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Table 2 Factors associated with help-seeking behavior among women experienced physical and sexual violence in Ethiopia (n = 1540)

From: Help-seeking behaviour and associated factors among women who experienced physical and sexual violence in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey

Variable Category Help seeking COR (95%) AOR (95%)
Yes (%) No (%)
Age 15–19 36 (24.78) 108 (75.22) 1 1
20–24 33 (12.50) 229 (87.50) 0.43 (0.26,0.73) 2.32 (0.42, 12.64)
25–29 52 (16.70) 260 (83.30) 0.61 (0.38, 0.98) 2.50 (0.42, 14.74)
30–49 225 (27.41) 597 (72.59) 1.15 (0.76, 1.72) 8.69 (1.43, 52.68)*
Residence Urban 240 (19.30) 1005 (80.7) 1 1
Rural 106 (35.76) 190 (64.24) 0.43 (0.33, 0.57) 0.30 (0.15, 0.57)**
Duration of marriage Less than 2 years 70 (19.45) 290 (80.5) 1 1
2–5 years 185 (23.66) 595 (76.34) 1.28 (0.94, 1.75) 1.21 (0.57, 2.57)
Greater than 5 years 91 (22.45) 309 (77.21) 1.22 (0.86, 1.73) 0.59 (0.25, 1.38)
Religion Orthodox 182 (24.54) 558 (75.46) 1 1
Protestant 77 (23.21) 256 (76.79) 0.93 (0.69, 1.26) 1.25 (0.80, 1.95)
Muslim 83 (19.58) 342 (80.42) 0.75 (0.56, 1.00) 1.10 (0.72, 1.68)
Others 4 (8.95) 39 (91.05) 0.30 (0.10, 0.88) 0.47 (0.14, 1.59)
Region Major 306 (21.44) 1121 (78.56) 1 1
Pastoral 1 (10.06) 12 (89.44) 0.41 (0.07, 2.49) 0.20 (0.01, 2.76)
Cities 39 (38.60) 61 (61.40) 2.30 (1.51, 3.51) 0.69 (0.30, 1.62)
Educational status No education 198 (21.99) 702 (78.01) 1 1
Primary 89 (19.34) 71 (80.66) 0.85 (0.64, 1.12) 0.87 (0.55, 1.38)
Secondary 41 (34.20) 79 (65.80) 1.84 (1.22, 2.77) 1.96 (0.87, 4.41)
Above secondary 18 (29.78) 42 (70.22) 1.50 (0.85, 2.68) 0.94 (0.31, 2.89)
Occupation Not working 131 (19.09) 555 (80.91) 1 1
Professional 79 (30.83) 178 (69.17) 1.79 (1.31, 2.45) 2.15 (1.32, 3.49)**
Agriculture 88 (21.74) 319 (78.26) 1.18 (0.86, 1.61) 1.68 (1.09, 2.56)*
Other 47 (24.77) 143 (75.23) 1.40 (0.95, 2.04) 0.99 (0.54, 1.81)
Husband education No education 139 (23.26) 457 (76.74) 1 1
Primary 73 (16.83) 360 (83.17) 0.67 (0.49, 0.92) 0.53 (0.35, 0.79)**
Secondary 13 (15.09) 72 (84.91) 0.59 (0.31, 1.09) 0.39 (0.17, 0.88)*
Higher 11 (21.66) 41 (78.34) 0.91 (0.46, 1.80) 0.37 (0.15, 0.95)*
Don't know 3 (19.69) 10 (80.31) 0.81 (0.20, 3.27) 0.38 (0.07, 1.97)
Husband occupation Not working 31 (35.72) 57 (64.28) 1 1
Professional 57 (24.86) 173 (75.14) 0.60 (0.35, 1.01) 0.48 (0.24, 0.96)*
Agriculture 129 (16.51) 653 (83.49) 0.36 (0.22, 0.57) 0.36 (0.20, 0.63)**
Unskilled 11 (32.82) 23 (67.18) 0.88 (0.38, 2.02) 0.89 (0.32, 2.48)
Other 9 (20.30) 35 (79.70) 0.46 (0.20, 1.07) 0.38 (0.13, 1.05)
Number of live children No child 50 (23.61) 162 (76.39) 1 1
1–2 109 (22.31) 381 (77.69) 0.93 (0.63, 1.36) 1.06 (0.36, 3.13)
3–4 81 (21.07) 303 (78.93) 0.86 (0.58, 1.29) 0.84 (0.26, 2.70)
≥ 5 105 (23.25) 348 (76.75) 0.98 (0.67, 1.44) 0.93 (0.28, 3.02)
Wealth index Poorest 73 (23.62) 236 (76.38) 1 1
Poorer 67 (25.36) 198 (74.64) 1.10 (0.75, 1.61) 1.25 (0.75, 2.11)
Middle 64 (17.83) 297 (82.17) 0.70 (0.48, 1.02) 0.87 (0.52, 1.46)
Richer 60 (19.81) 242 (80.19) 0.80 (0.54, 1.17) 1.23 (0.72, 2.09)
Richest 81 (26.90) 220 (73.10) 1.19 (0.83, 1.71) 1.76 (1.02, 3.04)*
Media exposure No 192 (20.69) 738 (79.31) 1 1
Yes 153 (25.14) 457 (74.86) 1.29 (1.01, 1.64) 0.73 (0.48, 1.09)
Severity of violence Mild 191 (16.44) 973 (83.56) 1 1
Serious 114 (44.38) 142 (55.62) 4.10 (3.03, 5.42) 5.19 (3.56, 7.58)**
  1. *Significant at p value < 0.05
  2. **Significant at p value < 0.001