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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. The 30-Item Endometriosis Health Profile (EHP-30) is a specific instrument measuring quality of life among women with endometriosis. Although the Swedish version of EHP-30 is widely used in research and clinic...

    Authors: Hanna Grundström, Anna Rauden, Per Wikman and Matts Olovsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Pelvic girdle pain is a common problem during pregnancy. For most women, the symptoms cease within the first 3–6 months of giving birth, but in some women the pain persists. In this study we investigate the se...

    Authors: Niklas Rexelius, Anne Lindgren, Thomas Torstensson, Per Kristiansson and Sahruh Turkmen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:201

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Hysterectomy is a common procedure worldwide and removing healthy fallopian tubes at the time of hysterectomy (opportunistic salpingectomy) to possibly prevent ovarian cancer is increasing in frequency, but st...

    Authors: Elin Collins, Maria Lindqvist, Ingrid Mogren and Annika Idahl

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Early detecting hydatidiform mole in missed abortion is challenge. In this retrospective observational study, we analysed the sensitivity of detecting hydatidiform mole by pre-evacuation ultrasound examination...

    Authors: Yunhui Tang, Chenqi Zhu, Chen Zhu, Feng Liang, Arier Lee, Xiaoying Yao and Qi Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The population of Nigeria is estimated at over 190 million and it is projected to increase by 44% between 2015 and 2030. However, less than one-quarter of women within reproductive age in Nigeria uses modern c...

    Authors: Oluwafemi David Alo, Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Olugbenga K. Omisile, Ebere Joy Ubah, Odunayo Esther Adelusi and Ochanya Idoko-Asuelimhen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Endometriosis is a long-standing progressive disease that affects women of reproductive age. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is one of non-invasive blood biomarker that was detected in sera of end...

    Authors: Sahar Mohamed Yehya Elbaradie, Mohamed Sobhy Bakry and Almandouh Hussein Bosilah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Female genital mutilation is defined as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of external female genitalia, or other injuries to the female genital organs for cultural and religious purposes. In...

    Authors: Gedif Melese, Mulugeta Tesfa, Yewbmirt Sharew and Tsegaye Mehare

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This study evaluated treatment patterns among women diagnosed with symptomatic uterine fibroids (UF) in the United States. Data were retrospectively extracted from the IBM Watson Health MarketScan® Commercial ...

    Authors: Nicole Gidaya Bonine, Erika Banks, Amanda Harrington, Anna Vlahiotis, Laura Moore-Schiltz and Patrick Gillard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is prevalent in women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Vaginal estrogen is effective GSM treatment. This study was primarily aimed to evaluate the effects of vagi...

    Authors: Thanapob Bumphenkiatikul, Krasean Panyakhamlerd, Thanittha Chatsuwan, Chai Ariyasriwatana, Ammarin Suwan, Charoen Taweepolcharoen and Nimit Taechakraichana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study aimed to compare the lifestyle factors and SQ between women with and without endometriosis. Also in this essay, the influence of food intake, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics on sleep ...

    Authors: Samaneh Youseflu, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Ghazall Roshanzadeh, Azadeh Mottaghi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Ashraf Moini

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) is one of the techniques feasible for the treatment of intramural myoma. This technique is reported to be difficult when large fibroids are involved because of excessive blood loss...

    Authors: Kentaro Nakayama, Sultana Razia, Masako Ishikawa, Hitomi Yamashita, Tomoka Ishibashi, Hiroki Sasamori, Kiyoka Sawada, Sonomi Kurose, Seiya Sato and Satoru Kyo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Menopause before the age of 40 years is known as primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Besides physical effects, being diagnosed with this disorder adversely affects the psychological health and quality of life...

    Authors: Samira Golezar, Zohreh Keshavarz, Fahime Ramezani Tehrani and Abbas Ebadi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer affecting women globally. In Brazil, it is the third most frequent type of cancer in women and HPV is present in approximately 90% of cases. Evidence su...

    Authors: Rodrigo Lopes da Silva, Zulmira da Silva Batista, Gerusinete Rodrigues Bastos, Ana Paula Almeida Cunha, Fábio Vidal Figueiredo, Lailson Oliveira de Castro, Liwerbeth dos Anjos Pereira, Marcos Antonio Custódio Neto da Silva, Flávia Castello Branco Vidal, Maria Claudene Barros, Elmary da Costa Fraga, Luciane Maria Oliveira Brito, Maria do Carmo Lacerda Barbosa, Miguel Ângelo Martins Moreira and Maria do Desterro Soares Brandão Nascimento

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Most patients with congenital uterus and vaginal aplasia (i.e., Mayer–Rokitansky–Kuster–Hauser [MRKH] syndrome) have rudimentary pelvic uterine structures that contain smooth muscle. Although leiomyomas and dy...

