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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. Vaginal mesh implants are medical devices used in a number of operations to treat stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Although many of these operations have delivered good outcomes, some wom...

    Authors: Nikolina Angelova, Louise Taylor, Lorna McKee, Naomi Fearns and Tracey Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The major types of hormonal contraception used currently in Ethiopia are progestogen-only. This study aimed to assess the differences in anthropometry indices, blood pressure, and lipid profile among women usi...

    Authors: Mulu Shiferaw, Woldeteklehaymanot Kassahun and Belay Zawdie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Breastfeeding and postpartum contraception critically influence infant and maternal health outcomes. In this pilot study, we explore the effects of timing and duration of postpartum levonorgestrel exposure on ...

    Authors: Niaree G. Hopelian, Rebecca G. Simmons, Jessica N. Sanders, Katherine Ward, Sabrina Malone Jenkins, Eve Espey and David K. Turok

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  4. With the introduction of oncogenic Human Papillomavirus (HPV) testing into cervical screening there is a renewed focus on primary prevention among high-risk groups. To date, little is known about the effective...

    Authors: Catriona Buick, K. Joan Murphy, Doris Howell and Kelly Metcalfe

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of incidental findings on transvaginal ultrasound scan in women referred with pelvic organ prolapse by a general practitioner and to investigate which fu...

    Authors: Lone Pedersen, Marianne Glavind-Kristensen and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Since the introduction of sentinel node biopsy (SLNB) in unifocal vulvar cancer (diameter of < 4 cm) and unsuspicious groin lymph nodes, the morbidity rate of patients has significantly decreased globally. In ...

    Authors: Andreas Suhartoyo Winarno, Anne Mondal, Franca Christina Martignoni, Tanja Natascha Fehm and Monika Hampl

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Colposcopy serves as a subjective examination of the cervix with low sensitivity to detect cervical intraepithelial dysplasia (CIN) grade 2 or worse (CIN2 +). Dynamic spectral imaging (DSI) colposcopy has been...

    Authors: Berit Bargum Booth, Lone Kjeld Petersen, Jan Blaakaer, Tonje Johansen, Henrik Mertz, Katja Dahl and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Women with endometriosis are commonly treated by their sole provider. In this single-provider model of care, women frequently report long diagnostic delays, unresolved pelvic pain, multiple laparoscopic surger...

    Authors: Sanjay K. Agarwal, Oscar Antunez-Flores, Warren G. Foster, Ashwaq Hermes, Shahrokh Golshan, Ahmed M. Soliman, Amanda Arnold and Rebecca Luna

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There have been considerable studies on the effects of reproductive factors on thyroid cancer risk, while findings are inconsistent. In this analysis, we aimed to investigate the associations between menstrual...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Wei-Wei Gong, Qing-Fang He, Ru-Ying Hu and Min Yu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Diagnostic follow-up of women with an abnormal Pap test is necessary to resolve the risk developing cervical cancer. The purpose of this study is to describe patient characteristics associated with timely rece...

    Authors: Thelma Carrillo, Jane R. Montealegre, Christina G. Bracamontes, Michael E. Scheurer, Michele Follen and Zuber D. Mulla

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The use of contraceptives is an essential public health concept that improves overall safe motherhood and infant health. Women empowerment has been reported to influence health behaviors in women. With recent ...

    Authors: Owen Nkoka, Daphne Lee, Kun-Yang Chuang and Ying-Chih Chuang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Symptomatic prolapse impairs quality of life. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is considered an important outcome of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. However, it is rarely reported, and measures are ...

    Authors: Tadesse Belayneh, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Mulat Adefris, Guri Rortveit, Janne Lillelid Gjerde and Tadesse Awoke Ayele

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  13. It is unclear whether transverse uterine incision is non-inferior to longitudinal incision during myomectomy with regard to bleeding. Our aim was to compare between transverse and longitudinal uterine incision...

    Authors: Alaa Elguindy, Hosam Hemeda, Mohamed Esmat Shawky, Mohamed Elsenity, Medhat Adel Elsayed, Ahmed Fahim, Khaled Afifi and Maii Nawara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Less attention has been given to younger adults’ psycho-oncology care needs than to children and older adults with cancer. The aim was to explore how care following end-of-treatment was perceived by women trea...

