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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. Accessing surgical repair poses challenges to women living with female genital fistula who experience intersectional vulnerabilities including poverty, gender, stigma and geography. Barriers to fistula care ha...

    Authors: Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charlotte Warren and Vandana Tripathi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  2. This biomechanical analysis of hysterectomy specimens assesses the forces associated with intrauterine device placement. These include compressive forces required to cause uterine perforation with two commonly...

    Authors: Jane Duncan, Kathryn Fay, Jessica Sanders, Benjamin Cappiello, Jane Saviers-Steiger and David K. Turok

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Cronobacter sakazakii (C. sakazakii) is a bacterium known to cause severe neonatal infections in premature infants with the consumption of contaminated powdered milk formula. Adult infections are rare, and there ...

    Authors: Satoshi Ohira, Eri Ikeda, Kyosuke Kamijo, Tomokuni Nagai, Koji Tsunemi, Natsuki Uchiyama, Naoki Matsubara and Ryota Tachibana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:136

    Content type: Case report

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  4. A diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and its related phenotypic features including increased hair growth can affect a woman’s social and emotional well-being. We aim to determine firstly, if excess ...

    Authors: Samantha A. Neubronner, Inthrani R. Indran, Yiong Huak Chan, Angelica Win Pa Thu and Eu-Leong Yong

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics, and the recurrence and prognostic factors of borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs).

    Authors: Lina Niu, Huihui Tian, Yongjun Xu, Jieqiong Cao, Xu Zhang, Junli Zhang, Jiajia Hou, Weiqin Lv, Junxia Wang, Li Xin, XuFeng Dong, Tao Xu, Yuan Nan, Hua Wei, Xinting Chai, Na Li…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In today’s world, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the most critical health problem and research is continued on studying the associated factors. But it is not clear whether endometriosis increases the r...

    Authors: Bahram Moazzami, Shahla Chaichian, Saeed Samie, Masoumeh Majidi Zolbin, Fatemeh Jesmi, Meisam Akhlaghdoust, Mahin Ahmadi Pishkuhi, Zahra Sadat Mirshafiei, Fereshteh Khalilzadeh and Dorsa Safari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Extragonadal endometriosis is a rare condition, and its disease manifestation and long-term prognosis have not been elucidated. We report an extragonadal endometriosis case controlled by drug therapy for 14 ye...

    Authors: Akiko Kanto, Yasushi Kotani, Kosuke Murakami, Chiho Miyagawa, Hidekatsu Nakai and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:118

    Content type: Case report

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  8. We compared women with incident cervical cancer under the age of 30 with older women with regard to stage, morphology, screening history and cervical cancer mortality in a population-based cohort study.

    Authors: Brit Helene Gravdal, Stefan Lönnberg, Gry Baadstrand Skare, Gerhard Sulo and Tone Bjørge

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The aim of our present study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment status and complications in women with endometriosis (EM) and tube ovarian abscess (TOA) to determine the possible associ...

    Authors: Hui Li, Yan Zhao, Xiao-hong Chang, Yue Wang and Hong-lan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Post-fistula-repair incontinence (PFRI) is a common complication of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) surgeries. It entails continuous leakage of urine after successful VVF closure. Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFM...

    Authors: Saratu Umar Aliyu, Shmaila M. Hanif and Isa Usman Lawal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:101

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. In Australia, ethnic Chinese people are one of the largest, youngest and fastest growing overseas-born groups. Yet, little is known about their perceptions of contraceptive methods and their experiences with c...

    Authors: Hankiz Dolan, Mu Li, Deborah Bateson, Rachel Thompson, Chun Wah Michael Tam, Carissa Bonner and Lyndal Trevena

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Induced abortion, whether therapeutic or elective, is a surgical procedure frequently practiced worldwide. It is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. When the procedure is performed in prec...

    Authors: Landry Wakheu Tchuenkam, Aimé Noula Mbonda, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Patrick P. Mbem-Ngos, Hugues G. Noah-Ndzie and Guy Aristide Bang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:98

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Ovarian steroid cell tumors represent a rare category of sex cord-stromal tumors that constitute less than 0.1% of all ovarian tumors. These neoplasms are classified into three main subtypes according to the c...

    Authors: Sawsan Ismail, Munawar Hraib, Rana Issa, Thanaa Alassi and Zuheir Alshehabi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:95

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The diagnostic criteria of chronic endometritis remain controversial in the treatment for infertile patients.

    Authors: Kimiko Hirata, Fuminori Kimura, Akiko Nakamura, Jun Kitazawa, Aina Morimune, Tetsuro Hanada, Akie Takebayashi, Akiko Takashima, Tsukuru Amano, Shunichiro Tsuji, Shoji Kaku, Ryoji Kushima and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Inguinal endometriosis (IEM) is a rare extra pelvic endometriosis. Here, we study the clinical characteristics, management strategies, and long-term gynecological outcomes of IEM patients at Beijing Chaoyang H...