    Authors: Varpu Jokimaa, Johanna Virtanen, Harry Kujari, Seija Ala-Nissilä and Virpi Rantanen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:157

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Long-term follow-up reports of low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS) including its clinical course and pathological data are rare. We previously reported the case of a Japanese woman diagnosed with LGE...

    Authors: Osamu Maeda, Tetsuro Nagasaka, Makoto Ito, Tomoyo Mitsuishi, Fumihiko Murakami, Toshio Uematsu, Yukiko Hattori, Hiromitsu Iwata and Hiroyuki Ogino

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:154

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Women in low- and middle-income countries are at the highest risk of cervical cancer yet have limited access to and participation in cervical cancer screening programs. Integrating self-collected, community-ba...

    Authors: Megan Fitzpatrick, Mythili P. Pathipati, Kathy McCarty, Anat Rosenthal, David Katzenstein, Z. M. Chirenje and Benjamin Pinsky

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Measuring quality indicators (QI’s) is a tool to improve the quality of care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability of 36 QI’s, defined after a literature search for the management of endomet...

    Authors: Annemie Luyckx, Leen Wyckmans, Anne-Sophie Bonte, Xuan Bich Trinh and Peter A. van Dam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although there have been a number of reports on urinary voiding symptoms associated with surgical interventions for gynecologic cancer and post-voiding symptoms, there have been few reports on urinary storage ...

    Authors: Noriko Nakayama, Tetsuya Tsuji, Makoto Aoyama, Takafumi Fujino and Meigen Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in Ethiopia next to breast cancer. Despite the high burden of the disease and availability of free screening services in Ethiopia, uptake is still trivial. This...

    Authors: Atalay Mulu Fentie, Tamir Birhanu Tadesse and Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Endometriosis can be associated with considerable pain and sterility. After surgical excision of moderate or severe endometriosis lesions, the rate of recurrence reaches up to 67%. The objective of this retros...

    Authors: Cordula Schippert, Yvonne Witte, Janina Bartels, Guillermo-José Garcia-Rocha, Matthias Jentschke, Peter Hillemanns and Sudip Kundu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A wide range of drugs have been studied for first trimester medical abortion. Studies evaluating different regimens, including combination mifepristone and misoprostol and misoprostol alone regimens, show vary...

    Authors: Ferid A. Abubeker, Antonella Lavelanet, Maria I. Rodriguez and Caron Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:142

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been regarded as the cause of cervical cancer in over 99% of cases, only a small fraction of HPV-infected women develop this malignancy. Emerging evidence sugg...

    Authors: Wei Sun, Xueyun Qin, Jing Zhou, Mingjing Xu, Zhangyan Lyu, Xin Li, Kai Zhang, Min Dai, Ni Li and Dong Hang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a reproductive tract infection that affects health of women. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of simple and mixed AV patients in Xi’an district and provi...

    Authors: Taohong Zhang, Yan Xue, Ting Yue, Lili Xiong, Xiaowei Wang, Weihong Wang, Ying Liu and Ruifang An

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, MRKHS, is a rare (orphan) disease characterized by the aplasia or hypoplasia of the uterus and the vagina. In women's health research, little is known as to how muc...

    Authors: Sara Yvonne Brucker, Leonie-Sophia Pösch, Joachim Graf, Alexander N. Sokolov, Norbert Schaeffeler, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Anke Wagner, Esther Ueding, Monika A. Rieger, Dorit Schöller, Diana Stefanescu, Kristin Katharina Rall, Diethelm Wallwiener and Elisabeth Simoes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To investigate the age-dependent changes in circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in healthy Arabic-speaking Lebanese women, and to correlate changes in serum AMH levels with serum FSH and LH values,...

    Authors: Eddie Racoubian, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Ramzi R. Finan and Wassim Y. Almawi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The use of implants has steadily increased in Kinshasa since 2013 but clinic-based access to this family planning method is limited due to distance and costs barriers. The objective of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Julie H. Hernandez, Pierre Akilimali, Annie Glover and Jane T. Bertrand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The universally adopted 2018 PCOS medical diagnostic and treatment guidelines for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) cites the need for a brief screening measure that can be easily administered in the clinical...

    Authors: Michael J. Boivin, Farnaz Fatehi, Amy E. Phillips-Chan, Julia R. Richardson, Amanda N. Summers and Steven A. Foley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:132

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Nearly all uterine cervical cancer (UCC) cases result from human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. After high-risk HPV infection, most HPV infections are naturally cleared by humoral and cell-mediated immune res...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Hua-ling Zhang, Zhao-yuan Niu, Zhen Wang, Yan Kong, Xing-sheng Yang and Fang Yuan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The quality of life (QoL) of patients with endometriosis and infertility was assessed in different stages and correlated with the clinical features of the cases.

