 1.00 1.16
Richer 2.09*** 1.70 2.55 0.56** 0.39 0.79 2.27** 1.76 2.92 1.13** 1.05 1.22
Richest 2.67*** 2.16 3.30 0.43*** 0.28 0.64 2.11** 1.58 2.79 1.16** 1.06 1.26
Religion
Hindu 1    1    1    1   
Muslim 0.99 0.84 1.15 1.72*** 1.32 2.21 0.89 0.73 1.09 1.21*** 1.13 1.28
Christians 0.63 0.43 0.94 0.42 0.14 1.24 0.70 0.42 1.19 0.90 0.78 1.04
Others 0.87 0.63 1.18 1.09 0.51 2.34 0.69 0.41 1.16 0.86* 0.74 0.98
Caste
OBC 1    1    1    1   
SC/ST 1.14 1.00 1.30 1.01 0.79 1.30 0.89 0.75 1.07 0.95* 0.89 1.00
Others and don’t know 1.21 1.07 1.38 1.06 0.81 1.39 1.19 0.98 1.46 1.07* 1.01 1.13
  1. Ref: First category as the Ref Category with AOR 1: (AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio), C.I. 95% confidence interval
  2. P-value with level of significance: ***p ≤ 0.001; **p ≤ 0.01;*p ≤ 0.05