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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

Section edited by Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, and Zephne van der Spuy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

Page 2 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula is an abnormal connection between the vagina and rectum and/or bladder, which leads to continuous urinary or fecal incontinence. It is a serious problem in the world poorest countries, where ...

    Authors: Leltework Yismaw, Kassahun Alemu, Abebaw Addis and Muluneh Alene

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:5

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  2. Content type: Research article

    HPV DNA is found in almost 80% of VIN/VaIN. Current management is inadequate, with high recurrence rates. Our objective was to review the literature regarding the role of HPV vaccine in secondary prevention an...

    Authors: Stacey Bryan, Cynthia Barbara, Jane Thomas and Adeola Olaitan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:3

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cancer screening programs hold much potential for reducing the cervical cancer disease burden in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of mobile health (mHealth) phone te...

    Authors: Jennifer Moodley, Deborah Constant, Matthys H. Botha, Frederick H. van der Merwe, Amanda Edwards and Mariette Momberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:2

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To compare potential factors associated with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) versus ovarian endometrioma (OMA) among endometriosis patients in China.

    Authors: Yi Dai, Yingfang Zhou, Xinmei Zhang, Min Xue, Pengran Sun, Jinhua Leng and Charles Chapron

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:205

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this comprehensive meta-analysis was to assess the association of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) expression with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)/progression-free survival (P...

    Authors: Yan Xia, Xuemin Wei, Hui Gong and Yunxiang Ni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:199

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Early diagnosis and efficient management of Chronic Endometritis (CE) in patients seeking fertility treatment are two components every practitioner wishes to address. With respect to endometrial restoration, a...

    Authors: Konstantinos Sfakianoudis, Mara Simopoulou, Yorgos Nikas, Anna Rapani, Nikolaos Nitsos, Katerina Pierouli, Athanasios Pappas, Agni Pantou, Christina Markomichali, Michael Koutsilieris and Konstantinos Pantos

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:197

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Lifestyle, in particular obesity and smoking has significant impacts on fertility and an important focus for the treatment of reproductive failures is the optimisation of periconceptional lifestyle behaviours....

    Authors: Ka Ying Bonnie Ng, Susan Wellstead, Ying Cheong and Nick Macklon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:196

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the impact of follicular flushing on the number of oocytes retrieved and embryo quality and to determine the optimal number of flushings for poor ovarian responders (PORs) undergoing in vitro fe...

    Authors: Yu Xiao, Yong Wang, Min Wang and Kai Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:186

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with high sexual compulsivity are preoccupied with their sexual desire to such an extent that it interferes with their normal daily life and can inhibit self-control. Previous studies have found a ...

    Authors: Mengyun Luo, Liping Zhu, Yuanyuan Dong, Zezhou Wang, Qiuming Shen, Dandan Mo, Li Du, Zhiruo Zhang and Yong Cai

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:181

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To combine results from a randomized controlled study (RCT) and an observational study (OS) to evaluate discontinuation rate of a levonorgestrel-containing intrauterine contraceptive device (LNG IUD) in a real...

    Authors: Tatsiana Vaitsiakhovich, Anna Filonenko, Richard Lynen, Jan Endrikat and Christoph Gerlinger

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:180

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The current estimates of the prevalence of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) are very variable, but are in most studies believed to be around 1%. It is also very likely tat the prevalence of POI differs betw...

    Authors: Katarina Lagergren, Mats Hammar, Elizabeth Nedstrand, Marie Bladh and Gunilla Sydsjö

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:175

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  12. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the effect of transvaginal mesh (TVM) surgery for voiding function and continence using noninvasive examination and questionnaire. The present study aimed to ascertain which categories of patients...

    Authors: Shohei Kawaguchi, Kazutaka Narimoto, Satoko Urata, Masami Takeyama, Yoshifumi Kadono and Atsushi Mizokami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:174

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Vaginal microbicides are a promising means to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, by empowering women to initiate use prophylactically when they perceive themselves to be...

    Authors: Toral Zaveri, Kimberly A Powell, Kate M Guthrie, Alyssa J Bakke, Gregory R Ziegler and John E Hayes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:170

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Morcellation of undiagnosed uterine sarcoma is cause of abdominal/pelvic dissemination, residual tumor and recurrence. In the preoperative evaluation of suspect uterine masses, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...

    Authors: Antonio Mollo, Antonio Raffone, Antonio Travaglino, Annalisa Di Cello, Gabriele Saccone, Fulvio Zullo and Giuseppe De Placido

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:169

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  15. Content type: Research article

    A unique standardized national dataset on adolescent girls (21 regions) participating in the Italian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study (HBSC) was used to investigate the correlation between body m...

