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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. To date, there is no reliable non-invasive marker for the early detection and diagnosis of endometriosis available possibly resulting in a delayed diagnosis and consequently an unnecessary long ordeal for the ...

    Authors: Lena Birke, Dunja M. Baston-Büst, Jan-Steffen Kruessel, Tanja N. Fehm and Alexandra P. Bielfeld

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Obstetric fistula is an abnormal opening between the vagina and bladder or rectum. Women affected by obstetric fistula are often abandoned by their husbands, stigmatized by the community, physically debilitate...

    Authors: Biruktawit Matiwos, Getachew Tesfaw, Asmare Belete, Dessie Abebaw Angaw and Shegaye Shumet

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The aim of this study is to compare anxiety, depression, body image, self-esteem, sexual function, and quality of life (QoL) between infertile women and control fertile women undergoing tubal ligation (TL) and...

    Authors: Mahnaz Ashrafi, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Negin Mirzaei, Nadia Jahangiri, Samaneh Youseflu and Malihe Nasiri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:318

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This case report presents a case of Vulvar Crohn’s disease (VCD) in an adolescent, that is an uncommon manifestation of Crohn’s disease (CD) without gastrointestinal symptoms. Before treating CD itself with pr...

    Authors: Suhra Kim, Young Bin Won, Seok Kyo Seo, SiHyun Cho, Young Sik Choi, Byung Seok Lee and Bo Hyon Yun

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:316

    Content type: Case report

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  5. In sub-Saharan Africa, the use of modern contraception (MC) is a critical intervention aimed at reducing mortality rates associated with unintended, high-risk pregnancies. However, among Congolese women aged 1...

    Authors: Megan G. Butler, Melanie Walker, Lesley A. Pablo and Susan A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Recently, relugolix, an oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor antagonist, has been considered an effective therapy for leiomyoma based on a phase 3 study in Japanese women. Leiomyoma combined with sever...

    Authors: Yukifumi Sasamori, Kohei Takehara, Tsuyoshi Terashima, Takako Onodera, Keita Yatsuki, Ippei Nakagawa, Yuko Takahashi, Haruka Nishida, Takayuki Ichinose, Haruko Hiraike and Kazunori Nagasaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:306

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Anovulation is one of the common causes of infertility. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common disorder with chronic Anovulation. To the best of our knowledge, insulin resistance relates significa...

    Authors: Maliheh Amirian, Sedigheh Shariat Moghani, Faezeh Jafarian, Masoumeh Mirteimouri, Shima Nikdoust, Shabnam Niroumand, Maryam Salehi and Aryan Payrovnaziri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The formation of a uterine artery pseudoaneurysm is rare and isolated cases have been reported in the existing literature following caesarean sections, curettages and cone biopsies. There has been no report of...

    Authors: Judith Ong, Kelvin Lee, Soe-Na Choo, Stanley Loh, Li Min Lim, Yee Yong Chen and Kuldip Singh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:298

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Consequences of long-term B cell depletion with rituximab are not well understood. We describe inflammatory vaginitis as a potential side effect of long-term rituximab treatment, distinct from previously descr...

    Authors: Laura Yockey, Sarah Dowst, Reza Zonozi, Noah Huizenga, Patrick Murphy, Karen Laliberte, Jillian Rosenthal, John L. Niles and Caroline M. Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Malignant obstruction and associated hydronephrosis is a common complication of advanced cervical cancer. Percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) followed by antegrade stenting is often required to relieve obstruction ...

    Authors: Yi-Hsuan Chen, Marcelo Chen and Yu-Hsin Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:270

    Content type: Case report

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  11. An adenomyoma is a well circumscribed form of adenomyosis and can be located within the myometrium, in the endometrium as a polyp, or extrauterine with the last being the rarest presentation amongst the three....

