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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. Whether routine lymph node dissection for early endometrial cancer is beneficial to survival is still controversial. However, surgeons usually perform lymph node dissection on all patients with early endometri...

    Authors: Guangmin Zhang, Hongyou Chen, Yanying Liu, Liyan Niu, Liming Jin, Dong Li, Lihua Song, Lifei Shang, Xiangya Lin, Fei Wang, Fengtong Li, Xinyu Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yan Gao, Dongyu Qiu, Yunpu Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The purpose of this study was to clarify the reliability and validity of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength assessment using the MizCure perineometer in healthy women.

    Authors: Yui Abe-Takahashi, Takeya Kitta, Mifuka Ouchi, Minori Okayauchi, Hiroki Chiba, Madoka Higuchi, Mio Togo and Nobuo Shinohara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Fascin is an actin-binding protein and highly expressed in ovarian cancer cells. It is associated with metastasis of cancer and may be a useful prognostic factor. Anticancer activity of curcumin is related to ...

    Authors: Mi Ju Kim, Ki-Su Park, Kyoung-Tae Kim and Eun Young Gil

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Stress urinary incontinence worsens living conditions as far as the occupational, social, mental, physical and sexual aspects of a woman’s life. Despite its real impact on the everyday lives of millions of wom...

    Authors: Joanna Witkoś and Magdalena Hartman-Petrycka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Portable devices that can be used to perform colposcopy may improve cervical cancer screening in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where access to colposcopy is limited. The objective of this study was t...

    Authors: Katayoun Taghavi, Eliane Rohner, Partha Basu, Nicola Low, Anne Rutjes and Julia Bohlius

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Behavioural and structural factors related to sex work, place female sex workers (FSWs) at high risk of maternal mortality and morbidity (MMM), with a large portion due to unintended pregnancies and abortions....

    Authors: Gentiane Perrault Sullivan, Fernand Aimé Guédou, Georges Batona, Frédéric Kintin, Luc Béhanzin, Lisa Avery, Emmanuelle Bédard, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Djimon Marcel Zannou, Adolphe Kpatchavi and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Dysregulated endothelial cell growth is involved in many types of human cancer, including cervical cancer. LncRNA GATA6-AS was reported to regulate endothelial cell growth, suggesting it might involve in cervi...

    Authors: Xiaoying Zhao, Huzhong Zheng and Jun Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of this study was to explore the personal views of female gynecologists regarding the management of POP with a particular focus on the issue of uterine sparing surgery.

    Authors: Peter Urdzík, Vladimir Kalis, Mija Blaganje, Zdenek Rusavy, Martin Smazinka, Martin Havir, Rastislav Dudič and Khaled M. Ismail

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Female sexual dysfunction is a common condition that negatively impacts the emotional health and quality of life of the affected individuals. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are becoming increasi...

    Authors: Igor Fernando de Aquino Moreira, Maria Passos Bianchini, Gabrielle Rodrigues Campos Moreira, Alessandra Maciel Almeida and Bruno Almeida Rezende

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:240

    Content type: Research article

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  10. No known studies have been undertaken in South Africa exploring the contraceptive and fertility needs and preferences of women of reproductive age (18–49) diagnosed with breast cancer. This study set out to un...

    Authors: Jane Harries, Deborah Constant, Lydia Cairncross and Jennifer Moodley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) is a malignant tumour composed of spindle cells. The incidence of SC is low, especially in the uterus. The imaging features of uterine sarcomatoid carcinoma (USC) are rarely reported...

    Authors: Tingting Cui, Yanfang Jin, Bin Li, Jiyuan Li and Yunlong Yue

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:223

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Unmet need for contraception contributes to the burden of unwanted pregnancies, which are correlated with a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence an...

    Authors: Anthony Wemakor, Humphrey Garti, Nawaf Saeed, Obed Asumadu and Bede Anyoka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:222

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A new estrogen-free contraceptive has been approved by both the FDA and more than 15 European authorities. It is composed of drospirenone (DRSP) at a dosage of 4 mg in a regimen 24/4. The molecule is known to ...

    Authors: Santiago Palacios, Enrico Colli and Pedro-Antonio Regidor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There is a need for a standardized way to measure person-centered care for abortion. This study developed and validated a measure of person-centered abortion care.

    Authors: May Sudhinaraset, Amanda Landrian, Patience A. Afulani, Beth Phillips, Nadia Diamond-Smith and Sun Cotter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The 30-Item Endometriosis Health Profile (EHP-30) is a specific instrument measuring quality of life among women with endometriosis. Although the Swedish version of EHP-30 is widely used in research and clinic...