    Authors: Marina Pessoa de Farias Rodrigues, Fabia Lima Vilarino, Alessandra de Souza Barbeiro Munhoz, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Victor Zaia and Caio Parente Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hysterectomy is one of the most common gynaecological procedures performed worldwide. The magnitude of the complications related to hysterectomy and their risk factors are bound to differ based on locations, a...

    Authors: Daniel Michael, Alex Mremi, Patricia Swai, Benjamin C. Shayo and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:122

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Though obesity is associated with some malignancies, its association with cervical cancer is still inconclusive. This study was aimed at determining if there was an association between obesity and cervical epi...

    Authors: Silas Onyemaechi Okoro, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Peter Onubiwe Nkwo, Uzochukwu U. Aniebue, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba and Chibuike Ogwuegbu Chigbu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Although intrauterine contraceptive device is highly effective, safe, long term and reversible method of contraception, the general population and physicians refuse. IUDs for nulliparous women due to persisten...

    Authors: Reham Refaat Elkhateeb, Eman Kishk, Ahmad Sanad, Haitham Bahaa, Abdel Rahman Hagazy, Kareem Shaheen, Enas Moustafa, Hahem Fares, Khalid Gomaa and Ahmad Mahran

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:117

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Little research is available on follicular development and endometrial receptivity in older women. This study aimed to assess follicular development and endometrial receptivity, and to evaluate ultrasonic para...

    Authors: Li Wang, Shulan Lv, Wenjun Mao, E. Bai and Xiaofeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The presence of chronic deciduitis (CD) was determined in patients diagnosed with or without chronic endometritis (CE) before pregnancy.

    Authors: Shoji Kaku, Takuro Kubo, Fuminori Kimura, Akiko Nakamura, Jun Kitazawa, Aina Morimune, Akimasa Takahashi, Akie Takebayashi, Akiko Takashima, Ryoji Kushima and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To investigate the characteristics of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) lesion distribution when associated with ovarian endometrioma (OEM).

    Authors: Hungling Kwok, Hongye Jiang, Tian Li, Huan Yang, Hui Fei, Li Cheng, Shuzhong Yao and Shuqin Chen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study aims to analyze the effect of the body mass index (BMI) on E2, P and LH values in females who received intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment on human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day.

    Authors: Li-Ting Wang, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Hong-Liang Sun, Xue Wang, Xue-Feng Li, Yan-Lin Wang and Qing-Chun Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:105

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The World Health Organization recommends postpartum family planning (PPFP) for healthy birth spacing. This study is an evaluation of an intervention that sought to improve women’s access to PPFP in Tanzania. T...

    Authors: Erin Pearson, Leigh Senderowicz, Elina Pradhan, Joel Francis, Projestine Muganyizi, Iqbal Shah, David Canning, Mahesh Karra, Nzovu Ulenga and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Unsafe abortion accounts for nearly 60% of all gynecologic admissions and almost 30% of all obstetric and gynecologic admissions. Studies on abortion in Ethiopia have given less attention to women’s perception...

    Authors: Getasew Mulat Bantie, Amare Alamirew Aynie, Mihret kassa Assefa, Ayele Semachew Kasa, Tigabu Birhan Kassa and Gebiyaw Wudie Tsegaye

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Breastfeeding is one of the most important interfering factors in infants’ health. Monitoring mothers’ performance and providing them with the feedback helps to increase their self-efficacy, interest in learni...

    Authors: Fahimeh Sehhatie Shafaei, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Shiva Havizari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Endometriosis have a negative influence on women’s sexual life. The aim of the current study was to test a conceptual model considering the interrelated role of anxiety, depression, sleep quality, physical act...

    Authors: Samaneh Youseflu, Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Mahnaz Bahri Khomami and Malihe Nasiri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Extrauterine leiomyomata is an uncommon lesion that can lead to several problems of differential diagnosis, especially when localized in the external genitalia. There are few reports in the English literature ...

    Authors: Gianmarco Taraschi, Diego Aguiar, Jean Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat and Jasmine Abdulcadir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:89

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2020 20:110

  42. Fertility preservation for both medical and non-medical reasons are gaining increasing attention world-wide. This study aimed to evaluate the awareness, knowledge and acceptance on fertility preservation in Ho...

    Authors: Suet Ying YEUNG, Elaine Yee Lee Ng, Terence Tzu Hsi LAO, Tin Chiu Li and Jacqueline Pui Wah CHUNG

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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