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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

Section edited by Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, and Zephne van der Spuy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

Page 3 of 5

  1. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the upper genital tract, including the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, and pelvic peritoneum. Tubo-ovarian abscess and pyosalpinx are common complications associa...

    Authors: Yannick Hurni, Marta Bonollo, Ludovica Ferrero, Gianmarco Taraschi, Claudia Canonica and Sophie Venturelli Reyes Lozano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:90

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in women of reproductive age that is characterized by the presence of functional endometriotic lesions outside the uterus. The Endometriosis Symptom Diary (ESD) is ...

    Authors: Christian Seitz, Vivian Lanius, Susanne Lippert, Christoph Gerlinger, Claudia Haberland, Frank Oehmke and Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:88

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The healthcare-seeking behaviour of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is affected by several factors including the cultural background. There is limited number of studies which addressed the healthcare-se...

    Authors: Fayez T. Hammad, Hassan M. Elbiss and Nawal Osman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:77

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods...

    Authors: Janne L. Gjerde, Guri Rortveit, Mulat Adefris, Tadesse Belayneh and Astrid Blystad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:74

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The paradigm shift from cytological screening to Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer allows the introduction of new technologies in sample collection and diagnostics. The OncoE6™ Cervic...

    Authors: Amrei Krings, Anna M. Dückelmann, Lutz Moser, Johannes Gollrad, Maarten Wiegerinck, Johannes Schweizer and Andreas M. Kaufmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:68

    Content type: Technical advance

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  6. Adolescent girls’ family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine t...

    Authors: Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya and Francisco Rivera

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:67

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Tubal pathology is a causative factor in 20% of subfertile couples. Traditionally, tubal testing during fertility work-up is performed by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) i...

    Authors: Joukje van Rijswijk, Nienke van Welie, Kim Dreyer, Machiel H. A. van Hooff, Jan Peter de Bruin, Harold R. Verhoeve, Femke Mol, Kimiko A. Kleiman-Broeze, Maaike A. F. Traas, Guido J. J. M. Muijsers, Arentje P. Manger, Judith Gianotten, Cornelia H. de Koning, Aafke M. H. Koning, Neriman Bayram, David P. van der Ham…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:64

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Recently, as a complex integrating a number of modern high-tech means, robotic surgery system is a well-deserved revolutionary tool in globally minimally invasive surgical field. For the first time in China, t...

    Authors: Cheng Luo, Mei Liu and Xiuli Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:61

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Longitudinal data from a rural Ugandan cohort was used to estimate rates of unfulfilled need for contraception, defined as having unmet need and intent to use contraception at baseline but having an unintended...

    Authors: Tom Lutalo, Ron Gray, John Santelli, David Guwatudde, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sanyukta Mathur, David Serwadda, Fred Nalugoda and Fredrick Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:60

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A pilot screening campaign in Rwanda, based on careHPV-testing followed by visual inspection with acetic acid triage (careHPV+VIA triage), was evaluated against other WHO-recommended screening options, namely ...

    Authors: M. Chantal Umulisa, Silvia Franceschi, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Mathilde Uwimbabazi, Belson Rugwizangoga, Daniëlle A. M. Heideman, Anne M. Uyterlinde, Teresa M. Darragh, Peter J. F. Snijders, Felix Sayinzoga and Gary M. Clifford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:59

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15–24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no vis...

    Authors: Thomas Torstensson, Stephen Butler, Anne Lindgren, Magnus Peterson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Margaretha Eriksson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:54

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commo...

    Authors: K. C. Ekwedigwe, I. Sunday-Adeoye, M. O. Eliboh, M. E. Isikhuemen, H. Uro-Chukwu, P. Ezeonu, A. B. C. Daniyan and E. N. Yakubu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:53

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal ...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu and Zelalem Dendir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:50

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study exa...

    Authors: Yuji Sano, Roger Antabe, Kilian Nasung Atuoye, Joseph A. Braimah, Sylvester Z. Galaa and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:49

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia (GT) is an inherited genetic disorder caused by defects in the platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIA, and is associated with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). HMB is a common compli...