    Authors: Elisabet Mattsson, Lisa Ljungman, Kim Einhorn, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Karin Stålberg and Anna Wikman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pelvic hematoma is a common finding following hysterectomy which at times may become infected causing substantial morbidity. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, clinical manifestation and iden...

    Authors: Henry H. Chill, Itshak Amsalem, Gilad Karavani, Sharon Amit, Abraham Benshushan and David Shveiky

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:272

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Whether routine lymph node dissection for early endometrial cancer is beneficial to survival is still controversial. However, surgeons usually perform lymph node dissection on all patients with early endometri...

    Authors: Guangmin Zhang, Hongyou Chen, Yanying Liu, Liyan Niu, Liming Jin, Dong Li, Lihua Song, Lifei Shang, Xiangya Lin, Fei Wang, Fengtong Li, Xinyu Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yan Gao, Dongyu Qiu, Yunpu Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The purpose of this study was to clarify the reliability and validity of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength assessment using the MizCure perineometer in healthy women.

    Authors: Yui Abe-Takahashi, Takeya Kitta, Mifuka Ouchi, Minori Okayauchi, Hiroki Chiba, Madoka Higuchi, Mio Togo and Nobuo Shinohara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Fascin is an actin-binding protein and highly expressed in ovarian cancer cells. It is associated with metastasis of cancer and may be a useful prognostic factor. Anticancer activity of curcumin is related to ...

    Authors: Mi Ju Kim, Ki-Su Park, Kyoung-Tae Kim and Eun Young Gil

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Stress urinary incontinence worsens living conditions as far as the occupational, social, mental, physical and sexual aspects of a woman’s life. Despite its real impact on the everyday lives of millions of wom...

    Authors: Joanna Witkoś and Magdalena Hartman-Petrycka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Portable devices that can be used to perform colposcopy may improve cervical cancer screening in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where access to colposcopy is limited. The objective of this study was t...

    Authors: Katayoun Taghavi, Eliane Rohner, Partha Basu, Nicola Low, Anne Rutjes and Julia Bohlius

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Behavioural and structural factors related to sex work, place female sex workers (FSWs) at high risk of maternal mortality and morbidity (MMM), with a large portion due to unintended pregnancies and abortions....

    Authors: Gentiane Perrault Sullivan, Fernand Aimé Guédou, Georges Batona, Frédéric Kintin, Luc Béhanzin, Lisa Avery, Emmanuelle Bédard, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Djimon Marcel Zannou, Adolphe Kpatchavi and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Dysregulated endothelial cell growth is involved in many types of human cancer, including cervical cancer. LncRNA GATA6-AS was reported to regulate endothelial cell growth, suggesting it might involve in cervi...

    Authors: Xiaoying Zhao, Huzhong Zheng and Jun Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The aim of this study was to explore the personal views of female gynecologists regarding the management of POP with a particular focus on the issue of uterine sparing surgery.

    Authors: Peter Urdzík, Vladimir Kalis, Mija Blaganje, Zdenek Rusavy, Martin Smazinka, Martin Havir, Rastislav Dudič and Khaled M. Ismail

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Female sexual dysfunction is a common condition that negatively impacts the emotional health and quality of life of the affected individuals. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are becoming increasi...

    Authors: Igor Fernando de Aquino Moreira, Maria Passos Bianchini, Gabrielle Rodrigues Campos Moreira, Alessandra Maciel Almeida and Bruno Almeida Rezende

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:240

    Content type: Research article

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  25. No known studies have been undertaken in South Africa exploring the contraceptive and fertility needs and preferences of women of reproductive age (18–49) diagnosed with breast cancer. This study set out to un...

    Authors: Jane Harries, Deborah Constant, Lydia Cairncross and Jennifer Moodley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) is a malignant tumour composed of spindle cells. The incidence of SC is low, especially in the uterus. The imaging features of uterine sarcomatoid carcinoma (USC) are rarely reported...