    Authors: Hanna Grundström, Anna Rauden, Per Wikman and Matts Olovsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pelvic girdle pain is a common problem during pregnancy. For most women, the symptoms cease within the first 3–6 months of giving birth, but in some women the pain persists. In this study we investigate the se...

    Authors: Niklas Rexelius, Anne Lindgren, Thomas Torstensson, Per Kristiansson and Sahruh Turkmen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:201

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Hysterectomy is a common procedure worldwide and removing healthy fallopian tubes at the time of hysterectomy (opportunistic salpingectomy) to possibly prevent ovarian cancer is increasing in frequency, but st...

    Authors: Elin Collins, Maria Lindqvist, Ingrid Mogren and Annika Idahl

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Early detecting hydatidiform mole in missed abortion is challenge. In this retrospective observational study, we analysed the sensitivity of detecting hydatidiform mole by pre-evacuation ultrasound examination...

    Authors: Yunhui Tang, Chenqi Zhu, Chen Zhu, Feng Liang, Arier Lee, Xiaoying Yao and Qi Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The population of Nigeria is estimated at over 190 million and it is projected to increase by 44% between 2015 and 2030. However, less than one-quarter of women within reproductive age in Nigeria uses modern c...

    Authors: Oluwafemi David Alo, Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Olugbenga K. Omisile, Ebere Joy Ubah, Odunayo Esther Adelusi and Ochanya Idoko-Asuelimhen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Endometriosis is a long-standing progressive disease that affects women of reproductive age. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is one of non-invasive blood biomarker that was detected in sera of end...

    Authors: Sahar Mohamed Yehya Elbaradie, Mohamed Sobhy Bakry and Almandouh Hussein Bosilah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Female genital mutilation is defined as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of external female genitalia, or other injuries to the female genital organs for cultural and religious purposes. In...

    Authors: Gedif Melese, Mulugeta Tesfa, Yewbmirt Sharew and Tsegaye Mehare

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study evaluated treatment patterns among women diagnosed with symptomatic uterine fibroids (UF) in the United States. Data were retrospectively extracted from the IBM Watson Health MarketScan® Commercial ...

    Authors: Nicole Gidaya Bonine, Erika Banks, Amanda Harrington, Anna Vlahiotis, Laura Moore-Schiltz and Patrick Gillard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is prevalent in women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Vaginal estrogen is effective GSM treatment. This study was primarily aimed to evaluate the effects of vagi...

    Authors: Thanapob Bumphenkiatikul, Krasean Panyakhamlerd, Thanittha Chatsuwan, Chai Ariyasriwatana, Ammarin Suwan, Charoen Taweepolcharoen and Nimit Taechakraichana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study aimed to compare the lifestyle factors and SQ between women with and without endometriosis. Also in this essay, the influence of food intake, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics on sleep ...

    Authors: Samaneh Youseflu, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Ghazall Roshanzadeh, Azadeh Mottaghi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Ashraf Moini

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) is one of the techniques feasible for the treatment of intramural myoma. This technique is reported to be difficult when large fibroids are involved because of excessive blood loss...

    Authors: Kentaro Nakayama, Sultana Razia, Masako Ishikawa, Hitomi Yamashita, Tomoka Ishibashi, Hiroki Sasamori, Kiyoka Sawada, Sonomi Kurose, Seiya Sato and Satoru Kyo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Menopause before the age of 40 years is known as primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Besides physical effects, being diagnosed with this disorder adversely affects the psychological health and quality of life...

    Authors: Samira Golezar, Zohreh Keshavarz, Fahime Ramezani Tehrani and Abbas Ebadi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer affecting women globally. In Brazil, it is the third most frequent type of cancer in women and HPV is present in approximately 90% of cases. Evidence su...

    Authors: Rodrigo Lopes da Silva, Zulmira da Silva Batista, Gerusinete Rodrigues Bastos, Ana Paula Almeida Cunha, Fábio Vidal Figueiredo, Lailson Oliveira de Castro, Liwerbeth dos Anjos Pereira, Marcos Antonio Custódio Neto da Silva, Flávia Castello Branco Vidal, Maria Claudene Barros, Elmary da Costa Fraga, Luciane Maria Oliveira Brito, Maria do Carmo Lacerda Barbosa, Miguel Ângelo Martins Moreira and Maria do Desterro Soares Brandão Nascimento

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Most patients with congenital uterus and vaginal aplasia (i.e., Mayer–Rokitansky–Kuster–Hauser [MRKH] syndrome) have rudimentary pelvic uterine structures that contain smooth muscle. Although leiomyomas and dy...

