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Table 2 Association between internal migration and sociodemographic characteristics of women of childbearing age, Peru 2015–2017

From: Rural–urban migration as a factor associated with physical and sexual intimate partner violence Peru 2015–2017: a secondary analysis of a national study

  Internal migration
Non-migrants Recent-migrants Urban–Urban Urban–Rural Rural–Urban Rural–Rural Pf
Sociodemographic characteristics of migrant women 26,882 (45.4) (CI 95% 44.3;46.5) 10,003 (12.0) (CI 95% 11.5;12.5) 6,548 (11.4) (CI 95% 10.8;11.9) 1,024 (1.1) (CI 95% 1.0;1.3) 12,204 (21.3) (CI 95% 20.4;22.2) 7,198 (8.7) (CI 95% 8.2;9.3)
CI 95% CI 95% CI 95% CI 95% CI 95% CI 95%
n (%a) Lla Ula n (%a) Lla Ula n (%a) Lla Ula n (%a) Lla Ula n (%a) Lla Ula n (%a) Lla Ula
Age
15–29 years 10,866 (31.0) 30.0 32.1 6,071 (54,9) 53.2 56.6 1,937 (21.6) 20.1 23.3 332 (28.2) 24.8 31.9 3,534 (20.5) 19.3 21.8 2,216 (25.9) 24.7 27.2  < 0.001
30–49 years 16,016 (68.9) 67.9 70.0 3,932 (45.1) 43.4 46.8 4,611 (78.4) 76.7 79.9 692 (71.8) 68.1 75.2 8,670 (79.5) 78.2 80.7 4,982 (74.1) 72.8 75.4
Educationb
None /Early education 494 (1.5) 1.3 1.8 207 (2.2) 1.8 2.7 29 (0.5) 0.3 0.9 28 (2.9) 1.8 4.4 243 (1.9) 1.5 2.4 513 (7.5) 6.6 8.4  < 0.001
Primary 5,232 (16.5) 15.5 17.8 2,545 (26.1) 24.6 27.6 557 (8.7) 7.5 10.3 305 (33.3) 29.1 37.8 3,377 (28.4) 26.9 30.1 4,033 (59.2) 57.3 61.0
Secondary 12,037 (44.8) 43.4 46.3 4,836 (46.4) 44.8 48.1 2,863 (42.1) 40.0 44.6 497 (44.3) 39.9 48.9 5,879 (47.1) 45.4 48.7 2,330 (29.1) 27.3 30.8
Higher (non-university) 5,254 (20.9) 19.9 21.9 1,423 (15.3) 14.1 16.7 1,600 (23.9) 22.1 25.9 131 (13.5) 10.8 16.8 1,862 (16.2) 15.0 17.5 251 (3.5) 2.8 4.3
Higher (University and Postgraduate) 3,864 (16.2) 15.2 17.4 992 (10.0) 9.0 11.2 1,499 (24.7) 22.3 27.3 63 (5.9) 4.3 8.1 843 (6.3) 5.5 7.2 71 (0.9) 0.6 1.3
Socioeconomic status
Lower quintile 6,536 (17.6) 16.4 19.0 3,201 (27.2) 25.7 28.9 177 (1.8) 1.4 2.3 468 (44.7) 39.3 50.3 994 (5.7) 5.0 6.6 5,027 (68.8) 65.9 71.5  < 0.001
Second quintile 5,837 (17.1) 16.1 18.2 3,389 (32.2) 30.4 34.0 1,410 (16.4) 14.4 18.5 398 (37.4) 33.2 41.7 4,488 (30.1) 28 32.2 1,859 (26.4) 24 28.7
Third quintile 5,406 (19.7) 18.7 20.7 1,794 (20.2) 18.8 21.8 1,858 (25.0) 23.0 27.2 108 (11.8) 9.0 15.3 3,836 (31.6) 30 33.4 243 (3.6) 2.9 4.5
Fourth quintile 5,119 (23.3) 22.0 24.6 1,030 (11.7) 10.5 13.0 1,707 (26.0) 24.0 28.1 31 (4.4) 2.4 7.9 2,005 (21.4) 20 23.2 56 (1.1) 0.7 1.6
Upper quintile 3,984 (22.3) 20.7 24.0 589 (8.7) 7.5 10.2 1,396 (30.8) 27.8 34 19 (1.7) 0.9 3.3 881 (11.1) 9.7 12.6 13 (0.2) 0.1 0.4
Marital/conjugal status of the interviewee
Married 8,151 (32.9) 31.6 34.2 1,884 (20.5) 19.1 21.9 2,041 (33.5) 31.3 35.9 255 (28.7) 24.5 33.2 3,360 (28.6) 27.0 30.2 2,425 (34.9) 33 36.8  < 0.001
Cohabitating 14.788 (48.6) 47.4 49.9 7,149 (67.9) 66.2 69.4 3,708 (50.6) 48.2 53.0 684 (60.8) 56.0 65.4 7,475 (56.5) 55 58.2 4,289 (57.8) 56 59.6
Separated/ Divorced/Widowed 3,943 (18.5) 17.6 19.5 970 (11.7) 10.6 12.9 799 (15.9) 14.2 17.8 85 (10.6) 7.9 14.0 1,369 (15.0) 14 16.3 484 (7.4) 6.6 8.3
History of physical aggression by father toward mother
No 15,161 (57.0) 55.8 58.1 5,249 (53.1) 51.3 54.9 3,301 (52.4) 50.2 54.6 463 (44.3) 40.1 48.6 5,868 (48.3) 47 50.0 3,800 (53.9) 52.0 55.7  < 0.001
