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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

Section edited by Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, and Zephne van der Spuy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

Page 3 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal ...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu and Zelalem Dendir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:50

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study exa...

    Authors: Yuji Sano, Roger Antabe, Kilian Nasung Atuoye, Joseph A. Braimah, Sylvester Z. Galaa and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:49

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia (GT) is an inherited genetic disorder caused by defects in the platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIA, and is associated with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). HMB is a common compli...

    Authors: Meiqiu Lu and Xin Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:45

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Curr...

    Authors: Boniface A. Ushie, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Michael M. Mutua and Caroline W. Kabiru

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:41

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The period of menstruation is an eventful one for a significant number of post-pubescent females as they experience lower abdominal pains referred to as dysmenorrhea. This study conducted among female students...

    Authors: Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Anthony Amalba and Baba Sulemana Mohammed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:39

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  6. Content type: Research article

    With the focus of global and national family planning initiatives on reaching “additional user” targets, it is increasingly important for programs to assess contraceptive method discontinuation and switching. ...

    Authors: Janine Barden-O’Fallon, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa M. Calhoun and Meghan Corroon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:35

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The real-world experience of women receiving extended-cycle combined oral contraception (COC) versus monthly-cycle COC has not been reported.

    Authors: Rossella E. Nappi, Iñaki Lete, Lulu K. Lee, Natalia M. Flores, Marie-Christine Micheletti and Boxiong Tang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:22

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pelvic pain is a debilitating condition. It is unknown if there is a clinical phenotype for adhesive disorders. This study aimed to determine if the presence or absence, nature, severity and extent of ...

    Authors: Ying Cheong, Mili Saran, James William Hounslow and Isabel Claire Reading

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:11

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, es...

    Authors: Vernon Mochache, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman and Peter Gichangi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:10

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The 2012 London Summit on Family Planning set ambitious goals to enable 120 million more women and adolescent girls to use modern contraceptives by 2020. The Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) was a B...

    Authors: Jennifer Winston, Lisa M. Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, David Guilkey and Ilene Speizer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:9

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Being diagnosed with gynaecologic malignancy certainly will have different sequelae which can hamper quality of life (QOL).This study aimed to assess health related quality of life (HRQOL) among gynaecologic c...

    Authors: Birhanu Abera Ayana, Shiferaw Negash, Lukman Yusuf, Wendemagegnhu Tigeneh and Demewoz Haile

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:7

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Every year around 50 million unintended pregnancies worldwide are terminated by induced abortion. Even in countries, where it is legalized and performed in a safe environment, abortion carries some risk of com...

    Authors: Ekaterine Pestvenidze, Nino Lomia, Nino Berdzuli, Lia Umikashvili, Tamar Antelava and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:136

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Bolivia are among the highest in Latin America. This investigation aims to evaluate the possibility of using simple devices, e.g. a cotton swab and a glass slid...

    Authors: Pedro Surriabre, Gustavo Allende, Marcela Prado, Leyddy Cáceres, Diego Bellot, Andrea Torrico, Karina Ustariz, Shirley Rojas, Jaime Barriga, Pamela Calle, Ligia Villarroel, Rosse Mary Yañez, Marc Baay, Patricia Rodriguez and Véronique Fontaine

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:135

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at a late stage when outcomes are poor. Personalised ovarian cancer risk prediction, based on genetic and epidemiological information and risk stratified management in adult...

    Authors: Katie E. J. Hann, Lindsay Fraser, Lucy Side, Sue Gessler, Jo Waller, Saskia C. Sanderson, Madeleine Freeman, Ian Jacobs and Anne Lanceley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:132

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstr...

    Authors: Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly and Berhanu Dessalegn

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:124

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant tumour formed of cells with distinct smooth muscle features. Leiomyosarcomas rarely metastasise to the oral cavity and this literature review details all reported cases of m...

    Authors: Isabel Hope, Karen Morton, Carrie Newlands, Simon Butler-Manuel and Thumuluru Kavitha Madhuri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:119

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Given the important roles of the receptor-mediated lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling in both reproductive tract function and gynecological cancers, it will be informative to investigate the potential role ...

