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Table 4 Multivariable associations between social ecological risk-factors on depression, anxiety, and PTSD

From: Mental health of clinic-attending Syrian refugee women in Jordan: associations between social ecological risks factors and mental health symptoms

  Depression (n = 507) Anxiety (n = 503) Post-traumatic stress disorder (n = 506)
uOR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI) uOR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI) uOR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI)
Individual risk factors       
Age 1.02 (1.00, 1.04) 1.01 (0.99, 1.03) 1.04 (1.02, 1.07)*** 1.04 (1.02, 1.06)*** 1.04 (1.01, 1.06)** 1.03 (1.01, 1.06)**
Marriage status       
 Unmarried (ref.)
 Married 0.35 (0.16, 0.78)** 0.41 (0.19, 0.92)* 0.49 (0.23, 1.02) 0.56 (0.26, 1.19) 0.34 (0.15, 0.81)* 0.36 (0.15, 0.87)*
Number of children < 18 0.96 (0.87, 1.06) 0.95 (0.86, 1.06) 1.07 (0.96, 1.18) 1.06 (0.96, 1.18) 1.11 (0.99, 1.25) 1.12 (0.99, 1.26)
Ability to read/write with ease       
 No (ref.)
 Yes 1.42 (0.75, 2.71) 1.42 (0.74, 2.73) 0.94 (0.51, 1.74) 0.97 (0.52, 1.82) 0.83 (0.42, 1.65) 0.83 (0.41, 1.67)
Interpersonal risk factors       
Past year physical and/or sexual IPV       
 No (ref.)
 Yes 2.87 (1.80, 4.58)*** 2.78 (1.72, 4.47)*** 3.30 (2.09, 5.20)*** 3.30 (2.06, 5.27)*** 5.36 (3.07, 9.38)* 5.49 (3.09, 9.76)***
Community and societal risk factors       
Number of postmigration stressors 1.33 (1.23, 1.43)*** 1.32 (1.22, 1.42)*** 1.28 (1.19, 1.39)*** 1.28 (1.19, 1.39)*** 1.46 (1.33, 1.60)*** 1.46 (1.33, 1.60)***
  1. The adjusted covariates were years in Jordan, time displaced in Syria, and clinic location
  2. CI confidence interval, uOR unadjusted odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio
  3. Significant p-values are highlighted in bold; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001