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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

Section edited by Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, and Zephne van der Spuy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. As HPV is a sexually transmitted virus, men are crucial in the prevention of cervical cancer, but research about men’s awareness on cervical cancer is limited. Therefore, in this study, we investigated men’s a...

    Authors: Hae Won Kim, Duck Hee Kim and Youngji Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:155

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Women after menopause increase risk for cardiovascular disease and several factors may be related. The purpose was to study biological and psychosocial factors associated with early cardiovascular damage in pr...

    Authors: Mauricio Sanchez-Barajas, Lorena del Rocio Ibarra-Reynoso, Marco Antonio Ayala-Garcia and Juan Manuel Malacara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:153

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Idiopathic recurrent miscarriage, defined as three or more consecutive miscarriages, is a distressing early pregnancy complication. Although, the etiology of recurrent miscarriage is still unknown, an aberrant...

    Authors: Frida Husseini-Akram, Sally Haroun, Signe Altmäe, Lottie Skjöldebrand-Sparre, Helena Åkerud, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Britt-Marie Landgren and Anneli Stavreus-Evers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:143

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Since the publication over 50 years ago of the alkaline hematin method for quantifying menstrual blood loss (MBL) many new approaches have been developed to assess MBL. The aim of this systematic review is to ...

    Authors: Julia L. Magnay, Shaughn O’Brien, Christoph Gerlinger and Christian Seitz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:142

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite the enormous benefits of family planning services, the contraceptive utilization still remains low in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is regional variation in modern contraceptive utilization in Ethiopia. Th...

    Authors: Geta Asrade Alemayehu, Abel Fekadu, Mezgebu Yitayal, Yigzaw Kebede, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Zemichael Gizaw, Mamo Wubeshet, Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku, Kassahun Alemu, Amare Tariku, Terefe Derso, Adino Tesfahun…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:118

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Female sex workers living with HIV are at increased risk for negative health outcomes and multiple levels of stigma. However, there is limited research on female sex workers living with HIV and even less focus...

    Authors: Dana Cernigliaro, Clare Barrington, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg and Deanna Kerrigan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:117

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The incidence of cervical cancer in Kenya is among the highest in the world. Few Kenyan women are able to access screening, thus fueling the high cervical cancer burden. Self-collected human papilloma Virus (H...

    Authors: Megan Swanson, Saduma Ibrahim, Cinthia Blat, Sandra Oketch, Easter Olwanda, May Maloba and Megan J Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:116

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Laparoscopic surgery is progressing rapidly is becoming the normal route for many abdominal operations, even for major complex surgery. The integrated laparoscopic theatre is a state-of-the-art system in which...

    Authors: Tom K. Holland, Stephen Morris and Alfred Cutner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:112

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are predisposed to a broad range of social, sexual and reproductive health problems such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV, unintended pregnancy, violence, sexual exploita...

    Authors: Rhoune Ochako, Jerry Okal, Steven Kimetu, Ian Askew and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:105

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hundreds of millions of women suffer from pelvic floor disorders globally, often in silence. Women in developing countries do not disclose their problems due to associated social stigma or lack of access to se...

    Authors: Merga Dheresa, Alemayehu Worku, Lemessa Oljira, Bizatu Mengiste, Nega Assefa and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:95

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the upper genital tract, including the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, and pelvic peritoneum. Tubo-ovarian abscess and pyosalpinx are common complications associa...

    Authors: Yannick Hurni, Marta Bonollo, Ludovica Ferrero, Gianmarco Taraschi, Claudia Canonica and Sophie Venturelli Reyes Lozano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:90

    Content type: Case report

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  12. This cross-sectional pilot study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of live colposcopy versus static image Swede-score evaluation for detecting significant precancerous cervical lesions greater than, or equal to gr...

    Authors: Katayoun Taghavi, Dipanwita Banerjee, Ranajit Mandal, Helena Kopp Kallner, Malin Thorsell, Therese Friis, Ljiljana Kocoska-Maras, Björn Strander, Albert Singer and Elisabeth Wikström

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:89

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in women of reproductive age that is characterized by the presence of functional endometriotic lesions outside the uterus. The Endometriosis Symptom Diary (ESD) is ...

