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Table 10 Multivariate analysis of sexual violence among pregnant women in Kenya (2014), adjusted and weighted

From: Intimate partner violence among pregnant women in Kenya: forms, perpetrators and associations

Variable aOR 95% CI p-value
Age (continuous) 1.00 0.99–1.02 0.406
Age in 5-year-group
15–19\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
20–24 1.60 0.84–3.36 0.181
25–29 1.72 0.92–3.57 0.112
30–34 1.57 0.83–3.29 0.193
35–39 1.92 1.02–4.04 0.060
40–44 1.71 0.88–3.64 0.135
45–49 1.60 0.81–3.45 0.201
Age at first cohabitation
\(\le\) 14\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
15–17 1.29 1.06–1.58 0.012*
18+ 0.71 0.58–0.86 < 0.001**
Age at sexual debut
\(\le\) 14\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
15–17 1.34 1.10–1.62 0.003**
18+ 0.58 0.48–0.70 < 0.001**
Religion
Roman Catholic\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Protestant, other Christian 1.09 0.87–1.38 0.466
Muslim 0.29 0.18–0.45 < 0.001**
No religion 0.83 0.43–1.49 0.547
Other religion 1.40 0.31–4.45 0.608
Residence
Urban\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Rural 0.90 0.74–1.10 0.311
Region
Central\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Eastern 0.60 0.48–0.74 < 0.001**
Western 1.67 1.38–2.03 < 0.001**
Nairobi 2.60 1.50–4.42 < 0.001**
Marital status
Married or living together\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Divorced, separated, widowed 1.87 1.48–2.33 < 0.001**
Number of living children
\(0^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
1–2 0.97 0.78–1.21 0.801
3–4 1.14 0.94–1.38 0.173
5 0.98 0.77–1.25 0.858
Employment (yes) 1.84 1.48–2.31 < 0.001**
Education
No education\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Primary 1.85 1.36–2.55 < 0.001**
Secondary or higher 0.67 0.54–0.84 < 0.001**
Wealth quintile
Poorer or Poorest\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Middle 1.17 0.88–1.56 0.277
Richer or Richest 0.63 0.50–0.80 < 0.001**
Woman afraid of partner
Never\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Sometimes 3.65 2.90–4.59 < 0.001**
Most of the time 8.56 6.71–10.94 < 0.001**
Woman’s father beat mother 2.05 1.69–2.49 < 0.001**
Partner’s age
15–24\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
25–34 1.08 0.82–1.41 0.589
35+ 1.12 0.84–1.49 0.449
Partner’s education
No education\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Primary 2.52 1.75–3.72 < 0.001**
Secondary or higher 0.89 0.72–1.10 0.293
Partner working
Did not work\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Professional, technical, managerial or clerical or services 0.85 0.66–1.07 0.166
Manual or agricultural or household and domestic 1.18 0.94–1.48 0.167
Partner’s alcohol consumption
Never\(^{\mathrm{r}}\)    
Often 3.01 2.30–3.94 < 0.001**
Sometimes 0.35 0.26–0.45 < 0.001**
  1. Model is adjusted for woman’s age, education, ethnicity, employment and place of residence (urban, rural). Age variable is presented in years
  2. aOR, adjusted Odds Ratio. 95% CI, 95% Confidence Interval. \(^{\mathrm{r}}\)Reference group. *p-value \(<0.05\). **p-value \(<0.005\)