Yes 10,855 (40.2) 39.1 41.4 4,411 (43.4) 41.7 45.1 3,059 (45.2) 43.1 47.4 497 (49.7) 45.3 54.2 5,884 (47.9) 46.2 49.5 3,021 (40.6) 38.8 42.5
Does not know/Did not answer 866 (2.8) 2.5 3.1 343 (4.1) 2.9 4.1 188 (2.4) 1.8 3.2 64 (6.0) 4.3 8.3 452 (3.8) 3.2 4.5 377 (5.5) 4.8 6.4
Mother tongue
Spanish 23,957 (93.2) 92.3 93.9 8,996 (91.4) 90.3 92.4 6,492 (99.1) 98.4 99.4 924 (90.0) 86.8 92.4 11,719 (97.0) 96 97.5 5,523 (78.3) 75 80.9  < 0.001
Quechua 2,175 (5.1) 4.5 5.8 810 (6.8) 5.9 7.8 41 (0.6) 0.3 1.0 90 (8.3) 6.2 11.0 401 (2.5) 2.1 3.0 1,442 (18.3) 15.8 21.0
Aymara 138 (0.5) 0.3 0.9 66 (0.7) 0.5 1.1 9 (0.1) 0.1 0.3 4 (1.1) 0.2 4.4 44 (0.3) 0.2 4.4 85 (1.9) 1.1 3.2
Other indigenous language/foreign language 612 (1.2) 0.8 1.7 131 (1.1) 0.7 1.6 6 (0.3) 0.1 1.1 6 (0.7) 0.3 1.8 40 (0.2) 0.3 1.8 148 (1.6) 1.1 2.5
Number of children
None 818 (6.5) 5.8 7.2 544 (12.4) 11.0 14.0 161 (4.9) 3.8 6.1 17 (2.6) 1.4 4.8 195 (3.8) 3.0 4.8 81 (1.9) 1.5 2.4  < 0.001
One child 7,435 (27.2) 26.2 28.2 3,737 (32.9) 31.4 34.4 1,583 (25.9) 23.8 28.0 150 (15.0) 12.1 18.4 2,325 (21.0) 12 18.4 796 (12.0) 11 13.2
Two children 8,705 (33.3) 32.2 34.3 2,895 (26.8) 25.4 28.2 2,283 (35.0) 33.4 37.0 315 (29.4) 25.6 33.4 3,925 (31.8) 30 33.3 1,814 (24.6) 23 26.0
Three or more children 9,924 (33.1) 32.3 34.1 2,827 (27.9) 26.4 29.5 2,521 (34.3) 32.1 36.6 542 (53.1) 48.5 57.6 5,759 (43.4) 42 45.1 4,507 (61.6) 60 63.3
Interviewee has paid occupationc
No 9,697 (32.6) 31.5 33.8 4,516 (44.2) 42.4 46.0 2,260 (29.5) 27.6 31.5 357 (32.6) 28.6 36.8 4,656 (32.7) 31 34.3 2,348 (31.7) 30 33.7  < 0.001
Yes 17,185 (67.4) 66.2 69.0 5,486 (55.8) 54.0 57.7 4,288 (70.5) 68.5 72.4 667 (67.4) 63.2 71.4 7,548 (67.3) 66 68.8 4,850 (68.3) 66 70.2
STD reported in the last 12 months
Does not know STD signs/simptoms 8,161 (25.3) 24.0 26.6 3,849 (37.7) 35.9 40.0 1,088 (15.5) 13.9 17.2 347 (35.2) 30.7 40.0 3,891 (29.4) 28 31.0 4,101 (58.8) 57 61.1  < 0.001
No 18,561 (74.1) 72.8 75.4 6,083 (61.7) 59.9 64.0 5,392 (83.9) 82.1 85.5 666 (64.0) 59.2 68.5 8,214 (69.9) 68 71.4 3,067 (40.8) 39 43.1
Yes 145 (0.6) 0.4 0.8 65 (0.5) 0.3 0.7 65 (0.6) 0.4 0.9 11 (0.9) 0.5 1.6 84 (0.7) 0.5 0.9 27 (0.3) 0.2 0.5
Unknown 15 (0.04) 0.02 0.1 3 (0.1) 0.02 0.2 3 (0.04) 0.0 0.2 0 (0.0) 0,0 0,0 15 (0.1) 0 0.2 3 (0.02) 0 0.1  
Another sexual partner in the last 12 months in addition to the stable partnerd
No 25,150 (91.9) 91.2 92.5 9,601 (95.1) 94.3 95.9 6,170 (91.9) 90.4 93.2 1,000 (97.4) 95.6 98.5 11,664 (94.4) 94 95.2 7,090 (98.4) 98 98.7  < 0.001
Yes 1,725 (8.1) 7.5 8.8 398 (4.9) 4.1 5.7 378 (8.1) 6.8 9.6 24 (2.6) 1.5 4.4 539 (5.6) 4.8 6.5 106 (1.6) 1.3 2.1
Alcohol consumption by the partner in the last 12 monthse
No 4,871 (18.8) 17.9 19.8 2,078 (19.6) 18.3 20.9 1,250 (21.9) 20.0 23.9 190 (19.6) 16.3 23.3 2,505 (20.3) 19.0 21.7 1,643 (21.9) 21 23.4 0.001
Yes 22,010 (81.2) 80.2 82.1 7,925 (80.4) 79.1 81.7 5,298 (78.1) 76.1 80.1 834 (80.4) 76.7 83.7 9,697 (79.7) 78 81.0 5,555 (78.1) 77 79.5
  1. CI, confidence interval; IL, inferior limit; UL, upper limit
  2. aAll percentages are weighted
  3. b1 missing data
  4. c3 missing data
  5. d14 missing data
  6. e3 missing data
  7. fPearson's chi2 with Rao Scott correction