    Authors: Giacomo Lazzeri, Claudia Tosti, Andrea Pammolli, Gianmarco Troiano, Alessio Vieno, Natale Canale, Paola Dalmasso, Patrizia Lemma, Alberto Borraccino, Felice Petraglia and Stefano Luisi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:168

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    A septate uterus is a uterine anomaly that may affect reproductive outcome, and is associated with an increased risk for miscarriage, subfertility and preterm birth. Resection of the septum is subject of debat...

    Authors: J. F. W. Rikken, C. R. Kowalik, M. H. Emanuel, M. Y. Bongers, T. Spinder, J. H. de Kruif, K. W. M. Bloemenkamp, F. W. Jansen, S. Veersema, A. G. M. G. J. Mulders, A. L. Thurkow, K. Hald, A. Mohazzab, Y. Khalaf, T. J. Clark, M. Farrugia…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:163

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Abortion rate in Ukraine is high and the use of effective contraceptive methods is low. Aiming to explore women’s knowledge and attitudes towards modern contraceptive methods, we performed a survey among women...

    Authors: Volodymyr Podolskyi, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson and Lena Marions

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:159

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Induced abortion is one of the most common gynecological procedures in Sweden, but there is still little knowledge about the adverse effects. The aims of this study are to provide an overview of complications ...

    Authors: Isabelle Carlsson, Karin Breding and P.-G. Larsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:158

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) results in a reduction of women’s use of regular contraceptives. This evidence suggests that women exposed to DVA are more likely to have unprotected sexual interc...

    Authors: Natalia V. Lewis, Theresa H. M. Moore, Gene S. Feder, John Macleod and Penny Whiting

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:156

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  20. Content type: Research article

    As HPV is a sexually transmitted virus, men are crucial in the prevention of cervical cancer, but research about men’s awareness on cervical cancer is limited. Therefore, in this study, we investigated men’s a...

    Authors: Hae Won Kim, Duck Hee Kim and Youngji Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:155

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Women after menopause increase risk for cardiovascular disease and several factors may be related. The purpose was to study biological and psychosocial factors associated with early cardiovascular damage in pr...

    Authors: Mauricio Sanchez-Barajas, Lorena del Rocio Ibarra-Reynoso, Marco Antonio Ayala-Garcia and Juan Manuel Malacara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:153

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic recurrent miscarriage, defined as three or more consecutive miscarriages, is a distressing early pregnancy complication. Although, the etiology of recurrent miscarriage is still unknown, an aberrant...

    Authors: Frida Husseini-Akram, Sally Haroun, Signe Altmäe, Lottie Skjöldebrand-Sparre, Helena Åkerud, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Britt-Marie Landgren and Anneli Stavreus-Evers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:143

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Since the publication over 50 years ago of the alkaline hematin method for quantifying menstrual blood loss (MBL) many new approaches have been developed to assess MBL. The aim of this systematic review is to ...

    Authors: Julia L. Magnay, Shaughn O’Brien, Christoph Gerlinger and Christian Seitz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:142

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Despite the enormous benefits of family planning services, the contraceptive utilization still remains low in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is regional variation in modern contraceptive utilization in Ethiopia. Th...

    Authors: Geta Asrade Alemayehu, Abel Fekadu, Mezgebu Yitayal, Yigzaw Kebede, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Zemichael Gizaw, Mamo Wubeshet, Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku, Kassahun Alemu, Amare Tariku, Terefe Derso, Adino Tesfahun…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:118

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Female sex workers living with HIV are at increased risk for negative health outcomes and multiple levels of stigma. However, there is limited research on female sex workers living with HIV and even less focus...

    Authors: Dana Cernigliaro, Clare Barrington, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg and Deanna Kerrigan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:117

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of cervical cancer in Kenya is among the highest in the world. Few Kenyan women are able to access screening, thus fueling the high cervical cancer burden. Self-collected human papilloma Virus (H...

    Authors: Megan Swanson, Saduma Ibrahim, Cinthia Blat, Sandra Oketch, Easter Olwanda, May Maloba and Megan J Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:116

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic surgery is progressing rapidly is becoming the normal route for many abdominal operations, even for major complex surgery. The integrated laparoscopic theatre is a state-of-the-art system in which...

    Authors: Tom K. Holland, Stephen Morris and Alfred Cutner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:112

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are predisposed to a broad range of social, sexual and reproductive health problems such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV, unintended pregnancy, violence, sexual exploita...