    Authors: Meiqiu Lu and Xin Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:45

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Curr...

    Authors: Boniface A. Ushie, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Michael M. Mutua and Caroline W. Kabiru

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:41

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The period of menstruation is an eventful one for a significant number of post-pubescent females as they experience lower abdominal pains referred to as dysmenorrhea. This study conducted among female students...

    Authors: Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Anthony Amalba and Baba Sulemana Mohammed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:39

    Content type: Research article

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  18. With the focus of global and national family planning initiatives on reaching “additional user” targets, it is increasingly important for programs to assess contraceptive method discontinuation and switching. ...

    Authors: Janine Barden-O’Fallon, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa M. Calhoun and Meghan Corroon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:35

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The real-world experience of women receiving extended-cycle combined oral contraception (COC) versus monthly-cycle COC has not been reported.

    Authors: Rossella E. Nappi, Iñaki Lete, Lulu K. Lee, Natalia M. Flores, Marie-Christine Micheletti and Boxiong Tang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Chronic pelvic pain is a debilitating condition. It is unknown if there is a clinical phenotype for adhesive disorders. This study aimed to determine if the presence or absence, nature, severity and extent of ...

    Authors: Ying Cheong, Mili Saran, James William Hounslow and Isabel Claire Reading

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:11

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, es...

    Authors: Vernon Mochache, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman and Peter Gichangi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:10

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The 2012 London Summit on Family Planning set ambitious goals to enable 120 million more women and adolescent girls to use modern contraceptives by 2020. The Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) was a B...

    Authors: Jennifer Winston, Lisa M. Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, David Guilkey and Ilene Speizer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:9

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Being diagnosed with gynaecologic malignancy certainly will have different sequelae which can hamper quality of life (QOL).This study aimed to assess health related quality of life (HRQOL) among gynaecologic c...

    Authors: Birhanu Abera Ayana, Shiferaw Negash, Lukman Yusuf, Wendemagegnhu Tigeneh and Demewoz Haile

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:7

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Every year around 50 million unintended pregnancies worldwide are terminated by induced abortion. Even in countries, where it is legalized and performed in a safe environment, abortion carries some risk of com...

    Authors: Ekaterine Pestvenidze, Nino Lomia, Nino Berdzuli, Lia Umikashvili, Tamar Antelava and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:136

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Bolivia are among the highest in Latin America. This investigation aims to evaluate the possibility of using simple devices, e.g. a cotton swab and a glass slid...

    Authors: Pedro Surriabre, Gustavo Allende, Marcela Prado, Leyddy Cáceres, Diego Bellot, Andrea Torrico, Karina Ustariz, Shirley Rojas, Jaime Barriga, Pamela Calle, Ligia Villarroel, Rosse Mary Yañez, Marc Baay, Patricia Rodriguez and Véronique Fontaine

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:135

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at a late stage when outcomes are poor. Personalised ovarian cancer risk prediction, based on genetic and epidemiological information and risk stratified management in adult...

    Authors: Katie E. J. Hann, Lindsay Fraser, Lucy Side, Sue Gessler, Jo Waller, Saskia C. Sanderson, Madeleine Freeman, Ian Jacobs and Anne Lanceley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstr...

    Authors: Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly and Berhanu Dessalegn

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:124

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant tumour formed of cells with distinct smooth muscle features. Leiomyosarcomas rarely metastasise to the oral cavity and this literature review details all reported cases of m...

    Authors: Isabel Hope, Karen Morton, Carrie Newlands, Simon Butler-Manuel and Thumuluru Kavitha Madhuri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:119

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Given the important roles of the receptor-mediated lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling in both reproductive tract function and gynecological cancers, it will be informative to investigate the potential role ...

    Authors: Bicheng Yang, Liqun Wang, Xiaoju Wan, Yunjun Li, Xiaohong Yu, Yunna Qin, Yong Luo, Feng Wang and Ouping Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:118

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Based on moderate quality evidence, routine pelvic examination is strongly recommended against in asymptomatic women. The aims of this study was to quantify the extent of routine pelvic examinations within spe...

