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Table 3 Association between physical intimate partner violence in the last 12 months and sociodemographic characteristics of women of childbearing age. Peru 2015–2017 (n = 63,859)

From: Rural–urban migration as a factor associated with physical and sexual intimate partner violence Peru 2015–2017: a secondary analysis of a national study

Levels   Report of violence in the last 12 months ph
Sociodemographic characteristics of women Yes, violence reported No reported violence
n = 7571 (11.0%) (CI 95% 10.6; 11.5) n = 56,288 (89.0%) (CI 95% 88.5; 89.5)
n (%)b CI 95% n (%)b CI 95%
Llb Ulb Llb Ulb
Individual Age
15–29 years 3487 (13.6) 12.9 14.4 21,459 (86.4) 85.6 87.1  
30–49 years 4074 (9.9) 9.4 10.4 34,829 (90.1) 89.6 90.7  
Educationc
None/Early education 163 (9.8) 8.1 11.9 1351 (90.2) 88.2 91.9  < 0.001
Primary 1891 (11.9) 10.9 12.9 14,158 (88.2) 87.1 89.1  
Secondary 3766 (12.5) 11.8 13.1 24,676 (87.6) 86.9 88.2  
Higher (non-university) 1128 (9.1) 8.3 10.1 9393 (90.9) 89.9 91.7  
Higher (University and Postgraduate) 622 (7.3) 6.4 8.4 6710 (92.7) 91.6 93.6  
History of physical aggression by father toward mother
No 2962 (8.1) 7.6 8.7 30,880 (91.9) 91.3 42.4  < 0.001
Yes 4331 (14.5) 13.8 15.3 23,396 (85.5) 84.7 86.2  
Does not know/Did not answer 278 (11.5) 9.0 14.6 2012 (88.5) 85.4 91  
Mother tongue
Spanish 6847 (10.9) 10.4 11.4 50,764 (89.1) 88.6 89.6 0.102
Quechua 601 (12.6) 11.3 14.1 4358 (87.4) 85.9 88.7  
Aymara 42 (15.1) 10.2 21.9 304 (85.0) 78.2 89.8  
Other indigenous language/foreign language 81 (11.1) 7.0 11.5 862 (89.0) 83.0 93.0  
Socioeconomic status
Lower quintile 1939 (11.3) 10.5 12.1 14,464 (88.7) 87.9 89.5  < 0.001
Second quintile 2426 (13.6) 12.7 14.5 14,955 (86.4) 85.5 87.3  
Third quintile 1696 (12.8) 11.8 13.9 11,549 (87.2) 86.1 88.2  
Fourth quintile 1040 (10.2) 9.2 11.4 8908 (89.8) 88.7 90.8  
Upper quintile 470 (5.9) 5.0 6.8 6412 (94.1) 93.2 95.0  
Number of children
None 171 (8.5) 6.8 10.6 1645 (91.5) 89.4 93.2  < 0.001
One child 1941 (11.3) 10.4 12.2 14,085 (88.7) 87.8 89.6  
Two children 2260 (10.1) 9.4 10.9 17,677 (89.9) 89.1 90.6  
Three or more children 3199 (12.0) 11.3 12.7 22,881 (88.0) 87.3 88.7  
Interviewee has paid occupationd
No 2525 (9.8) 9.1 10.5 21,307 (90.2) 89.5 90.9  < 0.001
Yes 5046 (11.6) 11.1 12.2 34,978 (88.4) 87.8 88.9  
STD reported in the last 12 months
Does not know STD signs/simptoms 2499 (11.4) 10.7 12.3 18,938 (88.5) 87.7 89.3  < 0.001
No 4961 (10.7) 10.2 11.2 37,022 (89.3) 88.8 89.8  
Yes 105 (26.1) 19.2 34.6 292 (73.9) 65.5 80.9  
Unknown 6 (8.9) 3.5 20.9 36 (91.1) 79.1 96.5  
Relationships Marital status
Married 1485 (7.6) 6.9 8.3 16,631 (92.4) 91.7 93.1  < 0.001
Cohabitating 4914 (12.3) 11.7 12.9 33,179 (87.7) 87.1 88.2  
Separated/Divorced/Widowed 1172 (13.1) 11.9 14.5 6478 (86.9) 85.5 88.1  
More than one sexual partner in the last 12 monthse
No 7001 (10.8) 10.4 11.3 53,674 (89.2) 88.7 89.7  < 0.001
Yes 565 (13.6) 11.8 15.5 2605 (86.4) 84.5 88.2  
Alcohol consumption by the partner in the last 12 monthsf
Yes 875 (6.9) 6.1 7.8 11,662 (93.1) 19.2 20.5  < 0.001
No 6696 (12.0) 11.5 12.5 44,623 (88.0) 87.5 88.5  
Social Internal migration
Non-migrant 2950 (10.3) 9.7 10.9 23,932 (89.7) 89.1 90.3  < 0.001
Recent migration 1344 (12.2) 11.3 13.3 8659 (87.8) 86.7 88.8  
Urban–Urban 773 (9.8) 8.6 11.1 5775 (90.2) 88.9 91.4  
Urban–Rural 151 (13.8) 11.1 16.9 873 (86.2) 83.1 88.9  
Rural–Urban 1534 (12.5) 11.3 13.7 10,670 (87.6) 86.3 88.7  
Rural–Rural 819 (10.8) 9.7 11.9 6379 (89.2) 88.1 90.3  
Time living in the place to which you migrated
Non-migrant 2950 (10.3) 9.7 10.9 23,932 (89.7) 89.1 90.3 0.004
Less than 5 years 1344 (12.2) 11.3 13.3 8659 (87.8) 86.7 88.8  
5 years or more 3277 (11.4) 10.7 12.2 23,697 (88.6) 87.8 89.3  
  1. CI, confidence interval; IL, inferior limit; UL, upper limit
  2. bWeighted percentages
  3. c1 missing data
  4. d3 missing data
  5. e14 missing data
  6. f3 missing data
  7. hPearson's chi2 with Rao Scott correction