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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

Section edited by Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, and Zephne van der Spuy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Endometriosis can be associated with considerable pain and sterility. After surgical excision of moderate or severe endometriosis lesions, the rate of recurrence reaches up to 67%. The objective of this retros...

    Authors: Cordula Schippert, Yvonne Witte, Janina Bartels, Guillermo-José Garcia-Rocha, Matthias Jentschke, Peter Hillemanns and Sudip Kundu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A wide range of drugs have been studied for first trimester medical abortion. Studies evaluating different regimens, including combination mifepristone and misoprostol and misoprostol alone regimens, show vary...

    Authors: Ferid A. Abubeker, Antonella Lavelanet, Maria I. Rodriguez and Caron Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:142

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been regarded as the cause of cervical cancer in over 99% of cases, only a small fraction of HPV-infected women develop this malignancy. Emerging evidence sugg...

    Authors: Wei Sun, Xueyun Qin, Jing Zhou, Mingjing Xu, Zhangyan Lyu, Xin Li, Kai Zhang, Min Dai, Ni Li and Dong Hang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a reproductive tract infection that affects health of women. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of simple and mixed AV patients in Xi’an district and provi...

    Authors: Taohong Zhang, Yan Xue, Ting Yue, Lili Xiong, Xiaowei Wang, Weihong Wang, Ying Liu and Ruifang An

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, MRKHS, is a rare (orphan) disease characterized by the aplasia or hypoplasia of the uterus and the vagina. In women's health research, little is known as to how muc...

    Authors: Sara Yvonne Brucker, Leonie-Sophia Pösch, Joachim Graf, Alexander N. Sokolov, Norbert Schaeffeler, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Anke Wagner, Esther Ueding, Monika A. Rieger, Dorit Schöller, Diana Stefanescu, Kristin Katharina Rall, Diethelm Wallwiener and Elisabeth Simoes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To investigate the age-dependent changes in circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in healthy Arabic-speaking Lebanese women, and to correlate changes in serum AMH levels with serum FSH and LH values,...

    Authors: Eddie Racoubian, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Ramzi R. Finan and Wassim Y. Almawi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The use of implants has steadily increased in Kinshasa since 2013 but clinic-based access to this family planning method is limited due to distance and costs barriers. The objective of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Julie H. Hernandez, Pierre Akilimali, Annie Glover and Jane T. Bertrand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The universally adopted 2018 PCOS medical diagnostic and treatment guidelines for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) cites the need for a brief screening measure that can be easily administered in the clinical...

    Authors: Michael J. Boivin, Farnaz Fatehi, Amy E. Phillips-Chan, Julia R. Richardson, Amanda N. Summers and Steven A. Foley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:132

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Nearly all uterine cervical cancer (UCC) cases result from human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. After high-risk HPV infection, most HPV infections are naturally cleared by humoral and cell-mediated immune res...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Hua-ling Zhang, Zhao-yuan Niu, Zhen Wang, Yan Kong, Xing-sheng Yang and Fang Yuan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The quality of life (QoL) of patients with endometriosis and infertility was assessed in different stages and correlated with the clinical features of the cases.

    Authors: Marina Pessoa de Farias Rodrigues, Fabia Lima Vilarino, Alessandra de Souza Barbeiro Munhoz, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Victor Zaia and Caio Parente Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Hysterectomy is one of the most common gynaecological procedures performed worldwide. The magnitude of the complications related to hysterectomy and their risk factors are bound to differ based on locations, a...

    Authors: Daniel Michael, Alex Mremi, Patricia Swai, Benjamin C. Shayo and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:122

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Though obesity is associated with some malignancies, its association with cervical cancer is still inconclusive. This study was aimed at determining if there was an association between obesity and cervical epi...

    Authors: Silas Onyemaechi Okoro, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Peter Onubiwe Nkwo, Uzochukwu U. Aniebue, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba and Chibuike Ogwuegbu Chigbu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although intrauterine contraceptive device is highly effective, safe, long term and reversible method of contraception, the general population and physicians refuse. IUDs for nulliparous women due to persisten...

    Authors: Reham Refaat Elkhateeb, Eman Kishk, Ahmad Sanad, Haitham Bahaa, Abdel Rahman Hagazy, Kareem Shaheen, Enas Moustafa, Hahem Fares, Khalid Gomaa and Ahmad Mahran

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:117

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Little research is available on follicular development and endometrial receptivity in older women. This study aimed to assess follicular development and endometrial receptivity, and to evaluate ultrasonic para...

    Authors: Li Wang, Shulan Lv, Wenjun Mao, E. Bai and Xiaofeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The presence of chronic deciduitis (CD) was determined in patients diagnosed with or without chronic endometritis (CE) before pregnancy.