    Authors: Tingting Cui, Yanfang Jin, Bin Li, Jiyuan Li and Yunlong Yue

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:223

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Unmet need for contraception contributes to the burden of unwanted pregnancies, which are correlated with a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence an...

    Authors: Anthony Wemakor, Humphrey Garti, Nawaf Saeed, Obed Asumadu and Bede Anyoka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:222

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A new estrogen-free contraceptive has been approved by both the FDA and more than 15 European authorities. It is composed of drospirenone (DRSP) at a dosage of 4 mg in a regimen 24/4. The molecule is known to ...

    Authors: Santiago Palacios, Enrico Colli and Pedro-Antonio Regidor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is a need for a standardized way to measure person-centered care for abortion. This study developed and validated a measure of person-centered abortion care.

    Authors: May Sudhinaraset, Amanda Landrian, Patience A. Afulani, Beth Phillips, Nadia Diamond-Smith and Sun Cotter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The 30-Item Endometriosis Health Profile (EHP-30) is a specific instrument measuring quality of life among women with endometriosis. Although the Swedish version of EHP-30 is widely used in research and clinic...

    Authors: Hanna Grundström, Anna Rauden, Per Wikman and Matts Olovsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Pelvic girdle pain is a common problem during pregnancy. For most women, the symptoms cease within the first 3–6 months of giving birth, but in some women the pain persists. In this study we investigate the se...

    Authors: Niklas Rexelius, Anne Lindgren, Thomas Torstensson, Per Kristiansson and Sahruh Turkmen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:201

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Hysterectomy is a common procedure worldwide and removing healthy fallopian tubes at the time of hysterectomy (opportunistic salpingectomy) to possibly prevent ovarian cancer is increasing in frequency, but st...

    Authors: Elin Collins, Maria Lindqvist, Ingrid Mogren and Annika Idahl

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Early detecting hydatidiform mole in missed abortion is challenge. In this retrospective observational study, we analysed the sensitivity of detecting hydatidiform mole by pre-evacuation ultrasound examination...

    Authors: Yunhui Tang, Chenqi Zhu, Chen Zhu, Feng Liang, Arier Lee, Xiaoying Yao and Qi Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The population of Nigeria is estimated at over 190 million and it is projected to increase by 44% between 2015 and 2030. However, less than one-quarter of women within reproductive age in Nigeria uses modern c...

    Authors: Oluwafemi David Alo, Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Olugbenga K. Omisile, Ebere Joy Ubah, Odunayo Esther Adelusi and Ochanya Idoko-Asuelimhen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Endometriosis is a long-standing progressive disease that affects women of reproductive age. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is one of non-invasive blood biomarker that was detected in sera of end...

    Authors: Sahar Mohamed Yehya Elbaradie, Mohamed Sobhy Bakry and Almandouh Hussein Bosilah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Female genital mutilation is defined as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of external female genitalia, or other injuries to the female genital organs for cultural and religious purposes. In...

    Authors: Gedif Melese, Mulugeta Tesfa, Yewbmirt Sharew and Tsegaye Mehare

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study evaluated treatment patterns among women diagnosed with symptomatic uterine fibroids (UF) in the United States. Data were retrospectively extracted from the IBM Watson Health MarketScan® Commercial ...

    Authors: Nicole Gidaya Bonine, Erika Banks, Amanda Harrington, Anna Vlahiotis, Laura Moore-Schiltz and Patrick Gillard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is prevalent in women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Vaginal estrogen is effective GSM treatment. This study was primarily aimed to evaluate the effects of vagi...

    Authors: Thanapob Bumphenkiatikul, Krasean Panyakhamlerd, Thanittha Chatsuwan, Chai Ariyasriwatana, Ammarin Suwan, Charoen Taweepolcharoen and Nimit Taechakraichana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study aimed to compare the lifestyle factors and SQ between women with and without endometriosis. Also in this essay, the influence of food intake, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics on sleep ...

    Authors: Samaneh Youseflu, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Ghazall Roshanzadeh, Azadeh Mottaghi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Ashraf Moini

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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