    Authors: Rhoune Ochako, Jerry Okal, Steven Kimetu, Ian Askew and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:105

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Hundreds of millions of women suffer from pelvic floor disorders globally, often in silence. Women in developing countries do not disclose their problems due to associated social stigma or lack of access to se...

    Authors: Merga Dheresa, Alemayehu Worku, Lemessa Oljira, Bizatu Mengiste, Nega Assefa and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:95

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the upper genital tract, including the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, and pelvic peritoneum. Tubo-ovarian abscess and pyosalpinx are common complications associa...

    Authors: Yannick Hurni, Marta Bonollo, Ludovica Ferrero, Gianmarco Taraschi, Claudia Canonica and Sophie Venturelli Reyes Lozano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:90

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This cross-sectional pilot study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of live colposcopy versus static image Swede-score evaluation for detecting significant precancerous cervical lesions greater than, or equal to gr...

    Authors: Katayoun Taghavi, Dipanwita Banerjee, Ranajit Mandal, Helena Kopp Kallner, Malin Thorsell, Therese Friis, Ljiljana Kocoska-Maras, Björn Strander, Albert Singer and Elisabeth Wikström

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:89

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in women of reproductive age that is characterized by the presence of functional endometriotic lesions outside the uterus. The Endometriosis Symptom Diary (ESD) is ...

    Authors: Christian Seitz, Vivian Lanius, Susanne Lippert, Christoph Gerlinger, Claudia Haberland, Frank Oehmke and Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:88

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The healthcare-seeking behaviour of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is affected by several factors including the cultural background. There is limited number of studies which addressed the healthcare-se...

    Authors: Fayez T. Hammad, Hassan M. Elbiss and Nawal Osman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:77

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods...

    Authors: Janne L. Gjerde, Guri Rortveit, Mulat Adefris, Tadesse Belayneh and Astrid Blystad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:74

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    The paradigm shift from cytological screening to Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer allows the introduction of new technologies in sample collection and diagnostics. The OncoE6™ Cervic...

    Authors: Amrei Krings, Anna M. Dückelmann, Lutz Moser, Johannes Gollrad, Maarten Wiegerinck, Johannes Schweizer and Andreas M. Kaufmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:68

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent girls’ family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine t...

    Authors: Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya and Francisco Rivera

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:67

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Tubal pathology is a causative factor in 20% of subfertile couples. Traditionally, tubal testing during fertility work-up is performed by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) i...

    Authors: Joukje van Rijswijk, Nienke van Welie, Kim Dreyer, Machiel H. A. van Hooff, Jan Peter de Bruin, Harold R. Verhoeve, Femke Mol, Kimiko A. Kleiman-Broeze, Maaike A. F. Traas, Guido J. J. M. Muijsers, Arentje P. Manger, Judith Gianotten, Cornelia H. de Koning, Aafke M. H. Koning, Neriman Bayram, David P. van der Ham…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:64

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Recently, as a complex integrating a number of modern high-tech means, robotic surgery system is a well-deserved revolutionary tool in globally minimally invasive surgical field. For the first time in China, t...

    Authors: Cheng Luo, Mei Liu and Xiuli Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:61

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal data from a rural Ugandan cohort was used to estimate rates of unfulfilled need for contraception, defined as having unmet need and intent to use contraception at baseline but having an unintended...

    Authors: Tom Lutalo, Ron Gray, John Santelli, David Guwatudde, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sanyukta Mathur, David Serwadda, Fred Nalugoda and Fredrick Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:60

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A pilot screening campaign in Rwanda, based on careHPV-testing followed by visual inspection with acetic acid triage (careHPV+VIA triage), was evaluated against other WHO-recommended screening options, namely ...

    Authors: M. Chantal Umulisa, Silvia Franceschi, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Mathilde Uwimbabazi, Belson Rugwizangoga, Daniëlle A. M. Heideman, Anne M. Uyterlinde, Teresa M. Darragh, Peter J. F. Snijders, Felix Sayinzoga and Gary M. Clifford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:59

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15–24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no vis...

    Authors: Thomas Torstensson, Stephen Butler, Anne Lindgren, Magnus Peterson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Margaretha Eriksson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:54

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commo...

    Authors: K. C. Ekwedigwe, I. Sunday-Adeoye, M. O. Eliboh, M. E. Isikhuemen, H. Uro-Chukwu, P. Ezeonu, A. B. C. Daniyan and E. N. Yakubu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:53

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