    Authors: Bicheng Yang, Liqun Wang, Xiaoju Wan, Yunjun Li, Xiaohong Yu, Yunna Qin, Yong Luo, Feng Wang and Ouping Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:118

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Based on moderate quality evidence, routine pelvic examination is strongly recommended against in asymptomatic women. The aims of this study was to quantify the extent of routine pelvic examinations within spe...

    Authors: Ingvild Mathiesen Rosenlund, Linda Leivseth, Ingard Nilsen, Olav Helge Førde and Arthur Revhaug

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:114

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Obese and overweight women experience a lower probability for pregnancy after IVF. However, despite the increasing prevalence of obesity, the large majority of infertile women are non-obese. One of the most co...

    Authors: Eliana Garalejic, Biljana Arsic, Jovana Radakovic, Dragana Bojovic Jovic, Dragana Lekic, Biljana Macanovic, Ivan Soldatovic and Milan Perovic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:112

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both i...

    Authors: Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda and Ying-Chih Chuang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:109

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an important condition with considerable morbidity and a small risk of mortality and most commonly results as an iatrogenic condition following follicular stimulatio...

    Authors: Khalid M. Salama, Hesham M. Abo Ragab, Mohammed F. El Sherbiny, Ali A. Morsi and Ibrahim I. Souidan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:108

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, compounded bioidentical hormone therapy (CBHT) has emerged as a popular alternative to manufactured, FDA approved hormone therapy (HT)—despite concerns within the medical community and the ava...

    Authors: Jennifer Jo Thompson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh and Mark Nichter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:97

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent...

    Authors: Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg and Agneta Skoog Svanberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:96

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies...

    Authors: Anne M. Khisa, Grace M. Omoni, Isaac K. Nyamongo and Rachel F. Spitzer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:92

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers of women in developing countries. It is also eminent cause of mortality and morbidity in women worldwide. Symptoms usually develop when the cancer has become i...

    Authors: Gemechu Ameya and Fekade Yerakly

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:91

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Implantation defect is one of these contributing factors for unexplained infertility. In the mid-luteal phase, when implantation is expected to happen, Integrins expression is remarkably increased. So, Integri...

    Authors: Ahmed Elnaggar, Amr H. Farag, Mohamed E. Gaber, Mohamed Abdel Hafeez, Mohamed S. Ali and Alaa M. Atef

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:90

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Hormonal contraceptive use may be associated with a reduction in some premenstrual symptoms, however, the evidence remains equivocal. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the associations be...

    Authors: Alicia Caroline Jarosz, Joseph Jamnik and Ahmed El-Sohemy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:87

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Detection of genital HPV DNA is recommended as an important strategy for modern cervical cancer screening. Challenges include access to services, the reliance on cervical samples taken by clinicians, and patie...

    Authors: Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Florencia Djigma, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Latif Abdul, Jacques Simpore and Philippe Mayaud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:86

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes...

    Authors: Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J. Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García and Elvira Garza-González

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:83

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Benign metastatic leiomyoma (BML) is an extremely rare disease. Although uterine leiomyomas are benign histologically, they can metastasize to distant sites. While the incidence is very low, the lung is the or...

    Authors: Yeong Hun Choe, So Yeon Jeon, Yoon Chae Lee, Myung Ja Chung, Seung Yong Park, Yong Chul Lee and So Ri Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:81

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Traditional practice after vaginal hysterectomy was to keep the vaginal pack and urinary catheter for 24 hours post operatively. But there were studies that prolonged cathterisation was associated with urinary...

    Authors: Priya Rajan, S. Soundara Raghavan and Deepak Sharma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:78

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for women of reproductive age. Laparoscopy was introduced in the 1990es and is today one of the recommended routes of surgery. A recent observational ...

    Authors: Elise Hoffmann, Gitte Bennich, Christian Rifbjerg Larsen, Jannie Lindschou, Janus Christian Jakobsen and Pernille Danneskiold Lassen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:76

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Despite the fact that long acting family planning methods reduce population growth and improve maternal health, their utilization remains poor. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence of long acting and ...

    Authors: Chernet Baye Zenebe, Mulat Adefris, Melaku Kindie Yenit and Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:75

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and hysterectomy are the most common gynaecological surgeries that can affect the function of the bladder and bowel as well as one’s sexual life. There ...