    Authors: Shoji Kaku, Takuro Kubo, Fuminori Kimura, Akiko Nakamura, Jun Kitazawa, Aina Morimune, Akimasa Takahashi, Akie Takebayashi, Akiko Takashima, Ryoji Kushima and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To investigate the characteristics of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) lesion distribution when associated with ovarian endometrioma (OEM).

    Authors: Hungling Kwok, Hongye Jiang, Tian Li, Huan Yang, Hui Fei, Li Cheng, Shuzhong Yao and Shuqin Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This study aims to analyze the effect of the body mass index (BMI) on E2, P and LH values in females who received intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment on human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day.

    Authors: Li-Ting Wang, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Hong-Liang Sun, Xue Wang, Xue-Feng Li, Yan-Lin Wang and Qing-Chun Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:105

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The World Health Organization recommends postpartum family planning (PPFP) for healthy birth spacing. This study is an evaluation of an intervention that sought to improve women’s access to PPFP in Tanzania. T...

    Authors: Erin Pearson, Leigh Senderowicz, Elina Pradhan, Joel Francis, Projestine Muganyizi, Iqbal Shah, David Canning, Mahesh Karra, Nzovu Ulenga and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Unsafe abortion accounts for nearly 60% of all gynecologic admissions and almost 30% of all obstetric and gynecologic admissions. Studies on abortion in Ethiopia have given less attention to women’s perception...

    Authors: Getasew Mulat Bantie, Amare Alamirew Aynie, Mihret kassa Assefa, Ayele Semachew Kasa, Tigabu Birhan Kassa and Gebiyaw Wudie Tsegaye

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Breastfeeding is one of the most important interfering factors in infants’ health. Monitoring mothers’ performance and providing them with the feedback helps to increase their self-efficacy, interest in learni...

    Authors: Fahimeh Sehhatie Shafaei, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Shiva Havizari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Endometriosis have a negative influence on women’s sexual life. The aim of the current study was to test a conceptual model considering the interrelated role of anxiety, depression, sleep quality, physical act...

    Authors: Samaneh Youseflu, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Mahnaz Bahri Khomami and Malihe Nasiri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Extrauterine leiomyomata is an uncommon lesion that can lead to several problems of differential diagnosis, especially when localized in the external genitalia. There are few reports in the English literature ...

    Authors: Gianmarco Taraschi, Diego Aguiar, Jean Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat and Jasmine Abdulcadir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:89

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2020 20:110

  23. Fertility preservation for both medical and non-medical reasons are gaining increasing attention world-wide. This study aimed to evaluate the awareness, knowledge and acceptance on fertility preservation in Ho...

    Authors: Suet Ying YEUNG, Elaine Yee Lee Ng, Terence Tzu Hsi LAO, Tin Chiu Li and Jacqueline Pui Wah CHUNG

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Congenital genital tract outflow obstruction may occur at different levels and with different clinical presentations. Winter syndrome was first described in 1968 as an association of renal, genital and middle ...

    Authors: Aziz Slaoui, Sarah Talib, Abdelali Kallali, Mariem Rouijel and Aziz Baydada

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:76

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Diverticulum, one of the long-term sequelae of cesarean section, can cause abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain. Hysteroscopic resection of diverticula is thought to reduce abnormal ...

    Authors: Hui Shi, Jingyan He, Yunhe Gao, Shuang Qin, Jiaying Fan, Qing Xiao, Kuanrong Li and Huiying Liang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To reflect on the impact of changing patterns of delayed marriage and reproduction and to seek evidence as to whether menopause is still evolving, characteristics of the menopause transition were investigated ...

    Authors: Shirley Chan, Alyssa Gomes and Rama Shankar Singh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

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  27. This study aims to evaluate: 1) the prevalence of Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) in women affected by type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and the control group; 2) the correlation between duration of DM, HbA1C levels ...

    Authors: Virginia Zamponi, Rossella Mazzilli, Olimpia Bitterman, Soraya Olana, Cristina Iorio, Camilla Festa, Chiara Giuliani, Fernando Mazzilli and Angela Napoli

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Vitamin E, which is critically important in the whole process of reproduction, can antagonize the oxidative stress caused by the oxygen free radicals and antioxidant imbalance and regulate normal physiological...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Qian Guo, Ying-hao Pei, Qing-ling Ren, Lei Chi, Rong-kui Hu and Yong Tan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder affecting about 10% of women in reproductive age and associated with a variety of hormonal abnormalities, including hyperandrogenemia and infertility, ...

    Authors: Hussain H. Almalki, Turki M. Alshibani, Abdullah A. Alhifany and Omar A. Almohammed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Müllerianosis is a very rare neoplasm composed of two or three Müllerian derived tissues (endosalpinx, endometrium and endocervix). We report the first case of concurrent müllerianosis of the urinary bladder a...