    Authors: Mohammed Nagdi Zaki, Aafia Mohammed Farooq Gheewale, Nada Ibrahim and Ibrahim Abd Elrahman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:269

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Robert’s uterus is a rare Mullerian anomaly, which can be described as an asymmetric, septate uterus with a non-communicating hemicavity. Herein, we present the case of a misdiagnosed Robert’s uterus, resultin...

    Authors: Iori Kisu, Kanako Nakamura, Tetsuro Shiraishi, Tomoko Iijima, Moito Iijima, Kiyoko Matsuda and Nobumaru Hirao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:264

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Colposcopy offers an accurate way to the diagnose of cervical precancerous lesions. However, the diagnostic accuracy of colposcopy is unsatisfied. This study was to evaluate colposcopic accuracy according to t...

    Authors: Bei Zhang, Shuhui Hong, Guihui Zhang and Fengnian Rong

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The purpose of this study was to compare cervical cancer screening by pap smear (PS) versus preliminary HPV testing based on self-collected samples (SC-HPV).

    Authors: Laura Reques, Camille Rolland, Anne Lallemand, Najat Lahmidi, Ezequiel Aranda-Fernández, Antonio Lazzarino, Julie Bottero, Françoise Hamers, Christine Bergeron, Ken Haguenoer, Guy Launoy and Niklas Luhmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:221

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Laparoscopic surgery has been described as a minimally invasive surgery. The purpose of this study is to clarify its minimal invasive features using a patient questionnaire on the postoperative quality of life...

    Authors: Yasushi Kotani, Kosuke Murakami, Risa Fujishima, Akiko Kanto, Hisamitsu Takaya, Masao Shimaoka, Hidekatsu Nakai and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:219

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:238

  16. The sterilizing effect of cancer treatment depends mostly on the chemotherapy regimen and extent of radiotherapy. Prediction of long-term reproductive outcomes among cancer survivors according to chemo-radioth...

    Authors: Gilad Karavani, Amihai Rottenstreich, Natali Schachter-Safrai, Adiel Cohen, Michael Weintraub, Tal Imbar and Ariel Revel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Caesarean scar defect (CSD) seriously affects female reproductive health. In this study, we aim to evaluate uterine scar healing by transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) in nonpregnant women with cesarean section (CS)...

    Authors: Xingchen Zhou, Tao Zhang, Huayuan Qiao, Yi Zhang and Xipeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Ovarian abscesses, which occur mostly in sexually active women via recurrent salpingitis, occur rarely in virginal adolescent girls. Here, we present a case of an ovarian abscess in a virginal adolescent girl...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Murata, Yuta Endo, Shigenori Furukawa, Atsushi Ono, Yuichiroh Kiko, Shu Soeda, Takafumi Watanabe, Toshifumi Takahashi and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:198

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Primary ovarian serous carcinomas (OSC) with extensive squamous differentiation is a rare, and histological diagnostic criteria and biological behavior have not been fully established. We present an extremely ...

    Authors: Yao Sun, Yuezhou Chen, Xiaofei Zhang, Hao Chen and Feng Zhou

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:193

    Content type: Case report

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  20. 20–25% of women with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (HSIL) have residual lesions after conization. The state of the margin is generally considered to be a risk factor for recurrence or persiste...

    Authors: Xinmei Wang, Juan Xu, Yang Gao and Pengpeng Qu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:228

  21. Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) is a potentially life-threatening disease that primarily occurs in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. NE has substantial morbidity and mortality, and its incidence has in...

    Authors: Masako Ishikawa, Kentaro Nakayama, Sultana Razia, Akiko Ishida, Hitomi Yamashita, Tomoka Ishibashi, Seiya Sato, Kiyoka Sawada, Hiroki Sasamori, Sonomi Kurose, Noriyoshi Ishikawa and Satoru Kyo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:187

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a very rare condition, develops both in patients with other hematological neoplasms, and as isolated tumor. MS of the gynecologic tract is extremely rare. An available literature data a...