    Authors: Varpu Jokimaa, Johanna Virtanen, Harry Kujari, Seija Ala-Nissilä and Virpi Rantanen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:157

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Long-term follow-up reports of low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS) including its clinical course and pathological data are rare. We previously reported the case of a Japanese woman diagnosed with LGE...

    Authors: Osamu Maeda, Tetsuro Nagasaka, Makoto Ito, Tomoyo Mitsuishi, Fumihiko Murakami, Toshio Uematsu, Yukiko Hattori, Hiromitsu Iwata and Hiroyuki Ogino

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:154

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Women in low- and middle-income countries are at the highest risk of cervical cancer yet have limited access to and participation in cervical cancer screening programs. Integrating self-collected, community-ba...

    Authors: Megan Fitzpatrick, Mythili P. Pathipati, Kathy McCarty, Anat Rosenthal, David Katzenstein, Z. M. Chirenje and Benjamin Pinsky

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Measuring quality indicators (QI’s) is a tool to improve the quality of care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability of 36 QI’s, defined after a literature search for the management of endomet...

    Authors: Annemie Luyckx, Leen Wyckmans, Anne-Sophie Bonte, Xuan Bich Trinh and Peter A. van Dam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Although there have been a number of reports on urinary voiding symptoms associated with surgical interventions for gynecologic cancer and post-voiding symptoms, there have been few reports on urinary storage ...

    Authors: Noriko Nakayama, Tetsuya Tsuji, Makoto Aoyama, Takafumi Fujino and Meigen Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in Ethiopia next to breast cancer. Despite the high burden of the disease and availability of free screening services in Ethiopia, uptake is still trivial. This...

    Authors: Atalay Mulu Fentie, Tamir Birhanu Tadesse and Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Endometriosis can be associated with considerable pain and sterility. After surgical excision of moderate or severe endometriosis lesions, the rate of recurrence reaches up to 67%. The objective of this retros...

    Authors: Cordula Schippert, Yvonne Witte, Janina Bartels, Guillermo-José Garcia-Rocha, Matthias Jentschke, Peter Hillemanns and Sudip Kundu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A wide range of drugs have been studied for first trimester medical abortion. Studies evaluating different regimens, including combination mifepristone and misoprostol and misoprostol alone regimens, show vary...

    Authors: Ferid A. Abubeker, Antonella Lavelanet, Maria I. Rodriguez and Caron Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:142

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been regarded as the cause of cervical cancer in over 99% of cases, only a small fraction of HPV-infected women develop this malignancy. Emerging evidence sugg...

    Authors: Wei Sun, Xueyun Qin, Jing Zhou, Mingjing Xu, Zhangyan Lyu, Xin Li, Kai Zhang, Min Dai, Ni Li and Dong Hang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a reproductive tract infection that affects health of women. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of simple and mixed AV patients in Xi’an district and provi...

    Authors: Taohong Zhang, Yan Xue, Ting Yue, Lili Xiong, Xiaowei Wang, Weihong Wang, Ying Liu and Ruifang An

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, MRKHS, is a rare (orphan) disease characterized by the aplasia or hypoplasia of the uterus and the vagina. In women's health research, little is known as to how muc...

    Authors: Sara Yvonne Brucker, Leonie-Sophia Pösch, Joachim Graf, Alexander N. Sokolov, Norbert Schaeffeler, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Anke Wagner, Esther Ueding, Monika A. Rieger, Dorit Schöller, Diana Stefanescu, Kristin Katharina Rall, Diethelm Wallwiener and Elisabeth Simoes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To investigate the age-dependent changes in circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in healthy Arabic-speaking Lebanese women, and to correlate changes in serum AMH levels with serum FSH and LH values,...

    Authors: Eddie Racoubian, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Ramzi R. Finan and Wassim Y. Almawi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The use of implants has steadily increased in Kinshasa since 2013 but clinic-based access to this family planning method is limited due to distance and costs barriers. The objective of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Julie H. Hernandez, Pierre Akilimali, Annie Glover and Jane T. Bertrand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The universally adopted 2018 PCOS medical diagnostic and treatment guidelines for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) cites the need for a brief screening measure that can be easily administered in the clinical...

    Authors: Michael J. Boivin, Farnaz Fatehi, Amy E. Phillips-Chan, Julia R. Richardson, Amanda N. Summers and Steven A. Foley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:132

    Content type: Research article

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