    Authors: Syu Jhang, Marcelo Chen and Li-Chen Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:66

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, and it is also the cancer disease that most women die from. The high mortality rate is partly due to low attendance rates to screening s...

    Authors: Aleksandra Bakiewicz, Vibeke Rasch, Julius Mwaiselage and Ditte S. Linde

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cervical cancer remains a global health problem especially in remote areas of developing countries which have limited resources for cervical cancer screening. In this study, we evaluated the performance of a l...

    Authors: Ali Naqvi, Niti Manglik, Ellen Dudrey, Cynthia Perry, Zuber D. Mulla and Jorge L. Cervantes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Adenomyosis is a benign gynecological condition in which endometrial tissue or endometrial-like tissue develops within the uterine myometrium. Few cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation has been repor...

    Authors: Fuminori Kimura, Akimasa Takahashi, Jun Kitazawa, Fumi Yoshino, Daisuke Katsura, Tsukuru Amano and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:56

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Endometrial sampling for the surveillance of women with Lynch syndrome is an invasive and painful procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a less invasive procedure of collecting vit...

    Authors: Jorien M. Woolderink, Geertruida H. De Bock, Bettien M. van Hemel, Erwin Geuken, Harry Hollema, Naomi Werner and Marian J. Mourits

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Acute water intoxication after hysteroscopy is a rare, life-threatening condition, often accompanied with delayed diagnosis owing to masked symptoms because of general anesthesia.

    Authors: Chen-Yi Liao, Chang-Han Lo, Mu-Xian Yu, Wei-Hung Chan, Kuang-yu Wei, Min-Feng Tseng and Chia-Chao Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:52

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), such as preeclampsia (PE) or the Hemolysis Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome are associated with elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks, ...

    Authors: Hella E. C. Muijsers, Olivier W. H. van der Heijden, Karin de Boer, Chantal van Bijsterveldt, Ciska Buijs, Jens Pagels, Peter Tönnies, Susanne Heiden, Nel Roeleveld and Angela H. E. M. Maas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. To investigate the effectiveness and safety of 3 mg drospirenone and 20 μg ethinyl estradiol tablet (3 mg DRSP/20 μg EE) in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

    Authors: Li Li, Ruiqin Zhang, Jing Zeng, Hu Ke, Xiuhong Peng, Liying Huang, Hongmei Zhang, Zhijing Chen, Tian Tian Li, Qiuxiao Tan, Ying Yang, Xiaofang Li and Xin Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The goal of cervical cancer screening is to identify dysplastic lesions for subsequent excision in order to prevent invasive disease. There is clinical equipoise, on how to best follow women for disease survei...

    Authors: Nicholas Papalia, Amanda Rohla, Selphee Tang, Jill Nation and Gregg Nelson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Menopause is associated with changes in sexual function which are partly due to vaginal atrophy in response to estrogen reduction. Estrogen administration temporarily reduces the symptoms of vaginal dryness, b...

    Authors: Zinat Sarebani, Zainab Alimoradi, Ehsan Aali, Monirsadat Mirzadeh, Venus Chegini, Mohammadreza Abbaspour and Mark D. Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Pictorial blood loss assessment charts (PBACs) represent the most widely used method to assess menstrual blood loss (MBL) in clinical trials. The aims of this review were to: (1) determine the diagnostic accur...

    Authors: Julia L. Magnay, Shaughn O’Brien, Christoph Gerlinger and Christian Seitz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Patients deciding to undergo dilation and evacuation (D&E) or induction abortion for fetal anomalies or complications may be greatly influenced by the counseling they receive. We sought to compare maternal-fet...

    Authors: J. L. Kerns, J. K. Turk, C. M. Corbetta-Rastelli, M. G. Rosenstein, A. B. Caughey and J. E. Steinauer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Women’s empowerment is a process wherein females are afforded power over their own lives as well as their participation in the communities and larger societies to which they belong. An important aspect of such...

    Authors: Zahra Kiani, Masoumeh Simbar, Mahrokh Dolatian and Farid Zayeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In the literature under review there are about 300 reported cases of vaginal leiomyomas with none from Cameroon. We report a case of vaginal leiomyoma and highlight the diagnostic challenges faced at the Doual...

    Authors: Thomas Obinchemti Egbe, Fidelia Mbi Kobenge, Junette Arlette Mbengono Metogo, Emmanuella Manka’a Wankie, Paul N. Tolefac and Eugene Belley-Priso

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:12

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Endometriosis is defined as a chronic inflammatory disease. Recent studies have shown that increased coagulation parameters including fibrinogen and platelets are associated with endometriosis. The objective o...

    Authors: Shaojie Ding, Qiao Lin, Tianhong Zhu, Tiantian Li, Libo Zhu, Jianzhang Wang and Xinmei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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