    Authors: Christian Seitz, Vivian Lanius, Susanne Lippert, Christoph Gerlinger, Claudia Haberland, Frank Oehmke and Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:88

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The healthcare-seeking behaviour of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is affected by several factors including the cultural background. There is limited number of studies which addressed the healthcare-se...

    Authors: Fayez T. Hammad, Hassan M. Elbiss and Nawal Osman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:77

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods...

    Authors: Janne L. Gjerde, Guri Rortveit, Mulat Adefris, Tadesse Belayneh and Astrid Blystad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:74

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The paradigm shift from cytological screening to Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer allows the introduction of new technologies in sample collection and diagnostics. The OncoE6™ Cervic...

    Authors: Amrei Krings, Anna M. Dückelmann, Lutz Moser, Johannes Gollrad, Maarten Wiegerinck, Johannes Schweizer and Andreas M. Kaufmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:68

    Content type: Technical advance

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  17. Adolescent girls’ family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine t...

    Authors: Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya and Francisco Rivera

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:67

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Tubal pathology is a causative factor in 20% of subfertile couples. Traditionally, tubal testing during fertility work-up is performed by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) i...

    Authors: Joukje van Rijswijk, Nienke van Welie, Kim Dreyer, Machiel H. A. van Hooff, Jan Peter de Bruin, Harold R. Verhoeve, Femke Mol, Kimiko A. Kleiman-Broeze, Maaike A. F. Traas, Guido J. J. M. Muijsers, Arentje P. Manger, Judith Gianotten, Cornelia H. de Koning, Aafke M. H. Koning, Neriman Bayram, David P. van der Ham…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:64

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Recently, as a complex integrating a number of modern high-tech means, robotic surgery system is a well-deserved revolutionary tool in globally minimally invasive surgical field. For the first time in China, t...

    Authors: Cheng Luo, Mei Liu and Xiuli Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:61

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Longitudinal data from a rural Ugandan cohort was used to estimate rates of unfulfilled need for contraception, defined as having unmet need and intent to use contraception at baseline but having an unintended...

    Authors: Tom Lutalo, Ron Gray, John Santelli, David Guwatudde, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sanyukta Mathur, David Serwadda, Fred Nalugoda and Fredrick Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:60

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A pilot screening campaign in Rwanda, based on careHPV-testing followed by visual inspection with acetic acid triage (careHPV+VIA triage), was evaluated against other WHO-recommended screening options, namely ...

    Authors: M. Chantal Umulisa, Silvia Franceschi, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Mathilde Uwimbabazi, Belson Rugwizangoga, Daniëlle A. M. Heideman, Anne M. Uyterlinde, Teresa M. Darragh, Peter J. F. Snijders, Felix Sayinzoga and Gary M. Clifford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:59

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15–24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no vis...

    Authors: Thomas Torstensson, Stephen Butler, Anne Lindgren, Magnus Peterson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Margaretha Eriksson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:54

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commo...

    Authors: K. C. Ekwedigwe, I. Sunday-Adeoye, M. O. Eliboh, M. E. Isikhuemen, H. Uro-Chukwu, P. Ezeonu, A. B. C. Daniyan and E. N. Yakubu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:53

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal ...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu and Zelalem Dendir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:50

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study exa...

    Authors: Yuji Sano, Roger Antabe, Kilian Nasung Atuoye, Joseph A. Braimah, Sylvester Z. Galaa and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:49

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia (GT) is an inherited genetic disorder caused by defects in the platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIA, and is associated with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). HMB is a common compli...

    Authors: Meiqiu Lu and Xin Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:45

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Curr...

    Authors: Boniface A. Ushie, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Michael M. Mutua and Caroline W. Kabiru

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:41

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The period of menstruation is an eventful one for a significant number of post-pubescent females as they experience lower abdominal pains referred to as dysmenorrhea. This study conducted among female students...