    Authors: BoRan Mu, ZhiQiang Zhang, Chongdong Liu, Kunning Zhang, ShuHong Li, JinHua Leng and MengHui Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:90

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) considered as a concerning health issue for women of reproductive age. In this study we aim to estimate the prevalence of POI and assessing the influential factors.

    Authors: Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Razieh ‌Bidhendi-Yarandi, Kazem Mohammad, Maryam Farahmand, Fereidoun Azizi and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Abdominal and laparoscopic sacro-colpopexy (LSC) is considered the standard surgical option for the management of a symptomatic apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Women who have their uterus, and for whom an ...

    Authors: Daniel Gagyor, Vladimir Kalis, Martin Smazinka, Zdenek Rusavy, Radovan Pilka and Khaled M. Ismail

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Diastasis of rectus abdominis (DRA) refers to a separation of the rectus abdominis from the linea alba. This study aimed to investigate the association with the severity of DRA for developing pelvic floor dysf...

    Authors: Hui Fei, Yun Liu, Mengxiong Li, Juan He, Lixiang Liu, Juanhua Li, Ying Wan and Tian Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Despite the fact that cervical cancer is preventable and curable in the early stages, it still remains to be a major public health problem in India. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awarene...

    Authors: Poongodi Chellapandian, Sindhura Myneni, Divya Ravikumar, Padmavathy Padmanaban, Kavin Mozhi James, Vahitha Mala Kunasekaran, Rejili Grace Joy Manickaraj, Christina Puthota Arokiasamy, Poonguzhali Sivagananam, Pandian Balu, Udayakumari Meesala Chelladurai, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Gayathri Baluswamy, Radhika Nalinakumari Sreekandan, Devakumar Kamaraj, Sumetha Suga Deiva Suga…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The method of communicating a positive cancer screening result should seek to alleviate psychological distress associated with a positive result. We evaluated whether the provision of information through a lea...

    Authors: Yukari Isaka, Ai Hori, Rie Tanaka and Masao Ichikawa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Obstetric genital fistulas are an uncommon condition in developed countries. We evaluated their causes and management in women treated at a German pelvic floor centre.

    Authors: Christl Reisenauer, Bastian Amend, Claudius Falch, Harald Abele, Sara Yvonne Brucker and Jürgen Andress

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  22. It has been suggested that premenstrual syndrome (PMS) may derive from either elevated oxidative stress or reduced antioxidant vitamin levels in the body; however, these relationships have been minimally studi...

    Authors: Robyn A. Frankel, Kara A. Michels, Keewan Kim, Daniel L. Kuhr, Ukpebo R. Omosigho, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Lindsay Levine, Neil J. Perkins and Sunni L. Mumford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Previous studies indicated an impact of hormonal contraceptive use on oral health. This systematic review aimed to investigate the evidence supporting the impact of the use of hormonal contraceptives and perio...

    Authors: Micaele Maria Lopes Castro, Maria Karolina Martins Ferreira, Iasmin Encaua Essashika Prazeres, Paula Beatriz de Oliveira Nunes, Marcela Baraúna Magno, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Lucianne Cople Maia and Rafael Rodrigues Lima

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relevant factors of pain after transvaginal mesh (TVM) surgery for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and to analyse the management and relief of the pain.

    Authors: Chang Shi, Ying Zhao, Qing Hu, Runqi Gong, Yitong Yin and Zhijun Xia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Both short and long birth intervals are associated with many risk factors and about 29% of births are short birth intervals in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study is to model the birth intervals of adult women...

    Authors: Nuru Muhammed Mustefa and Denekew Bitew Belay

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Vaginal mesh implants are medical devices used in a number of operations to treat stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Although many of these operations have delivered good outcomes, some wom...

    Authors: Nikolina Angelova, Louise Taylor, Lorna McKee, Naomi Fearns and Tracey Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The major types of hormonal contraception used currently in Ethiopia are progestogen-only. This study aimed to assess the differences in anthropometry indices, blood pressure, and lipid profile among women usi...

    Authors: Mulu Shiferaw, Woldeteklehaymanot Kassahun and Belay Zawdie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Breastfeeding and postpartum contraception critically influence infant and maternal health outcomes. In this pilot study, we explore the effects of timing and duration of postpartum levonorgestrel exposure on ...

    Authors: Niaree G. Hopelian, Rebecca G. Simmons, Jessica N. Sanders, Katherine Ward, Sabrina Malone Jenkins, Eve Espey and David K. Turok

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  29. With the introduction of oncogenic Human Papillomavirus (HPV) testing into cervical screening there is a renewed focus on primary prevention among high-risk groups. To date, little is known about the effective...