    Authors: Aleksina Shatilova, Larisa Girshova, Daniil Zaytsev, Irina Budaeva, Yuliya Mirolyubova, Darya Ryzhkova, Roman Grozov, Konstantin Bogdanov, Tatiana Nikulina, Dmitriy Motorin, Darina Zammoeva, Svetlana Efremova, Vladimir Ivanov, Alexey Petukhov, Yuliya Alekseeva and Andrey Zaritskey

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:184

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Cervical cancer treatment and care remains limited in Zimbabwe despite the growing burden of the disease among women. This study was aimed at investigating strategies to address barriers in accessing treatment...

    Authors: Oscar Tapera, Greta Dreyer, Anna Mary Nyakabau, Webster Kadzatsa, Babill Stray-Pedersen and Stephen James Heinrich Hendricks

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  24. HPV cervical cancer screening (CCS) must use validated HPV tests based on the molecular detection of either viral mRNA (Aptima HPV Assay—AHPV) or DNA. AHPV has demonstrated the same cross-sectional and longitu...

    Authors: R. Ibáñez, M. Mareque, R. Granados, D. Andía, M. García-Rojo, J. C. Quílez and I. Oyagüez

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Accessing surgical repair poses challenges to women living with female genital fistula who experience intersectional vulnerabilities including poverty, gender, stigma and geography. Barriers to fistula care ha...

    Authors: Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charlotte Warren and Vandana Tripathi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This biomechanical analysis of hysterectomy specimens assesses the forces associated with intrauterine device placement. These include compressive forces required to cause uterine perforation with two commonly...

    Authors: Jane Duncan, Kathryn Fay, Jessica Sanders, Benjamin Cappiello, Jane Saviers-Steiger and David K. Turok

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Cronobacter sakazakii (C. sakazakii) is a bacterium known to cause severe neonatal infections in premature infants with the consumption of contaminated powdered milk formula. Adult infections are rare, and there ...

    Authors: Satoshi Ohira, Eri Ikeda, Kyosuke Kamijo, Tomokuni Nagai, Koji Tsunemi, Natsuki Uchiyama, Naoki Matsubara and Ryota Tachibana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:136

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. A diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and its related phenotypic features including increased hair growth can affect a woman’s social and emotional well-being. We aim to determine firstly, if excess ...

    Authors: Samantha A. Neubronner, Inthrani R. Indran, Yiong Huak Chan, Angelica Win Pa Thu and Eu-Leong Yong

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics, and the recurrence and prognostic factors of borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs).

    Authors: Lina Niu, Huihui Tian, Yongjun Xu, Jieqiong Cao, Xu Zhang, Junli Zhang, Jiajia Hou, Weiqin Lv, Junxia Wang, Li Xin, XuFeng Dong, Tao Xu, Yuan Nan, Hua Wei, Xinting Chai, Na Li…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. In today’s world, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the most critical health problem and research is continued on studying the associated factors. But it is not clear whether endometriosis increases the r...

    Authors: Bahram Moazzami, Shahla Chaichian, Saeed Samie, Masoumeh Majidi Zolbin, Fatemeh Jesmi, Meisam Akhlaghdoust, Mahin Ahmadi Pishkuhi, Zahra Sadat Mirshafiei, Fereshteh Khalilzadeh and Dorsa Safari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Extragonadal endometriosis is a rare condition, and its disease manifestation and long-term prognosis have not been elucidated. We report an extragonadal endometriosis case controlled by drug therapy for 14 ye...

    Authors: Akiko Kanto, Yasushi Kotani, Kosuke Murakami, Chiho Miyagawa, Hidekatsu Nakai and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:118

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. The aim of our present study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment status and complications in women with endometriosis (EM) and tube ovarian abscess (TOA) to determine the possible associ...

    Authors: Hui Li, Yan Zhao, Xiao-hong Chang, Yue Wang and Hong-lan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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