    Authors: Ingvild Mathiesen Rosenlund, Linda Leivseth, Ingard Nilsen, Olav Helge Førde and Arthur Revhaug

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:114

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Obese and overweight women experience a lower probability for pregnancy after IVF. However, despite the increasing prevalence of obesity, the large majority of infertile women are non-obese. One of the most co...

    Authors: Eliana Garalejic, Biljana Arsic, Jovana Radakovic, Dragana Bojovic Jovic, Dragana Lekic, Biljana Macanovic, Ivan Soldatovic and Milan Perovic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:112

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both i...

    Authors: Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda and Ying-Chih Chuang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:109

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an important condition with considerable morbidity and a small risk of mortality and most commonly results as an iatrogenic condition following follicular stimulatio...

    Authors: Khalid M. Salama, Hesham M. Abo Ragab, Mohammed F. El Sherbiny, Ali A. Morsi and Ibrahim I. Souidan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:108

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In recent years, compounded bioidentical hormone therapy (CBHT) has emerged as a popular alternative to manufactured, FDA approved hormone therapy (HT)—despite concerns within the medical community and the ava...

    Authors: Jennifer Jo Thompson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh and Mark Nichter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:97

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent...

    Authors: Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg and Agneta Skoog Svanberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:96

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies...

    Authors: Anne M. Khisa, Grace M. Omoni, Isaac K. Nyamongo and Rachel F. Spitzer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:92

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers of women in developing countries. It is also eminent cause of mortality and morbidity in women worldwide. Symptoms usually develop when the cancer has become i...

    Authors: Gemechu Ameya and Fekade Yerakly

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:91

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Implantation defect is one of these contributing factors for unexplained infertility. In the mid-luteal phase, when implantation is expected to happen, Integrins expression is remarkably increased. So, Integri...

    Authors: Ahmed Elnaggar, Amr H. Farag, Mohamed E. Gaber, Mohamed Abdel Hafeez, Mohamed S. Ali and Alaa M. Atef

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:90

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hormonal contraceptive use may be associated with a reduction in some premenstrual symptoms, however, the evidence remains equivocal. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the associations be...

    Authors: Alicia Caroline Jarosz, Joseph Jamnik and Ahmed El-Sohemy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Detection of genital HPV DNA is recommended as an important strategy for modern cervical cancer screening. Challenges include access to services, the reliance on cervical samples taken by clinicians, and patie...

    Authors: Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Florencia Djigma, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Latif Abdul, Jacques Simpore and Philippe Mayaud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes...

    Authors: Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J. Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García and Elvira Garza-González

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Benign metastatic leiomyoma (BML) is an extremely rare disease. Although uterine leiomyomas are benign histologically, they can metastasize to distant sites. While the incidence is very low, the lung is the or...

    Authors: Yeong Hun Choe, So Yeon Jeon, Yoon Chae Lee, Myung Ja Chung, Seung Yong Park, Yong Chul Lee and So Ri Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:81

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Traditional practice after vaginal hysterectomy was to keep the vaginal pack and urinary catheter for 24 hours post operatively. But there were studies that prolonged cathterisation was associated with urinary...

    Authors: Priya Rajan, S. Soundara Raghavan and Deepak Sharma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:78

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for women of reproductive age. Laparoscopy was introduced in the 1990es and is today one of the recommended routes of surgery. A recent observational ...

    Authors: Elise Hoffmann, Gitte Bennich, Christian Rifbjerg Larsen, Jannie Lindschou, Janus Christian Jakobsen and Pernille Danneskiold Lassen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Despite the fact that long acting family planning methods reduce population growth and improve maternal health, their utilization remains poor. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence of long acting and ...

    Authors: Chernet Baye Zenebe, Mulat Adefris, Melaku Kindie Yenit and Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:75

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and hysterectomy are the most common gynaecological surgeries that can affect the function of the bladder and bowel as well as one’s sexual life. There ...

    Authors: Mojgan Pakbaz, Ewa Rolfsman and Mats Löfgren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:68

    Content type: Research article

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