    Authors: Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Anthony Amalba and Baba Sulemana Mohammed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:39

    Content type: Research article

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  29. With the focus of global and national family planning initiatives on reaching “additional user” targets, it is increasingly important for programs to assess contraceptive method discontinuation and switching. ...

    Authors: Janine Barden-O’Fallon, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa M. Calhoun and Meghan Corroon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:35

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The real-world experience of women receiving extended-cycle combined oral contraception (COC) versus monthly-cycle COC has not been reported.

    Authors: Rossella E. Nappi, Iñaki Lete, Lulu K. Lee, Natalia M. Flores, Marie-Christine Micheletti and Boxiong Tang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:22

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chronic pelvic pain is a debilitating condition. It is unknown if there is a clinical phenotype for adhesive disorders. This study aimed to determine if the presence or absence, nature, severity and extent of ...

    Authors: Ying Cheong, Mili Saran, James William Hounslow and Isabel Claire Reading

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:11

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, es...

    Authors: Vernon Mochache, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman and Peter Gichangi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:10

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The 2012 London Summit on Family Planning set ambitious goals to enable 120 million more women and adolescent girls to use modern contraceptives by 2020. The Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) was a B...

    Authors: Jennifer Winston, Lisa M. Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, David Guilkey and Ilene Speizer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:9

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Being diagnosed with gynaecologic malignancy certainly will have different sequelae which can hamper quality of life (QOL).This study aimed to assess health related quality of life (HRQOL) among gynaecologic c...

    Authors: Birhanu Abera Ayana, Shiferaw Negash, Lukman Yusuf, Wendemagegnhu Tigeneh and Demewoz Haile

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:7

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Every year around 50 million unintended pregnancies worldwide are terminated by induced abortion. Even in countries, where it is legalized and performed in a safe environment, abortion carries some risk of com...

    Authors: Ekaterine Pestvenidze, Nino Lomia, Nino Berdzuli, Lia Umikashvili, Tamar Antelava and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:136

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Bolivia are among the highest in Latin America. This investigation aims to evaluate the possibility of using simple devices, e.g. a cotton swab and a glass slid...

    Authors: Pedro Surriabre, Gustavo Allende, Marcela Prado, Leyddy Cáceres, Diego Bellot, Andrea Torrico, Karina Ustariz, Shirley Rojas, Jaime Barriga, Pamela Calle, Ligia Villarroel, Rosse Mary Yañez, Marc Baay, Patricia Rodriguez and Véronique Fontaine

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:135

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at a late stage when outcomes are poor. Personalised ovarian cancer risk prediction, based on genetic and epidemiological information and risk stratified management in adult...

    Authors: Katie E. J. Hann, Lindsay Fraser, Lucy Side, Sue Gessler, Jo Waller, Saskia C. Sanderson, Madeleine Freeman, Ian Jacobs and Anne Lanceley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstr...

    Authors: Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly and Berhanu Dessalegn

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:124

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant tumour formed of cells with distinct smooth muscle features. Leiomyosarcomas rarely metastasise to the oral cavity and this literature review details all reported cases of m...

    Authors: Isabel Hope, Karen Morton, Carrie Newlands, Simon Butler-Manuel and Thumuluru Kavitha Madhuri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:119

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Given the important roles of the receptor-mediated lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling in both reproductive tract function and gynecological cancers, it will be informative to investigate the potential role ...

    Authors: Bicheng Yang, Liqun Wang, Xiaoju Wan, Yunjun Li, Xiaohong Yu, Yunna Qin, Yong Luo, Feng Wang and Ouping Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:118

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Based on moderate quality evidence, routine pelvic examination is strongly recommended against in asymptomatic women. The aims of this study was to quantify the extent of routine pelvic examinations within spe...

    Authors: Ingvild Mathiesen Rosenlund, Linda Leivseth, Ingard Nilsen, Olav Helge Førde and Arthur Revhaug

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:114

    Content type: Research article

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