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Table 2 Comparisons of nutrients intake and daily behaviors by normal groups vs. central obesity

From: Trends of central obesity and associations with nutrients intake and daily behaviors among women of childbearing age in China

  WC t/χ² P WHtR t/χ² P
  Normal High Normal High
Nutrients intake
Carbohydrate (g) 281.0 ± 98.6 289.0 ± 106.6 − 2.65 0.008 280.6 ± 98.3 289.9 ± 107.2 − 3.10 0.002
Carbohydrate (%E)
 = AMDR 2289 (74.7%) 774 (25.3%) 1.57 0.456 2264 (73.9%) 799 (26.1%) 2.34 0.311
 < AMDR 1319 (76.3%) 410 (23.7%)    1308 (75.7%) 421 (24.3%)   
 > AMDR 1273 (75.7%) 408 (24.3%)    1237 (73.6%) 444 (26.4%)   
Fat (g) 67.1 ± 38.0 67.9 ± 40.6 − 0.75 0.456 67.3 ± 38.3 67.2 ± 39.7 0.14 0.890
Fat (%E)
 = AMDR 1512 (74.8%) 510 (25.2%) 0.64 0.728 1493 (73.8%) 529 (26.2%) 0.36 0.835
 < AMDR 961 (75.8%) 307 (24.2%)    942 (74.3%) 326 (25.7%)   
 > AMDR 2408 (75.7%) 775 (24.3%)    2374 (74.6%) 809 (25.4%)   
Protein (g) 61.9 ± 21.6 64.0 ± 23.0 − 3.39 0.001 62.1 ± 21.8 63.1 ± 22.6 − 1.58 0.114
Protein (%E)
 = AMDR 3270 (75.4%) 1069 (24.6%) 1.87 0.392 3232 (74.5%) 1107 (25.5%) 0.76 0.683
 < AMDR 742 (76.9%) 223 (23.1%)    706 (73.2%) 259 (26.8%)   
 > AMDR 869 (74.3%) 300 (25.7%)    871 (74.5%) 298 (25.5%)   
Daily behaviors
LTPA
 Yes 594 (86.5%) 93 (13.5%) 49.32 < 0.001 588 (85.6%) 99 (14.4%) 49.88 < 0.001
 No 4433 (74.3%) 1533 (25.7%)    4366 (73.2%) 1600 (26.8%)   
Sedentary time (h/day)
Mean ± SD 3.0 ± 2.2 2.8 ± 1.9 3.78 < 0.001 3.0 ± 2.1 2.8 ± 2.0 3.36 0.001
 < 2 h 1543 (75.6%) 498 (24.4%) 0.13 0.716 1495 (73.2%) 546 (26.8%) 1.40 0.236
 ≥ 2 h 3408 (75.2%) 1125 (24.8%)    3383 (74.6%) 1150 (25.4%)   
Sleep duration (h/day)
Mean ± SD 8.1 ± 1.0 8.2 ± 1.1 − 6.06 0.544 8.1 ± 1.0 8.2 ± 1.0 − 2.18 0.029
 ≥ 8 h 3896 (75.4%) 1272 (24.6%) 0.50 0.480 3818 (73.9%) 1350 (26.1%) 0.57 0.451
 < 8 h 964 (74.4%) 331 (25.6%)    970 (74.9%) 325 (25.1%)   
  1. Data given as mean ± SD (standard deviation) or number (percent)
  2. %E the percentage of energy intake from carbohydrate, fat, protein respectively, AMDR acceptable macronutrient distribution range, LTPA leisure time physical activity, WC waist circumference, WHtR waist to height ratio