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Table 6 Distribution of selected variables according to sexual violence among women in Kenya (2014), weighted

From: Intimate partner violence among pregnant women in Kenya: forms, perpetrators and associations

Variable Sexual violence (n = 534) No sexual violence (n = 3484) No violence in any form (n=2008) p-value Chi-square or t-value
Age (mean) 32.3 (7.7) 31.6 (8.0) 31.3 (7.8) 0.058 − 1.900
Age in 5-year-group
15–19 1.4 3.0 2.8 0.199 8.580
20–24 14.8 16.3 17.1   
25–29 26.8 24.6 24.3   
30–34 17.8 19.1 19.1   
35–39 18.1 15.4 15.6   
40–44 12.3 12.4 12.6   
45–49 8.9 9.2 8.5   
Age at first cohabitation
\(\le\) 14 10.2 8.1 7.7 < 0.001 3.628
15–17 29.1 26.2 24.5   
18+ 60.7 65.7 67.8   
Age at sexual debut
\(\le\) 14 18.0 12.1 10.4 < 0.001 5.644
15–17 38.7 31.5 29.2   
18+ 43.0 56.4 60.4   
Religion
Roman Catholic 19.6 19.5 19.4 < 0.001 21.212
Protestant, other Christian 76.1 70.1 68.1   
Muslim 2.5 7.4 9.6   
No religion 1.7 2.6 2.6   
Other religion 0.2 0.4 0.3   
Residence
Urban 41.8 39.1 39.7 0.253 1.308
Rural 58.2 60.9 60.3   
Region
Central 7.7 13.7 14.3 < 0.001 127.970
Eastern 20.3 29.0 31.5   
Western 55.6 47.9 46.2   
Nairobi 16.4 9.3 8.0   
Marital status
Married or living together 72.0 85.0 89.2 < 0.001 70.560
Divorced, separated, widowed 28.0 15.0 10.8   
Number of living children
0 2.9 5.3 3.2 0.002 3.503
1–2 38.4 41.6 46.2   
3–4 33.8 30.3 29.0   
5+ 24.9 22.7 21.5   
Employment (yes) 79.3 71.3 66.8 < 0.001 14.105
Education
No education 6.5 9.8 10.9 < 0.001 33.949
Primary 67.3 54.8 52.0   
Secondary or higher 43.9 35.5 37.1   
Wealth quintile
Poorer or Poorest 38.0 36.8 35.3 0.063 8.930
Middle 22.7 18.3 17.8   
Richer or Richest 39.3 44.9 46.9   
Woman afraid of partner
Never 29.3 69.3 80.3 < 0.001 416.400
Sometimes 35.4 21.8 15.5   
Most of the time 35.3 8.8 4.2   
Timing of first violence after marriage
0 year 20.7 3.7 0.0 < 0.001 4.564
1–2 years 30.5 10.1 0.0   
3–4 years 18.5 6.4 0.0   
5–10 years 22.7 7.3 0.0   
11+ years 6.0 2.1 0.0   
Woman’s father beat mother 53.3 35.1 30.5 < 0.001 66.422
Partner’s age
15–24 1.0 3.2 2.8 0.028 − 2.198
25–34 25.8 30.9 32.9   
35+ 44.7 50.4 53.1   
Partner’s education
No education 4.8 7.8 8.3 < 0.001 24.970
Primary 51.2 46.1 43.4   
Secondary or Higher 43.5 44.9 46.9   
Partner working
Did not work 1.2 1.6 1.6 < 0.001 33.153
Professional, technical, managerial or clerical or services 23.7 24.8 27.1   
Manual or agricultural or household and domestic 74.0 72.7 70.2   
Partner’s alcohol consumption
Never 0.1 0.3 0.3 < 0.001 56.716
Often 30.7 11.1 5.7   
Sometimes 23.6 22.6 20.4   
Total 15–49 years 534 3484 2008   
  1. All variables are expressed as proportions (in %) except for age (mean and standard deviation). Age variables are presented in years
  2. Chi-square or t-value and p-value concern the sexual violence
  3. Bold indicates p-value < 0.05 is statistically significant