    Authors: Mojgan Pakbaz, Ewa Rolfsman and Mats Löfgren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:68

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the utility and acceptability of using multi-level pregnancy tests (MLPTs) at home to monitor hCG trends following assisted reproductive technology (ART).

    Authors: Tara Shochet, Ioanna A. Comstock, Nguyen Thi Nhu Ngoc, Lynn M. Westphal, Wendy R. Sheldon, Ly Thai Loc, Jennifer Blum, Beverly Winikoff and Paul D. Blumenthal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:67

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  36. Content type: Research article

    By focusing upon family planning counselling services, the Mozambican government has significantly enhanced the general health of female and male clients. However, little is known about the experiences of fami...

    Authors: Rehana Capurchande, Gily Coene, Kristien Roelens and Herman Meulemans

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:66

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula and pelvic organ prolapse remain highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where women have poor access to modern health care. Women having these problems tend to stay at home for years before ...

    Authors: Mulat Adefris, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Kiros Terefe, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Azmeraw Adigo, Selamawit Amare, Dorothy Lazaro, Aster Berhe and Chernet Baye

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:64

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Poor endometrial quality is associated with more than a third of embryo implantation failures. Current ultrasonography technology lacks the capacity to determine efficiently the endometrial receptivity during ...

    Authors: Felipe Camargo-Díaz, Valeria García, Azucena Ocampo-Bárcenas, Humberto González-Marquez and Esther López-Bayghen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:63

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a lymphocyte-mediated disease of unknown etiology that can cause intense itching as well stenosis, hindering the evacuation and urination. It can also limit the sex life due to...

    Authors: Renata A. Belotto, Maria Cristina Chavantes, João Paulo Tardivo, Roberto Euzébio dos Santos, Raquel Civolani Marques Fernandes, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Christiane Pavani and Daniela Fátima Teixeira da Silva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:61

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Reproductive disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPD) like pre-eclampsia (PE), are associated with an increased risk o...

    Authors: Gerbrand A. Zoet, Cindy Meun, Laura Benschop, Eric Boersma, Ricardo P.J. Budde, Bart C.J.M. Fauser, Christianne J.M. de Groot, Aad van der Lugt, Angela H.E.M. Maas, Karl G.M. Moons, Jeanine E. Roeters van Lennep, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, Eric A.P. Steegers, Bas B. van Rijn, Joop S.E. Laven, Arie Franx…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:60

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the health service utilization of women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners, as compared with those sexually assaulted by other perpetrators. To address this gap, we describe th...

    Authors: Janice Du Mont, Maryam Woldeyohannes, Sheila Macdonald, Daisy Kosa and Linda Turner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:59

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing t...

    Authors: Pei-Ying Wu, Ya-Min Cheng, Geok Huey New, Cheng-Yang Chou, Chun-Ting Chiang, Hung-Wen Tsai and Yu-Fang Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:56

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Hysterectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures during lifetime. Almost 10 % of women who have had a hysterectomy because of prolapse symptoms, will visit a gynaecologist for a surgical correctio...

    Authors: Anne-Lotte W. M. Coolen, Mèlanie N. van IJsselmuiden, Anique M. J. van Oudheusden, J. Veen, Hugo W. F. van Eijndhoven, Ben Willem J. Mol, Jan Paul Roovers and Marlies Y. Bongers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:52

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is a chronic and incapacitating condition afflicting patients who undergo lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer. This study aimed to identify risk factors for LLL and to develop a ...

    Authors: Kenji Kuroda, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Manami Yanagisawa, Akira Kawata, Naoya Akiba, Kensuke Suzuki and Kazutoshi Naritaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:50

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is a prominent public health problem which affects people all around the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a common treatment for ovarian cancer, however, the effectiveness of chemotherapy v...

    Authors: Ning Tang, Dan Lyu, Yan Zhang and Haiping Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:43

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Congenital uterine anomalies like bicornis or bicornuate uterus are relatively rare in sub-Saharan Africa. They are associated with an increased rate of spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, and infertility....

    Authors: Julius Sama Dohbit, Esther Meka, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Igor Kamla, Darolles Mwadjie and Pascal Foumane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:39

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in imp...

    Authors: Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D. Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston and Kirti Iyengar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:37

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