    Authors: Catriona Buick, K. Joan Murphy, Doris Howell and Kelly Metcalfe

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of incidental findings on transvaginal ultrasound scan in women referred with pelvic organ prolapse by a general practitioner and to investigate which fu...

    Authors: Lone Pedersen, Marianne Glavind-Kristensen and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Since the introduction of sentinel node biopsy (SLNB) in unifocal vulvar cancer (diameter of < 4 cm) and unsuspicious groin lymph nodes, the morbidity rate of patients has significantly decreased globally. In ...

    Authors: Andreas Suhartoyo Winarno, Anne Mondal, Franca Christina Martignoni, Tanja Natascha Fehm and Monika Hampl

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Colposcopy serves as a subjective examination of the cervix with low sensitivity to detect cervical intraepithelial dysplasia (CIN) grade 2 or worse (CIN2 +). Dynamic spectral imaging (DSI) colposcopy has been...

    Authors: Berit Bargum Booth, Lone Kjeld Petersen, Jan Blaakaer, Tonje Johansen, Henrik Mertz, Katja Dahl and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Women with endometriosis are commonly treated by their sole provider. In this single-provider model of care, women frequently report long diagnostic delays, unresolved pelvic pain, multiple laparoscopic surger...

    Authors: Sanjay K. Agarwal, Oscar Antunez-Flores, Warren G. Foster, Ashwaq Hermes, Shahrokh Golshan, Ahmed M. Soliman, Amanda Arnold and Rebecca Luna

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There have been considerable studies on the effects of reproductive factors on thyroid cancer risk, while findings are inconsistent. In this analysis, we aimed to investigate the associations between menstrual...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Wei-Wei Gong, Qing-Fang He, Ru-Ying Hu and Min Yu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Diagnostic follow-up of women with an abnormal Pap test is necessary to resolve the risk developing cervical cancer. The purpose of this study is to describe patient characteristics associated with timely rece...

    Authors: Thelma Carrillo, Jane R. Montealegre, Christina G. Bracamontes, Michael E. Scheurer, Michele Follen and Zuber D. Mulla

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:38

  36. The use of contraceptives is an essential public health concept that improves overall safe motherhood and infant health. Women empowerment has been reported to influence health behaviors in women. With recent ...

    Authors: Owen Nkoka, Daphne Lee, Kun-Yang Chuang and Ying-Chih Chuang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Symptomatic prolapse impairs quality of life. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is considered an important outcome of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. However, it is rarely reported, and measures are ...

    Authors: Tadesse Belayneh, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Mulat Adefris, Guri Rortveit, Janne Lillelid Gjerde and Tadesse Awoke Ayele

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It is unclear whether transverse uterine incision is non-inferior to longitudinal incision during myomectomy with regard to bleeding. Our aim was to compare between transverse and longitudinal uterine incision...

    Authors: Alaa Elguindy, Hosam Hemeda, Mohamed Esmat Shawky, Mohamed Elsenity, Medhat Adel Elsayed, Ahmed Fahim, Khaled Afifi and Maii Nawara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Less attention has been given to younger adults’ psycho-oncology care needs than to children and older adults with cancer. The aim was to explore how care following end-of-treatment was perceived by women trea...

    Authors: Elisabet Mattsson, Lisa Ljungman, Kim Einhorn, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Karin Stålberg and Anna Wikman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pelvic hematoma is a common finding following hysterectomy which at times may become infected causing substantial morbidity. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, clinical manifestation and iden...

    Authors: Henry H. Chill, Itshak Amsalem, Gilad Karavani, Sharon Amit, Abraham Benshushan and David Shveiky

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:272

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Whether routine lymph node dissection for early endometrial cancer is beneficial to survival is still controversial. However, surgeons usually perform lymph node dissection on all patients with early endometri...

    Authors: Guangmin Zhang, Hongyou Chen, Yanying Liu, Liyan Niu, Liming Jin, Dong Li, Lihua Song, Lifei Shang, Xiangya Lin, Fei Wang, Fengtong Li, Xinyu Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yan Gao, Dongyu Qiu, Yunpu Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The purpose of this study was to clarify the reliability and validity of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength assessment using the MizCure perineometer in healthy women.

    Authors: Yui Abe-Takahashi, Takeya Kitta, Mifuka Ouchi, Minori Okayauchi, Hiroki Chiba, Madoka Higuchi, Mio Togo and Nobuo Shinohara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Fascin is an actin-binding protein and highly expressed in ovarian cancer cells. It is associated with metastasis of cancer and may be a useful prognostic factor. Anticancer activity of curcumin is related to ...

    Authors: Mi Ju Kim, Ki-Su Park, Kyoung-Tae Kim and Eun Young Gil

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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